Botanical diversity (BTD) is an important part of biodiversity and a goal for real action for conservation. BTD includes, according to our understanding, plant species, plant communities and their spatial combinations (symphytotaxones). We differentiate between the potential, the registered and the actual BTD.Potential species richness (local flora) of the Amudarya and Syrdarya River Deltas includes 774 species. 295 species are presented in bight deltas, 307 species are only in the Amudarya and 154 species are only in the Syrdarya Delta.Potential and registered plant community richness includes 71 associations and 21 formations. Actual community richness has 2 associations less of Saliceta songooricae formation, because these have disappeared within the two deltas.The ecological positions as a frequency of distribution within the scales of the groundwater table and soluble salts in the soils were studied for the main plant community.An ecological interpretation of the scheme of landscape desertification within the Amudarya Delta indicated the area where different conditions allow tugai communities to survive and possible water management to support existing tugai communities and renew wetland conditions.
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- Ecological Basis for Botanical Diversity Conservation Within the Amudarya and Syrdarya River Deltas
N. M. Novikova
- Springer Berlin Heidelberg
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