Skip to main content
main-content

Tipp

Weitere Kapitel dieses Buchs durch Wischen aufrufen

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

3. Ecophysiology of Reef-Building Corals in the Red Sea

verfasst von: Maren Ziegler, Anna Roik, Till Röthig, Christian Wild, Nils Rädecker, Jessica Bouwmeester, Christian R. Voolstra

Erschienen in: Coral Reefs of the Red Sea

Verlag: Springer International Publishing

share
TEILEN

Abstract

The Red Sea is one of the warmest and most saline seas on the planet. Yet, scleractinian corals have managed to flourish under these distinct conditions supporting one of the largest networks of coral reef ecosystems worldwide. Here, we summarize current knowledge on the ecophysiology of reef-building corals gained from 60 years of research in the Red Sea starting from insights in the 1960s to the most recent studies of the past few years. We provide a brief overview over seasonal dynamics and environmental gradients in the Red Sea that are used to study ecophysiological processes of corals under changing environmental and extreme conditions (i.e., temperature, salinity, nutrient, and light availability). We then focus on how this environmental variability shapes the central processes of coral physiology in the Red Sea covering the topics of photosynthesis, calcification, nutrient cycling, and reproduction. We continue by reporting the first physiological measurements of Red Sea deep-sea corals. Last, we discuss how, through the integration of traditional methods with recent developments in the omics field and model systems, we are now beginning to understand the complexity of processes that contribute to the ecological success of corals under these variable conditions. This synthesis may serve as a basis for future studies that aim to contribute to a better understanding of the impacts of environmental change on coral reefs in the Red Sea and the rest of the world.

Sie möchten Zugang zu diesem Inhalt erhalten? Dann informieren Sie sich jetzt über unsere Produkte:

Springer Professional "Wirtschaft+Technik"

Online-Abonnement

Mit Springer Professional "Wirtschaft+Technik" erhalten Sie Zugriff auf:

  • über 69.000 Bücher
  • über 500 Zeitschriften

aus folgenden Fachgebieten:

  • Automobil + Motoren
  • Bauwesen + Immobilien
  • Business IT + Informatik
  • Elektrotechnik + Elektronik
  • Energie + Nachhaltigkeit
  • Finance + Banking
  • Management + Führung
  • Marketing + Vertrieb
  • Maschinenbau + Werkstoffe
  • Versicherung + Risiko

Testen Sie jetzt 15 Tage kostenlos.

Springer Professional "Technik"

Online-Abonnement

Mit Springer Professional "Technik" erhalten Sie Zugriff auf:

  • über 50.000 Bücher
  • über 380 Zeitschriften

aus folgenden Fachgebieten:

  • Automobil + Motoren
  • Bauwesen + Immobilien
  • Business IT + Informatik
  • Elektrotechnik + Elektronik
  • Energie + Nachhaltigkeit
  • Maschinenbau + Werkstoffe




Testen Sie jetzt 15 Tage kostenlos.

Literatur
Zurück zum Zitat Al-Horani FA, Al-Moghrabi SM, de Beer D (2003) Microsensor study of photosynthesis and calcification in the scleractinian coral, Galaxea fascicularis: active internal carbon cycle. J Exp Mar Biol Ecol 288:1–15 CrossRef Al-Horani FA, Al-Moghrabi SM, de Beer D (2003) Microsensor study of photosynthesis and calcification in the scleractinian coral, Galaxea fascicularis: active internal carbon cycle. J Exp Mar Biol Ecol 288:1–15 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Allemand D, Tambutté É, Zoccola D, Tambutté S (2011) Coral calcification, cells to reefs. In: Dubinsky Z, Stambler N (eds) Coral reefs: an ecosystem in transition. Springer, Dordrecht, pp 119–150 CrossRef Allemand D, Tambutté É, Zoccola D, Tambutté S (2011) Coral calcification, cells to reefs. In: Dubinsky Z, Stambler N (eds) Coral reefs: an ecosystem in transition. Springer, Dordrecht, pp 119–150 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Al-Lihaibi SS, Al-Sofyani AA, Niaz GR (1998) Chemical composition of corals in Saudi Red Sea Coast. Oceanol Acta 21:495–501 CrossRef Al-Lihaibi SS, Al-Sofyani AA, Niaz GR (1998) Chemical composition of corals in Saudi Red Sea Coast. Oceanol Acta 21:495–501 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Alongi DM, Trott LA, Møhl M (2011) Strong tidal currents and labile organic matter stimulate benthic decomposition and carbonate fluxes on the southern Great Barrier Reef shelf. Cont Shelf Res 31:1384–1395 CrossRef Alongi DM, Trott LA, Møhl M (2011) Strong tidal currents and labile organic matter stimulate benthic decomposition and carbonate fluxes on the southern Great Barrier Reef shelf. Cont Shelf Res 31:1384–1395 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Al-Sofyani A (1994) Variation in Evels and location of lipids in corals tissue of the ROPME Sea area. JKAU Mar Sci 5:121–131 CrossRef Al-Sofyani A (1994) Variation in Evels and location of lipids in corals tissue of the ROPME Sea area. JKAU Mar Sci 5:121–131 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Aranda M, Li Y, Liew YJ, Baumgarten S, Simakov O, Wilson M, Piel J, Ashoor H, Bougouffa S, Bajic VB, Ryu T, Ravasi T, Bayer T, Micklem G, Kim H, Bhak J, LaJeunesse TC, Voolstra CR (2016) Genomes of coral dinoflagellate symbionts highlight evolutionary adaptations conducive to a symbiotic lifestyle. Sci Rep 6:39734 CrossRef Aranda M, Li Y, Liew YJ, Baumgarten S, Simakov O, Wilson M, Piel J, Ashoor H, Bougouffa S, Bajic VB, Ryu T, Ravasi T, Bayer T, Micklem G, Kim H, Bhak J, LaJeunesse TC, Voolstra CR (2016) Genomes of coral dinoflagellate symbionts highlight evolutionary adaptations conducive to a symbiotic lifestyle. Sci Rep 6:39734 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Auld JR, Agrawal AA, Relyea RA (2010) Re-evaluating the costs and limits of adaptive phenotypic plasticity. Proc R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 277:503–511 CrossRef Auld JR, Agrawal AA, Relyea RA (2010) Re-evaluating the costs and limits of adaptive phenotypic plasticity. Proc R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 277:503–511 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Babcock RC, Bull GD, Harrison PL, Heyward AJ, Oliver JK, Wallace CC, Willis BL (1986) Synchronous spawnings of 105 scleractinian coral species on the Great Barrier Reef. Mar Biol 90:379–394 CrossRef Babcock RC, Bull GD, Harrison PL, Heyward AJ, Oliver JK, Wallace CC, Willis BL (1986) Synchronous spawnings of 105 scleractinian coral species on the Great Barrier Reef. Mar Biol 90:379–394 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Badran MI (2001) Dissolved oxygen, chlorophyll a and nutrients: seasonal cycles in waters of the Gulf of Aquaba, Red Sea. Aquat Ecosyst Health Manage 4:139–150 CrossRef Badran MI (2001) Dissolved oxygen, chlorophyll a and nutrients: seasonal cycles in waters of the Gulf of Aquaba, Red Sea. Aquat Ecosyst Health Manage 4:139–150 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Baird AH, Guest JR, Willis BL (2009) Systematic and biogeographical patterns in the reproductive biology of scleractinian corals. Annu Rev Ecol Evol Syst 40:551–571 CrossRef Baird AH, Guest JR, Willis BL (2009) Systematic and biogeographical patterns in the reproductive biology of scleractinian corals. Annu Rev Ecol Evol Syst 40:551–571 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Bang C, Dagan T, Deines P, Dubilier N, Duschl WJ, Fraune S, Hentschel U, Hirt H, Hülter N, Lachnit T, Picazo D, Pita L, Pogoreutz C, Rädecker N, Saad MM, Schmitz RA, Schulenburg H, Voolstra CR, Weiland-Bräuer N, Ziegler M, Bosch TCG (2018) Metaorganisms in extreme environments: do microbes play a role in organismal adaptation? Zoology 127:1–19 CrossRef Bang C, Dagan T, Deines P, Dubilier N, Duschl WJ, Fraune S, Hentschel U, Hirt H, Hülter N, Lachnit T, Picazo D, Pita L, Pogoreutz C, Rädecker N, Saad MM, Schmitz RA, Schulenburg H, Voolstra CR, Weiland-Bräuer N, Ziegler M, Bosch TCG (2018) Metaorganisms in extreme environments: do microbes play a role in organismal adaptation? Zoology 127:1–19 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Basaham AS, Al-Sofyani AA (2007) Observations based on the variation in alkaline earth elements’ (Ca, Mg, Ba and Sr) distribution in the Porites Skeleton of the central west coast of Saudi Arabia. JKAU Mar Sci 18:213–223 CrossRef Basaham AS, Al-Sofyani AA (2007) Observations based on the variation in alkaline earth elements’ (Ca, Mg, Ba and Sr) distribution in the Porites Skeleton of the central west coast of Saudi Arabia. JKAU Mar Sci 18:213–223 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Bastidas C, Cróquer A, Zubillaga AL, Ramos R, Kortnik V, Weinberger C, Márquez LM (2005) Coral mass- and split-spawning at a coastal and an offshore Venezuelan reefs, southern Caribbean. Hydrobiologia 541:101–106 CrossRef Bastidas C, Cróquer A, Zubillaga AL, Ramos R, Kortnik V, Weinberger C, Márquez LM (2005) Coral mass- and split-spawning at a coastal and an offshore Venezuelan reefs, southern Caribbean. Hydrobiologia 541:101–106 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Baumgarten S, Simakov O, Esherick LY, Liew YJ, Lehnert EM, Michell CT, Li Y, Hambleton EA, Guse A, Oates ME, Gough J, Weis VM, Aranda M, Pringle JR, Voolstra CR (2015) The genome of Aiptasia, a sea anemone model for coral symbiosis. Proc Natl Acad Sci 112:11893–11898 CrossRef Baumgarten S, Simakov O, Esherick LY, Liew YJ, Lehnert EM, Michell CT, Li Y, Hambleton EA, Guse A, Oates ME, Gough J, Weis VM, Aranda M, Pringle JR, Voolstra CR (2015) The genome of Aiptasia, a sea anemone model for coral symbiosis. Proc Natl Acad Sci 112:11893–11898 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Bellworthy J, Fine M (2017) Beyond peak summer temperatures, branching corals in the Gulf of Aqaba are resilient to thermal stress but sensitive to high light. Coral Reefs 36(4):1071–1082 CrossRef Bellworthy J, Fine M (2017) Beyond peak summer temperatures, branching corals in the Gulf of Aqaba are resilient to thermal stress but sensitive to high light. Coral Reefs 36(4):1071–1082 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Bernstein WN, Hughen KA, Langdon C, McCorkle DC, Lentz SJ (2016) Environmental controls on daytime net community calcification on a Red Sea reef flat. Coral Reefs 35:697–711 CrossRef Bernstein WN, Hughen KA, Langdon C, McCorkle DC, Lentz SJ (2016) Environmental controls on daytime net community calcification on a Red Sea reef flat. Coral Reefs 35:697–711 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Bhattacharya D, Agrawal S, Aranda M, Baumgarten S, Belcaid M, Drake J, Erwin D, Foret S, Gates RD, Gruber DF, Hanna B, Lesser MP, Levy O, Liew YJ, MacManes M, Mass T, Medina M, Mehr S, Meyer E, Price DC, Putnam HM, Qiu H, Shinzato C, Shoguchi E, Stokes AJ, Tambutte S, Tchernov D, Voolstra CR, Wagner N, Walker CW, Weber APM, Weiss V, Zelzion E, Zoccola D, Falkowski PG (2016) Comparative genomics explains the evolutionary success of reef-forming corals. eLife 5:e13288 CrossRef Bhattacharya D, Agrawal S, Aranda M, Baumgarten S, Belcaid M, Drake J, Erwin D, Foret S, Gates RD, Gruber DF, Hanna B, Lesser MP, Levy O, Liew YJ, MacManes M, Mass T, Medina M, Mehr S, Meyer E, Price DC, Putnam HM, Qiu H, Shinzato C, Shoguchi E, Stokes AJ, Tambutte S, Tchernov D, Voolstra CR, Wagner N, Walker CW, Weber APM, Weiss V, Zelzion E, Zoccola D, Falkowski PG (2016) Comparative genomics explains the evolutionary success of reef-forming corals. eLife 5:e13288 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Bongiorni L, Shafir S, Angel D, Rinkevich B (2003) Survival, growth and gonad development of two hermatypic corals subjected to in situ fish-farm nutrient enrichment. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 253:137–144 CrossRef Bongiorni L, Shafir S, Angel D, Rinkevich B (2003) Survival, growth and gonad development of two hermatypic corals subjected to in situ fish-farm nutrient enrichment. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 253:137–144 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Bouwmeester J, Berumen ML (2015) High reproductive synchrony of Acropora (Anthozoa: Scleractinia) in the Gulf of Aqaba, Red Sea. F1000Research 4:2 Bouwmeester J, Berumen ML (2015) High reproductive synchrony of Acropora (Anthozoa: Scleractinia) in the Gulf of Aqaba, Red Sea. F1000Research 4:2
Zurück zum Zitat Bouwmeester J, Berumen ML, Baird AH (2011a) Daytime broadcast spawning of Pocillopora verrucosa on coral reefs of the Central Red Sea. Galaxea J Coral Reef Stud 13:23–24 CrossRef Bouwmeester J, Berumen ML, Baird AH (2011a) Daytime broadcast spawning of Pocillopora verrucosa on coral reefs of the Central Red Sea. Galaxea J Coral Reef Stud 13:23–24 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Bouwmeester J, Khalil MT, De La Torre P, Berumen ML (2011b) Synchronous spawning of Acropora in the Red Sea. Coral Reefs 30:1011–1011 CrossRef Bouwmeester J, Khalil MT, De La Torre P, Berumen ML (2011b) Synchronous spawning of Acropora in the Red Sea. Coral Reefs 30:1011–1011 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Bouwmeester J, Baird AH, Chen CJ, Guest JR, Vicentuan KC, Voolstra CR, Berumen ML (2015) Multi-species spawning synchrony within scleractinian coral assemblages in the Red Sea. Coral Reefs 34:65–77. erratum 34:79–79 CrossRef Bouwmeester J, Baird AH, Chen CJ, Guest JR, Vicentuan KC, Voolstra CR, Berumen ML (2015) Multi-species spawning synchrony within scleractinian coral assemblages in the Red Sea. Coral Reefs 34:65–77. erratum 34:79–79 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Bouwmeester J, Gatins R, Giles EC, Sinclair-Taylor TH, Berumen ML (2016) Spawning of coral reef invertebrates and a second spawning season for scleractinian corals in the central Red Sea. Invertebr Biol 135:273–284 CrossRef Bouwmeester J, Gatins R, Giles EC, Sinclair-Taylor TH, Berumen ML (2016) Spawning of coral reef invertebrates and a second spawning season for scleractinian corals in the central Red Sea. Invertebr Biol 135:273–284 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Brüwer JD, Voolstra CR (2018) First insight into the viral community of the cnidarian model metaorganism Aiptasia using RNA-Seq data. PeerJ 6:e4449 CrossRef Brüwer JD, Voolstra CR (2018) First insight into the viral community of the cnidarian model metaorganism Aiptasia using RNA-Seq data. PeerJ 6:e4449 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Burriesci MS, Raab TK, Pringle JR (2012) Evidence that glucose is the major transferred metabolite in dinoflagellate – cnidarian symbiosis. J Exp Biol 215:3467–3477 CrossRef Burriesci MS, Raab TK, Pringle JR (2012) Evidence that glucose is the major transferred metabolite in dinoflagellate – cnidarian symbiosis. J Exp Biol 215:3467–3477 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Cantin NE, Cohen AL, Karnauskas KB, Tarrant AM, McCorkle DC (2010) Ocean warming slows coral growth in the central Red Sea. Science 329:322–325 CrossRef Cantin NE, Cohen AL, Karnauskas KB, Tarrant AM, McCorkle DC (2010) Ocean warming slows coral growth in the central Red Sea. Science 329:322–325 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Cardini U, Bednarz VN, Naumann MS, van Hoytema N, Rix L, Foster RA, Al-Rshaidat MMD, Wild C (2015) Functional significance of dinitrogen fixation in sustaining coral productivity under oligotrophic conditions. Proc R Soc Lond Ser B Biol Sci 282:20152257 CrossRef Cardini U, Bednarz VN, Naumann MS, van Hoytema N, Rix L, Foster RA, Al-Rshaidat MMD, Wild C (2015) Functional significance of dinitrogen fixation in sustaining coral productivity under oligotrophic conditions. Proc R Soc Lond Ser B Biol Sci 282:20152257 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Cardini U, Bednarz VN, van Hoytema N, Rovere A, Naumann MS, Al-Rshaidat MMD, Wild C (2016) Budget of primary production and dinitrogen fixation in a highly seasonal Red Sea Coral Reef. Ecosystems 19(5):771–785 Cardini U, Bednarz VN, van Hoytema N, Rovere A, Naumann MS, Al-Rshaidat MMD, Wild C (2016) Budget of primary production and dinitrogen fixation in a highly seasonal Red Sea Coral Reef. Ecosystems 19(5):771–785
Zurück zum Zitat Cook CB, Davy SK (2001) Are free amino acids responsible for the ‘host factor’ effects on symbiotic zooxanthellae in extracts of host tissue? Hydrobiologia 461:71–78 CrossRef Cook CB, Davy SK (2001) Are free amino acids responsible for the ‘host factor’ effects on symbiotic zooxanthellae in extracts of host tissue? Hydrobiologia 461:71–78 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Carricart-Ganivet JP (2004) Sea surface temperature and the growth of the West Atlantic reef-building coral Montastraea annularis. J Exp Mar Biol Ecol 302:249–260 CrossRef Carricart-Ganivet JP (2004) Sea surface temperature and the growth of the West Atlantic reef-building coral Montastraea annularis. J Exp Mar Biol Ecol 302:249–260 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Clausen CD, Roth AA (1975) Effect of temperature and temperature adaptation on calcification rate in the hermatypic coral Pocillopora damicornis. Mar Biol 33:93–100 CrossRef Clausen CD, Roth AA (1975) Effect of temperature and temperature adaptation on calcification rate in the hermatypic coral Pocillopora damicornis. Mar Biol 33:93–100 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Comeau S, Edmunds PJ, Spindel NB, Carpenter RC (2013) The responses of eight coral reef calcifiers to increasing partial pressure of CO 2 do not exhibit a tipping point. Limnol Oceanogr 58:388–398 CrossRef Comeau S, Edmunds PJ, Spindel NB, Carpenter RC (2013) The responses of eight coral reef calcifiers to increasing partial pressure of CO 2 do not exhibit a tipping point. Limnol Oceanogr 58:388–398 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Comeau S, Carpenter RC, Edmunds PJ (2014a) Effects of irradiance on the response of the coral Acropora pulchra and the calcifying alga Hydrolithon reinboldii to temperature elevation and ocean acidification. J Exp Mar Biol Ecol 453:28–35 CrossRef Comeau S, Carpenter RC, Edmunds PJ (2014a) Effects of irradiance on the response of the coral Acropora pulchra and the calcifying alga Hydrolithon reinboldii to temperature elevation and ocean acidification. J Exp Mar Biol Ecol 453:28–35 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Comeau S, Carpenter RC, Nojiri Y, Putnam HM, Sakai K, Edmunds PJ (2014b) Pacific-wide contrast highlights resistance of reef calcifiers to ocean acidification. Proc R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 281:20141339 CrossRef Comeau S, Carpenter RC, Nojiri Y, Putnam HM, Sakai K, Edmunds PJ (2014b) Pacific-wide contrast highlights resistance of reef calcifiers to ocean acidification. Proc R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 281:20141339 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Cook CB, Davy SK (2001) Are free amino acids responsible for the ‘host factor’ effects on symbiotic zooxanthellae in extracts of host tissue? Hydrobiologia 461:71–78 CrossRef Cook CB, Davy SK (2001) Are free amino acids responsible for the ‘host factor’ effects on symbiotic zooxanthellae in extracts of host tissue? Hydrobiologia 461:71–78 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Couce E, Ridgwell A, Hendy EJ (2012) Environmental controls on the global distribution of shallow-water coral reefs. J Biogeogr 39:1508–1523 CrossRef Couce E, Ridgwell A, Hendy EJ (2012) Environmental controls on the global distribution of shallow-water coral reefs. J Biogeogr 39:1508–1523 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Crossland CJ (1984) Seasonal variations in the rates of calcification and productivity in the coral Acropora formosa on a high-latitude reef. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 15:135–140 CrossRef Crossland CJ (1984) Seasonal variations in the rates of calcification and productivity in the coral Acropora formosa on a high-latitude reef. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 15:135–140 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat D’Angelo C, Wiedenmann J (2014) Impacts of nutrient enrichment on coral reefs: new perspectives and implications for coastal management and reef survival. Curr Opin Environ Sustain 7:82–93 CrossRef D’Angelo C, Wiedenmann J (2014) Impacts of nutrient enrichment on coral reefs: new perspectives and implications for coastal management and reef survival. Curr Opin Environ Sustain 7:82–93 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Daniels C, Baumgarten S, Yum LK, Michell CT, Bayer T, Arif C, Roder C, Weil E, Voolstra CR (2015) Metatranscriptome analysis of the reef-building coral Orbicella faveolata indicates holobiont response to coral disease. Front Mar Sci 2:62 CrossRef Daniels C, Baumgarten S, Yum LK, Michell CT, Bayer T, Arif C, Roder C, Weil E, Voolstra CR (2015) Metatranscriptome analysis of the reef-building coral Orbicella faveolata indicates holobiont response to coral disease. Front Mar Sci 2:62 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Davies AJ, Wisshak M, Orr JC, Murray Roberts J (2008) Predicting suitable habitat for the cold-water coral Lophelia pertusa (Scleractinia). Deep-Sea Res I Oceanogr Res Pap 55:1048–1062 CrossRef Davies AJ, Wisshak M, Orr JC, Murray Roberts J (2008) Predicting suitable habitat for the cold-water coral Lophelia pertusa (Scleractinia). Deep-Sea Res I Oceanogr Res Pap 55:1048–1062 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat DeWitt TJ, Sih A, Wilson DS (1998) Costs and limits of phenotypic plasticity. Trends Ecol Evol 13:77–81 CrossRef DeWitt TJ, Sih A, Wilson DS (1998) Costs and limits of phenotypic plasticity. Trends Ecol Evol 13:77–81 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Dubinsky Z, Jokiel PL (1994) Ratio of energy and nutrient fluxes regulates symbiosis between zooxanthellae and corals. Pac Sci 48:313–324 Dubinsky Z, Jokiel PL (1994) Ratio of energy and nutrient fluxes regulates symbiosis between zooxanthellae and corals. Pac Sci 48:313–324
Zurück zum Zitat Dubinsky Z, Stambler N (2009) Photoacclimation processes in phytoplankton: mechanisms, consequences, and applications. Aquat Microb Ecol 56:163–176 CrossRef Dubinsky Z, Stambler N (2009) Photoacclimation processes in phytoplankton: mechanisms, consequences, and applications. Aquat Microb Ecol 56:163–176 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Dubinsky Z, Stambler N, Ben-Zion M, McCloskey LR, Muscatine L, Falkowski PG (1990) The effect of external nutrient resources on the optical properties and photosynthetic efficiency of Stylophora pistillata. Proc R Soc Lond Ser B Biol Sci 239:231–246 CrossRef Dubinsky Z, Stambler N, Ben-Zion M, McCloskey LR, Muscatine L, Falkowski PG (1990) The effect of external nutrient resources on the optical properties and photosynthetic efficiency of Stylophora pistillata. Proc R Soc Lond Ser B Biol Sci 239:231–246 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Edwards AJ (1987) Climate and oceanography. In: Edwards AJ, Head SM (eds) Red Sea. Pergamon Press & International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources, Oxford, pp 45–69 CrossRef Edwards AJ (1987) Climate and oceanography. In: Edwards AJ, Head SM (eds) Red Sea. Pergamon Press & International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources, Oxford, pp 45–69 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Enriquez S, Mendez ER, Iglesias-Prieto R (2005) Multiple scattering on coral skeletons enhances light absorption by symbiotic algae. Limnol Oceanogr 50:1025–1032 CrossRef Enriquez S, Mendez ER, Iglesias-Prieto R (2005) Multiple scattering on coral skeletons enhances light absorption by symbiotic algae. Limnol Oceanogr 50:1025–1032 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Eyal-Shaham L, Eyal G, Tamir R, Loya Y (2016) Reproduction, abundance and survivorship of two Alveopora spp. in the mesophotic reefs of Eilat, Red Sea. Sci Rep 6:20964 CrossRef Eyal-Shaham L, Eyal G, Tamir R, Loya Y (2016) Reproduction, abundance and survivorship of two Alveopora spp. in the mesophotic reefs of Eilat, Red Sea. Sci Rep 6:20964 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Fadlallah Y (1985) Reproduction in the coral Pocillopora verrucosa on the reefs adjacent to the industrial city of Yanbu (Red Sea, Saudi Arabia). Proceedings of the Fifth International Coral Reef Congress, Tahiti, pp 313–318 Fadlallah Y (1985) Reproduction in the coral Pocillopora verrucosa on the reefs adjacent to the industrial city of Yanbu (Red Sea, Saudi Arabia). Proceedings of the Fifth International Coral Reef Congress, Tahiti, pp 313–318
Zurück zum Zitat Fadlallah YH, Lindo RT (1988) Contrasting cycles of reproduction in Stylophora pistillata from the Red Sea and the Arabian Gulf, with emphasis on temperature. 6th International Coral Reef Symposium, Australia, pp 225–230 Fadlallah YH, Lindo RT (1988) Contrasting cycles of reproduction in Stylophora pistillata from the Red Sea and the Arabian Gulf, with emphasis on temperature. 6th International Coral Reef Symposium, Australia, pp 225–230
Zurück zum Zitat Fagoonee I, Wilson HB, Hassell MP, Turner JR (1999) The dynamics of zooxanthellae populations: a long-term study in the field. Science 283:843–845 CrossRef Fagoonee I, Wilson HB, Hassell MP, Turner JR (1999) The dynamics of zooxanthellae populations: a long-term study in the field. Science 283:843–845 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Falkowski PG, Dubinsky Z (1981) Light-shade adaptation of Stylophora pistillata, a hermatypic coral from the Gulf of Eilat. Nature 289:172–174 CrossRef Falkowski PG, Dubinsky Z (1981) Light-shade adaptation of Stylophora pistillata, a hermatypic coral from the Gulf of Eilat. Nature 289:172–174 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Falkowski PG, Dubinsky Z, Muscatine L, Porter JW (1984) Light and the bioenergetics of a symbiotic coral. Bioscience 34:705–709 CrossRef Falkowski PG, Dubinsky Z, Muscatine L, Porter JW (1984) Light and the bioenergetics of a symbiotic coral. Bioscience 34:705–709 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Falkowski PG, Jokiel PL, Kinzie RA (1990) Irradiance and corals. In: Dubinsky Z (ed) Ecosystems of the world. Coral Reefs. Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp 89–108 Falkowski PG, Jokiel PL, Kinzie RA (1990) Irradiance and corals. In: Dubinsky Z (ed) Ecosystems of the world. Coral Reefs. Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp 89–108
Zurück zum Zitat Falkowski PG, Dubinsky Z, Muscatine L, McCloskey L (1993) Population control in symbiotic corals. Bioscience 43:606–611 CrossRef Falkowski PG, Dubinsky Z, Muscatine L, McCloskey L (1993) Population control in symbiotic corals. Bioscience 43:606–611 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Ferrier-Pagès C, Gattuso JP, Dallot S, Jaubert J (2000) Effect of nutrient enrichment on growth and photosynthesis of the zooxanthellate coral Stylophora pistillata. Coral Reefs 19:103–113 CrossRef Ferrier-Pagès C, Gattuso JP, Dallot S, Jaubert J (2000) Effect of nutrient enrichment on growth and photosynthesis of the zooxanthellate coral Stylophora pistillata. Coral Reefs 19:103–113 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Fine M, Gildor H, Genin A, (2013) A coral reef refuge in the Red Sea. Global Change Biology 19 (12):3640–3647 Fine M, Gildor H, Genin A, (2013) A coral reef refuge in the Red Sea. Global Change Biology 19 (12):3640–3647
Zurück zum Zitat Foster T, Short JA, Falter JL, Ross C, McCulloch MT (2014) Reduced calcification in Western Australian corals during anomalously high summer water temperatures. J Exp Mar Biol Ecol 461:133–143 CrossRef Foster T, Short JA, Falter JL, Ross C, McCulloch MT (2014) Reduced calcification in Western Australian corals during anomalously high summer water temperatures. J Exp Mar Biol Ecol 461:133–143 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Freiwald A, Fosså JH, Grehan A, Koslow T, Roberts JM (2004) Cold-water coral reefs. UNEP-WCMC, Cambridge, p 84 Freiwald A, Fosså JH, Grehan A, Koslow T, Roberts JM (2004) Cold-water coral reefs. UNEP-WCMC, Cambridge, p 84
Zurück zum Zitat Freudenthal HD (1962) Symbiodinium gen. nov. and Symbiodinium microadriaticum sp. nov., a Zooxanthella: taxonomy, life cycle, and morphology. J Protozool 9:45–52 CrossRef Freudenthal HD (1962) Symbiodinium gen. nov. and Symbiodinium microadriaticum sp. nov., a Zooxanthella: taxonomy, life cycle, and morphology. J Protozool 9:45–52 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Furby KA, Bouwmeester J, Berumen ML (2013) Susceptibility of Central Red Sea corals during a major bleaching event. Coral Reefs 32:505–513 CrossRef Furby KA, Bouwmeester J, Berumen ML (2013) Susceptibility of Central Red Sea corals during a major bleaching event. Coral Reefs 32:505–513 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Gates RD, Hoegh-Guldberg O, McFall-Ngai MJ, Bil KY, Muscatine L (1995) Free amino acids exhibit anthozoan “host factor” activity: they induce the release of photosynthate from symbiotic dinoflagellates in vitro. Proc Natl Acad Sci 92:7430–7434 CrossRef Gates RD, Hoegh-Guldberg O, McFall-Ngai MJ, Bil KY, Muscatine L (1995) Free amino acids exhibit anthozoan “host factor” activity: they induce the release of photosynthate from symbiotic dinoflagellates in vitro. Proc Natl Acad Sci 92:7430–7434 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Gattuso J-P, Allemand D, Frankignoulle M (1999) Photosynthesis and calcification at cellular, organismal and community levels in coral reefs: a review on interactions and control by carbonate chemistry. Am Zool 39:160–183 CrossRef Gattuso J-P, Allemand D, Frankignoulle M (1999) Photosynthesis and calcification at cellular, organismal and community levels in coral reefs: a review on interactions and control by carbonate chemistry. Am Zool 39:160–183 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Gegner HM, Ziegler M, Rädecker N, Buitrago-López C, Aranda M, Voolstra CR (2017) High salinity conveys thermotolerance in the coral model Aiptasia. Biol Open 6:1943–1948 CrossRef Gegner HM, Ziegler M, Rädecker N, Buitrago-López C, Aranda M, Voolstra CR (2017) High salinity conveys thermotolerance in the coral model Aiptasia. Biol Open 6:1943–1948 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Gilmour JP, Smith LD, Heyward AJ, Baird AH, Pratchett MS (2013) Recovery of an isolated coral reef system following severe disturbance. Science 340:69–71 CrossRef Gilmour JP, Smith LD, Heyward AJ, Baird AH, Pratchett MS (2013) Recovery of an isolated coral reef system following severe disturbance. Science 340:69–71 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Gilmour JP, Underwood JN, Howells EJ, Gates E, Heyward AJ (2016) Biannual spawning and temporal reproductive isolation in Acropora corals. PLoS One 11:e0150916 CrossRef Gilmour JP, Underwood JN, Howells EJ, Gates E, Heyward AJ (2016) Biannual spawning and temporal reproductive isolation in Acropora corals. PLoS One 11:e0150916 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Gladstone W (1996) Unique annual aggregation of longnose parrotfish ( Hipposcarus harid) at Farasan Island (Saudi Arabia, Red Sea). Copeia 1996:483–485 Gladstone W (1996) Unique annual aggregation of longnose parrotfish ( Hipposcarus harid) at Farasan Island (Saudi Arabia, Red Sea). Copeia 1996:483–485
Zurück zum Zitat Glynn PW, Riegl B, Purkis S, Kerr JM, Smith TB (2015) Coral reef recovery in the Galápagos Islands: the northernmost islands (Darwin and Wenman). Coral Reefs 34:421–436 CrossRef Glynn PW, Riegl B, Purkis S, Kerr JM, Smith TB (2015) Coral reef recovery in the Galápagos Islands: the northernmost islands (Darwin and Wenman). Coral Reefs 34:421–436 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Goreau TF, Goreau NI (1959) The physiology of skeleton formation in corals. II. Calcium deposition by hermatypic corals under various conditions in the reef. Biol Bull 117:239–250 CrossRef Goreau TF, Goreau NI (1959) The physiology of skeleton formation in corals. II. Calcium deposition by hermatypic corals under various conditions in the reef. Biol Bull 117:239–250 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Grottoli AG, Rodrigues LJ, Palardy JE (2006) Heterotrophic plasticity and resilience in bleached corals. Nature 440:1186–1189 CrossRef Grottoli AG, Rodrigues LJ, Palardy JE (2006) Heterotrophic plasticity and resilience in bleached corals. Nature 440:1186–1189 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Grover R, Maguer JF, Reynaud-Vaganay S, Ferrier-Pages C (2002) Uptake of ammonium by the scleractinian coral Stylophora pistillata: effect of feeding, light, and ammonium concentrations. Limnol Oceanogr 47:782–790 CrossRef Grover R, Maguer JF, Reynaud-Vaganay S, Ferrier-Pages C (2002) Uptake of ammonium by the scleractinian coral Stylophora pistillata: effect of feeding, light, and ammonium concentrations. Limnol Oceanogr 47:782–790 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Grover R, Maguer J-F, Allemand D, Ferrier-Pages C (2003) Nitrate uptake in the scleractinian coral Stylophora pistillata. Limnol Oceanogr 48:2266–2274 CrossRef Grover R, Maguer J-F, Allemand D, Ferrier-Pages C (2003) Nitrate uptake in the scleractinian coral Stylophora pistillata. Limnol Oceanogr 48:2266–2274 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Guest JR, Baird AH, Goh BPL, Chou LM (2012) Sexual systems in scleractinian corals: an unusual pattern in the reef-building species Diploastrea heliopora. Coral Reefs 31:705–713 CrossRef Guest JR, Baird AH, Goh BPL, Chou LM (2012) Sexual systems in scleractinian corals: an unusual pattern in the reef-building species Diploastrea heliopora. Coral Reefs 31:705–713 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Haas AF, Wild C (2010) Composition analysis of organic matter released by cosmopolitan coral reef-associated green algae. Aquat Biol 10:131–138 CrossRef Haas AF, Wild C (2010) Composition analysis of organic matter released by cosmopolitan coral reef-associated green algae. Aquat Biol 10:131–138 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Hanafy MH, Aamer MA, Habib M, Rouphael AB, Baird AH (2010) Synchronous reproduction of corals in the Red Sea. Coral Reefs 29:119–124 CrossRef Hanafy MH, Aamer MA, Habib M, Rouphael AB, Baird AH (2010) Synchronous reproduction of corals in the Red Sea. Coral Reefs 29:119–124 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Hanna RG, Muir GL (1990) Red Sea corals as biomonitors of trace metal pollution. Environ Monit Assess 14:211–222 CrossRef Hanna RG, Muir GL (1990) Red Sea corals as biomonitors of trace metal pollution. Environ Monit Assess 14:211–222 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Hansen T (1964) Arabia Felix. The Danish expedition of 1761–1767. Collins, London Hansen T (1964) Arabia Felix. The Danish expedition of 1761–1767. Collins, London
Zurück zum Zitat Harland AD, Navarro JC, Spencer Davies P, Fixter LM (1993) Lipids of some Caribbean and Red Sea corals: total lipid, wax esters, triglycerides and fatty acids. Mar Biol 117:113–117 CrossRef Harland AD, Navarro JC, Spencer Davies P, Fixter LM (1993) Lipids of some Caribbean and Red Sea corals: total lipid, wax esters, triglycerides and fatty acids. Mar Biol 117:113–117 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Harrison P, Wallace C (1990) Reproduction, dispersal and recruitment of scleractinian corals. In: Dubinsky Z (ed) Ecosystems of the world. Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp 133–207 Harrison P, Wallace C (1990) Reproduction, dispersal and recruitment of scleractinian corals. In: Dubinsky Z (ed) Ecosystems of the world. Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp 133–207
Zurück zum Zitat Hatcher BG (1990) Coral reef primary productivity: a hierarchy of pattern and process. Trends Ecol Evol 5:149–155 CrossRef Hatcher BG (1990) Coral reef primary productivity: a hierarchy of pattern and process. Trends Ecol Evol 5:149–155 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Head SM (1987) Introduction. In: Edwards AJ, Head SM (eds) Red Sea. Pergamon Press & International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources, Oxford, pp 1–21 Head SM (1987) Introduction. In: Edwards AJ, Head SM (eds) Red Sea. Pergamon Press & International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources, Oxford, pp 1–21
Zurück zum Zitat Hibino K, van Woesik R (2000) Spatial differences and seasonal changes of net carbonate accumulation on some coral reefs of the Ryukyu Islands, Japan. J Exp Mar Biol Ecol 252:1–14 CrossRef Hibino K, van Woesik R (2000) Spatial differences and seasonal changes of net carbonate accumulation on some coral reefs of the Ryukyu Islands, Japan. J Exp Mar Biol Ecol 252:1–14 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Hoegh-Guldberg O (1999) Climate change, coral bleaching and the future of the world’s coral reefs. Mar Freshw Res 50:839–866 CrossRef Hoegh-Guldberg O (1999) Climate change, coral bleaching and the future of the world’s coral reefs. Mar Freshw Res 50:839–866 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Hoegh-Guldberg O, McCloskey LR, Muscatine L (1987) Expulsion of zooxanthellae by symbiotic cnidarians from the Red Sea. Coral Reefs 5:201–204 CrossRef Hoegh-Guldberg O, McCloskey LR, Muscatine L (1987) Expulsion of zooxanthellae by symbiotic cnidarians from the Red Sea. Coral Reefs 5:201–204 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Hooper LV, Littman DR, Macpherson AJ (2012) Interactions between the microbiota and the immune system. Science 336:1268–1273 CrossRef Hooper LV, Littman DR, Macpherson AJ (2012) Interactions between the microbiota and the immune system. Science 336:1268–1273 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Houlbrèque F, Ferrier-Pagès C (2009) Heterotrophy in tropical scleractinian corals. Biol Rev 84:1–17 CrossRef Houlbrèque F, Ferrier-Pagès C (2009) Heterotrophy in tropical scleractinian corals. Biol Rev 84:1–17 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Hoytema N, Bednarz VN, Cardini U, Naumann MS, Al-Horani FA, Wild C (2016) The influence of seasonality on benthic primary production in a Red Sea coral reef. Mar Biol 163:1–14 CrossRef Hoytema N, Bednarz VN, Cardini U, Naumann MS, Al-Horani FA, Wild C (2016) The influence of seasonality on benthic primary production in a Red Sea coral reef. Mar Biol 163:1–14 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Hume BCC, Voolstra CR, Arif C, D’Angelo C, Burt JA, Eyal G, Loya Y, Wiedenmann J (2016) Ancestral genetic diversity associated with the rapid spread of stress-tolerant coral symbionts in response to Holocene climate change. Proc Natl Acad Sci 113:4416–4421 CrossRef Hume BCC, Voolstra CR, Arif C, D’Angelo C, Burt JA, Eyal G, Loya Y, Wiedenmann J (2016) Ancestral genetic diversity associated with the rapid spread of stress-tolerant coral symbionts in response to Holocene climate change. Proc Natl Acad Sci 113:4416–4421 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Iglesias-Prieto R, Beltran VH, LaJeunesse TC, Reyes-Bonilla H, Thome PE (2004) Different algal symbionts explain the vertical distribution of dominant reef corals in the eastern Pacific. Proc R Soc Lond Ser B Biol Sci 271:1757–1763 CrossRef Iglesias-Prieto R, Beltran VH, LaJeunesse TC, Reyes-Bonilla H, Thome PE (2004) Different algal symbionts explain the vertical distribution of dominant reef corals in the eastern Pacific. Proc R Soc Lond Ser B Biol Sci 271:1757–1763 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Johannes RE, Coles SL, Kuenzel NT (1970) The role of zooplankton in the nutrition of some scleractinian corals. Limnol Oceanogr 15:579–586 CrossRef Johannes RE, Coles SL, Kuenzel NT (1970) The role of zooplankton in the nutrition of some scleractinian corals. Limnol Oceanogr 15:579–586 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Kahng SE, Hochberg EJ, Apprill A, Wagner D, Luck DG, Perez D, Bidigare RR (2012) Efficient light harvesting in deep-water zooxanthellate corals. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 455:65–77 CrossRef Kahng SE, Hochberg EJ, Apprill A, Wagner D, Luck DG, Perez D, Bidigare RR (2012) Efficient light harvesting in deep-water zooxanthellate corals. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 455:65–77 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Kahng SE, Copus JM, Wagner D (2014) Recent advances in the ecology of mesophotic coral ecosystems (MCEs). Curr Opin Environ Sustain 7:72–81 CrossRef Kahng SE, Copus JM, Wagner D (2014) Recent advances in the ecology of mesophotic coral ecosystems (MCEs). Curr Opin Environ Sustain 7:72–81 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Kaniewska P, Magnusson SH, Anthony KRN, Reef R, Kühl M, Hoegh-Guldberg O (2011) Importance of macro-versus microstructure in modulating light levels inside coral colonies. J Phycol 47:846–860 CrossRef Kaniewska P, Magnusson SH, Anthony KRN, Reef R, Kühl M, Hoegh-Guldberg O (2011) Importance of macro-versus microstructure in modulating light levels inside coral colonies. J Phycol 47:846–860 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Kaniewska P, Alon S, Karako-Lampert S, Hoegh-Guldberg O, Levy O (2015) Signaling cascades and the importance of moonlight in coral broadcast mass spawning. eLife 4:e09991 CrossRef Kaniewska P, Alon S, Karako-Lampert S, Hoegh-Guldberg O, Levy O (2015) Signaling cascades and the importance of moonlight in coral broadcast mass spawning. eLife 4:e09991 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Keeling RF, Körtzinger A, Gruber N (2010) Ocean deoxygenation in a warming world. Annu Rev Mar Sci 2:199–229 CrossRef Keeling RF, Körtzinger A, Gruber N (2010) Ocean deoxygenation in a warming world. Annu Rev Mar Sci 2:199–229 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Keith SA, Maynard JA, Edwards AJ, Guest JR, Bauman AG, van Hooidonk R, Heron SF, Berumen ML, Bouwmeester J, Piromvaragorn S, Rahbek C, Baird AH (2016) Coral mass spawning predicted by rapid seasonal rise in ocean temperature. Proc R Soc Lond Ser B Biol Sci 283(1830):20160011 CrossRef Keith SA, Maynard JA, Edwards AJ, Guest JR, Bauman AG, van Hooidonk R, Heron SF, Berumen ML, Bouwmeester J, Piromvaragorn S, Rahbek C, Baird AH (2016) Coral mass spawning predicted by rapid seasonal rise in ocean temperature. Proc R Soc Lond Ser B Biol Sci 283(1830):20160011 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Kleypas JA, McManus JW, Menez LAB (1999) Environmental limits to coral reef development: where do we draw the line? Am Zool 39:146–159 CrossRef Kleypas JA, McManus JW, Menez LAB (1999) Environmental limits to coral reef development: where do we draw the line? Am Zool 39:146–159 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Kleypas JA, Danabasoglu G, Lough JM (2008) Potential role of the ocean thermostat in determining regional differences in coral reef bleaching events. Geophys Res Lett 35:L03613 CrossRef Kleypas JA, Danabasoglu G, Lough JM (2008) Potential role of the ocean thermostat in determining regional differences in coral reef bleaching events. Geophys Res Lett 35:L03613 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Kopp C, Domart-Coulon I, Escrig S, Humbel BM, Hignette M, Meibom A (2015) Subcellular investigation of photosynthesis-driven carbon assimilation in the symbiotic reef coral Pocillopora damicornis. MBio 6:e02299–e02214 CrossRef Kopp C, Domart-Coulon I, Escrig S, Humbel BM, Hignette M, Meibom A (2015) Subcellular investigation of photosynthesis-driven carbon assimilation in the symbiotic reef coral Pocillopora damicornis. MBio 6:e02299–e02214 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Kotb MMA (2001) Growth rates of three reef-building coral species in the Northern Red Sea, Egypt. Egypt J Aquat Biol Fish 5:165–185 CrossRef Kotb MMA (2001) Growth rates of three reef-building coral species in the Northern Red Sea, Egypt. Egypt J Aquat Biol Fish 5:165–185 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Kramarsky-Winter E, Loya Y (1998) Reproductive strategies of two fungiid corals from the northern Red Sea: environmental constraints? Mar Ecol Prog Ser 174:175–182 CrossRef Kramarsky-Winter E, Loya Y (1998) Reproductive strategies of two fungiid corals from the northern Red Sea: environmental constraints? Mar Ecol Prog Ser 174:175–182 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Krueger T, Horwitz N, Bodin J, Giovani M-E, Escrig S, Meibom A, Fine M (2017) Common reef-building coral in the northern Red Sea resistant to elevated temperature and acidification. R Soc Open Sci 4(5):170038 CrossRef Krueger T, Horwitz N, Bodin J, Giovani M-E, Escrig S, Meibom A, Fine M (2017) Common reef-building coral in the northern Red Sea resistant to elevated temperature and acidification. R Soc Open Sci 4(5):170038 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Kuffner IB, Hickey TD, Morrison JM (2013) Calcification rates of the massive coral Siderastrea siderea and crustose coralline algae along the Florida keys (USA) outer-reef tract. Coral Reefs 32:987–997 CrossRef Kuffner IB, Hickey TD, Morrison JM (2013) Calcification rates of the massive coral Siderastrea siderea and crustose coralline algae along the Florida keys (USA) outer-reef tract. Coral Reefs 32:987–997 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Kürten B, Al-Aidaroos AM, Struck U, Khomayis HS, Gharbawi WY, Sommer U (2014) Influence of environmental gradients on C and N stable isotope ratios in coral reef biota of the Red Sea, Saudi Arabia. J Sea Res 85:379–394 CrossRef Kürten B, Al-Aidaroos AM, Struck U, Khomayis HS, Gharbawi WY, Sommer U (2014) Influence of environmental gradients on C and N stable isotope ratios in coral reef biota of the Red Sea, Saudi Arabia. J Sea Res 85:379–394 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Lampert-Karako S, Stambler N, Katcoff DJ, Achituv Y, Dubinsky Z, Simon-Blecher N (2008) Effects of depth and eutrophication on the zooxanthella clades of Stylophora pistillata from the Gulf of Eilat (Red Sea). Aquat Conserv Mar Freshwat Ecosyst 18:1039–1045 CrossRef Lampert-Karako S, Stambler N, Katcoff DJ, Achituv Y, Dubinsky Z, Simon-Blecher N (2008) Effects of depth and eutrophication on the zooxanthella clades of Stylophora pistillata from the Gulf of Eilat (Red Sea). Aquat Conserv Mar Freshwat Ecosyst 18:1039–1045 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Lin S, Cheng S, Song B, Zhong X, Lin X, Li W, Li L, Zhang Y, Zhang H, Ji Z, Cai M, Zhuang Y, Shi X, Lin L, Wang L, Wang Z, Liu X, Yu S, Zeng P, Hao H, Zou Q, Chen C, Li Y, Wang Y, Xu C, Meng S, Xu X, Wang J, Yang H, Campbell DA, Sturm NR, Dagenais-Bellefeuille S, Morse D (2015) The Symbiodinium kawagutii genome illuminates dinoflagellate gene expression and coral symbiosis. Science 350:691–694 CrossRef Lin S, Cheng S, Song B, Zhong X, Lin X, Li W, Li L, Zhang Y, Zhang H, Ji Z, Cai M, Zhuang Y, Shi X, Lin L, Wang L, Wang Z, Liu X, Yu S, Zeng P, Hao H, Zou Q, Chen C, Li Y, Wang Y, Xu C, Meng S, Xu X, Wang J, Yang H, Campbell DA, Sturm NR, Dagenais-Bellefeuille S, Morse D (2015) The Symbiodinium kawagutii genome illuminates dinoflagellate gene expression and coral symbiosis. Science 350:691–694 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Lough JM, Barnes DJ (2000) Environmental controls on growth of the massive coral Porites. J Exp Mar Biol Ecol 245:225–243 CrossRef Lough JM, Barnes DJ (2000) Environmental controls on growth of the massive coral Porites. J Exp Mar Biol Ecol 245:225–243 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Loya Y, Kramarsky-Winter E (2003) In situ eutrophication caused by fish farms in the northern Gulf of Eilat (Aqaba) is beneficial for its coral reefs: a critique. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 261:299–303 CrossRef Loya Y, Kramarsky-Winter E (2003) In situ eutrophication caused by fish farms in the northern Gulf of Eilat (Aqaba) is beneficial for its coral reefs: a critique. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 261:299–303 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Loya Y, Lubinevsky H, Rosenfeld M, Kramarsky-Winter E (2004) Nutrient enrichment caused by in situ fish farms at Eilat, Red Sea is detrimental to coral reproduction. Mar Pollut Bull 49:344–353 CrossRef Loya Y, Lubinevsky H, Rosenfeld M, Kramarsky-Winter E (2004) Nutrient enrichment caused by in situ fish farms at Eilat, Red Sea is detrimental to coral reproduction. Mar Pollut Bull 49:344–353 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Loya Y, Rosenfeld M, Kramarsky-Winter E (2005) Nutrient enrichment and coral reproduction: empty vessels make the most sound (response to a critique by B. Rinkevich). Mar Pollut Bull 50:114–118 CrossRef Loya Y, Rosenfeld M, Kramarsky-Winter E (2005) Nutrient enrichment and coral reproduction: empty vessels make the most sound (response to a critique by B. Rinkevich). Mar Pollut Bull 50:114–118 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Macdonald AH, Sampayo E, Ridgway T, Schleyer M (2008) Latitudinal symbiont zonation in Stylophora pistillata from Southeast Africa. Mar Biol 154:209–217 CrossRef Macdonald AH, Sampayo E, Ridgway T, Schleyer M (2008) Latitudinal symbiont zonation in Stylophora pistillata from Southeast Africa. Mar Biol 154:209–217 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Marenzeller EV (1907) Expedition SM Schiff “Pola” in das Rote Meer, nördliche und südliche Hälfte 1895 Marenzeller EV (1907) Expedition SM Schiff “Pola” in das Rote Meer, nördliche und südliche Hälfte 1895
Zurück zum Zitat Markell DA, Trench RK (1993) Macromolecules exuded by symbiotic dinoflagellates in culture: amino acids and sugar composition. J Phycol 29:64–68 CrossRef Markell DA, Trench RK (1993) Macromolecules exuded by symbiotic dinoflagellates in culture: amino acids and sugar composition. J Phycol 29:64–68 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Marshall AT, Clode P (2004) Calcification rate and the effect of temperature in a zooxanthellate and an azooxanthellate scleractinian reef coral. Coral Reefs 23:218–224 Marshall AT, Clode P (2004) Calcification rate and the effect of temperature in a zooxanthellate and an azooxanthellate scleractinian reef coral. Coral Reefs 23:218–224
Zurück zum Zitat Mass T, Einbinder S, Brokovich E, Shashar N, Vago R, Erez J, Dubinsky Z (2007) Photoacclimation of Stylophora pistillata to light extremes: metabolism and calcification. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 334:93–102 CrossRef Mass T, Einbinder S, Brokovich E, Shashar N, Vago R, Erez J, Dubinsky Z (2007) Photoacclimation of Stylophora pistillata to light extremes: metabolism and calcification. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 334:93–102 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat van der Merwe R, Röthig T, Voolstra CR, Ochsenkühn MA, Lattemann S, Amy GL (2014) High salinity tolerance of the Red Sea coral Fungia granulosa under desalination concentrate discharge conditions: an in situ photophysiology experiment. Front Mar Sci 1:58 van der Merwe R, Röthig T, Voolstra CR, Ochsenkühn MA, Lattemann S, Amy GL (2014) High salinity tolerance of the Red Sea coral Fungia granulosa under desalination concentrate discharge conditions: an in situ photophysiology experiment. Front Mar Sci 1:58
Zurück zum Zitat McCloskey LR, Muscatine L (1984) Production and respiration in the Red Sea coral Stylophora pistillata as a function of depth. Proc R Soc Lond Ser B Biol Sci 222:215–230 CrossRef McCloskey LR, Muscatine L (1984) Production and respiration in the Red Sea coral Stylophora pistillata as a function of depth. Proc R Soc Lond Ser B Biol Sci 222:215–230 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat McCulloch M, Falter J, Trotter J, Montagna P (2012) Coral resilience to ocean acidification and global warming through pH up-regulation. Nat Clim Chang 2:623–627 CrossRef McCulloch M, Falter J, Trotter J, Montagna P (2012) Coral resilience to ocean acidification and global warming through pH up-regulation. Nat Clim Chang 2:623–627 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat McFall-Ngai M, Hadfield MG, Bosch TCG, Carey HV, Domazet-Lošo T, Douglas AE, Dubilier N, Eberl G, Fukami T, Gilbert SF, Hentschel U, King N, Kjelleberg S, Knoll AH, Kremer N, Mazmanian SK, Metcalf JL, Nealson K, Pierce NE, Rawls JF, Reid A, Ruby EG, Rumpho M, Sanders JG, Tautz D, Wernegreen JJ (2013) Animals in a bacterial world, a new imperative for the life sciences. Proc Natl Acad Sci 110:3229–3236 CrossRef McFall-Ngai M, Hadfield MG, Bosch TCG, Carey HV, Domazet-Lošo T, Douglas AE, Dubilier N, Eberl G, Fukami T, Gilbert SF, Hentschel U, King N, Kjelleberg S, Knoll AH, Kremer N, Mazmanian SK, Metcalf JL, Nealson K, Pierce NE, Rawls JF, Reid A, Ruby EG, Rumpho M, Sanders JG, Tautz D, Wernegreen JJ (2013) Animals in a bacterial world, a new imperative for the life sciences. Proc Natl Acad Sci 110:3229–3236 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Mohamed T, Kotb M, Ghobashy A, Deek M (2007) Reproduction and growth rate of two scleractinian coral species in the northern Red Sea, Egypt. Egypt J Aquat Res 33:70–86 Mohamed T, Kotb M, Ghobashy A, Deek M (2007) Reproduction and growth rate of two scleractinian coral species in the northern Red Sea, Egypt. Egypt J Aquat Res 33:70–86
Zurück zum Zitat Monroe A, Ziegler M, Roik A, Röthig T, Hardestine R, Emms M, Jensen T, Voolstra CR, Berumen M (2018) In situ observations of coral bleaching in the central Saudi Arabian Red Sea during the 2015/2016 global coral bleaching event. PLoS One 13(4):e0195814 CrossRef Monroe A, Ziegler M, Roik A, Röthig T, Hardestine R, Emms M, Jensen T, Voolstra CR, Berumen M (2018) In situ observations of coral bleaching in the central Saudi Arabian Red Sea during the 2015/2016 global coral bleaching event. PLoS One 13(4):e0195814 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Moran NA, Yun Y (2015) Experimental replacement of an obligate insect symbiont. Proc Natl Acad Sci 112:2093–2096 CrossRef Moran NA, Yun Y (2015) Experimental replacement of an obligate insect symbiont. Proc Natl Acad Sci 112:2093–2096 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Muscatine L (1990) The role of symbiotic algae in carbon and energy flux in reef corals. In: Dubinsky Z (ed) Ecosystems of the world. Coral reefs. Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp 75–87 Muscatine L (1990) The role of symbiotic algae in carbon and energy flux in reef corals. In: Dubinsky Z (ed) Ecosystems of the world. Coral reefs. Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp 75–87
Zurück zum Zitat Muscatine L, Porter JW (1977) Reef corals: mutualistic symbioses adapted to nutrient-poor environments. Bioscience 27:454–460 CrossRef Muscatine L, Porter JW (1977) Reef corals: mutualistic symbioses adapted to nutrient-poor environments. Bioscience 27:454–460 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Naumann MS, Richter C, Mott C, El-Zibdah M, Manasrah R, Wild C (2012) Budget of coral-derived organic carbon in a fringing coral reef of the Gulf of Aqaba, Red Sea. J Mar Syst 105-108:20–29 CrossRef Naumann MS, Richter C, Mott C, El-Zibdah M, Manasrah R, Wild C (2012) Budget of coral-derived organic carbon in a fringing coral reef of the Gulf of Aqaba, Red Sea. J Mar Syst 105-108:20–29 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Naumann MS, Orejas C, Ferrier-Pagès C (2014) Species-specific physiological response by the cold-water corals Lophelia pertusa and Madrepora oculata to variations within their natural temperature range. Deep-Sea Res II Top Stud Oceanogr 99:36–41 CrossRef Naumann MS, Orejas C, Ferrier-Pagès C (2014) Species-specific physiological response by the cold-water corals Lophelia pertusa and Madrepora oculata to variations within their natural temperature range. Deep-Sea Res II Top Stud Oceanogr 99:36–41 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Neave MJ, Michell CT, Apprill A, Voolstra CR (2014) Whole-genome sequences of three symbiotic Endozoicomonas strains. Genome Announc 2:e00802–e00814 CrossRef Neave MJ, Michell CT, Apprill A, Voolstra CR (2014) Whole-genome sequences of three symbiotic Endozoicomonas strains. Genome Announc 2:e00802–e00814 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Neave MJ, Michell CT, Apprill A, Voolstra CR (2017) Endozoicomonas genomes reveal functional adaptation and plasticity in bacterial strains symbiotically associated with diverse marine hosts. Sci Rep 7:40579 CrossRef Neave MJ, Michell CT, Apprill A, Voolstra CR (2017) Endozoicomonas genomes reveal functional adaptation and plasticity in bacterial strains symbiotically associated with diverse marine hosts. Sci Rep 7:40579 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Nir O, Gruber DF, Einbinder S, Kark S, Tchernov D (2011) Changes in scleractinian coral Seriatopora hystrix morphology and its endocellular Symbiodinium characteristics along a bathymetric gradient from shallow to mesophotic reef. Coral Reefs 30:1089–1100 CrossRef Nir O, Gruber DF, Einbinder S, Kark S, Tchernov D (2011) Changes in scleractinian coral Seriatopora hystrix morphology and its endocellular Symbiodinium characteristics along a bathymetric gradient from shallow to mesophotic reef. Coral Reefs 30:1089–1100 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Nir O, Gruber DF, Shemesh E, Glasser E, Tchernov D (2014) Seasonal Mesophotic coral bleaching of Stylophora pistillata in the northern Red Sea. PLoS One 9:e84968 CrossRef Nir O, Gruber DF, Shemesh E, Glasser E, Tchernov D (2014) Seasonal Mesophotic coral bleaching of Stylophora pistillata in the northern Red Sea. PLoS One 9:e84968 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Ochsenkühn MA, Röthig T, D’Angelo C, Wiedenmann J, Voolstra CR (2017) The role of floridoside in osmoadaptation of coral-associated algal endosymbionts to high-salinity conditions. Sci Adv 3:e1602047 CrossRef Ochsenkühn MA, Röthig T, D’Angelo C, Wiedenmann J, Voolstra CR (2017) The role of floridoside in osmoadaptation of coral-associated algal endosymbionts to high-salinity conditions. Sci Adv 3:e1602047 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Oren OH (1962) The Israel South Red Sea expedition. Nature 194:1134–1137 CrossRef Oren OH (1962) The Israel South Red Sea expedition. Nature 194:1134–1137 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Osman EO, Smith DJ, Ziegler M, Kürten B, Conrad C, El-Haddad KM, Voolstra CR, Suggett DJ (2018) Thermal refugia against coral bleaching throughout the northern Red Sea. Glob Chang Biol 24:1354–1013 CrossRef Osman EO, Smith DJ, Ziegler M, Kürten B, Conrad C, El-Haddad KM, Voolstra CR, Suggett DJ (2018) Thermal refugia against coral bleaching throughout the northern Red Sea. Glob Chang Biol 24:1354–1013 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Pernice M, Meibom A, Van Den Heuvel A, Kopp C, Domart-Coulon I, Hoegh-Guldberg O, Dove S (2012) A single-cell view of ammonium assimilation in coral-dinoflagellate symbiosis. ISME J 6:1314–1324 CrossRef Pernice M, Meibom A, Van Den Heuvel A, Kopp C, Domart-Coulon I, Hoegh-Guldberg O, Dove S (2012) A single-cell view of ammonium assimilation in coral-dinoflagellate symbiosis. ISME J 6:1314–1324 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Pogoreutz C, Rädecker N, Cárdenas A, Gärdes A, Voolstra CR, Wild C (2017) Sugar enrichment provides evidence for a role of nitrogen fixation in coral bleaching. Glob Chang Biol 23:3838–3848 CrossRef Pogoreutz C, Rädecker N, Cárdenas A, Gärdes A, Voolstra CR, Wild C (2017) Sugar enrichment provides evidence for a role of nitrogen fixation in coral bleaching. Glob Chang Biol 23:3838–3848 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Pogoreutz C, Rädecker N, Cárdenas A, Gärdes A, Wild C, Voolstra CR (2018) Dominance of Endozoicomonas bacteria throughout coral bleaching and mortality suggests structural inflexibility of the Pocillopora verrucosa microbiome. Ecol Evol 8:2240–2252 Pogoreutz C, Rädecker N, Cárdenas A, Gärdes A, Wild C, Voolstra CR (2018) Dominance of Endozoicomonas bacteria throughout coral bleaching and mortality suggests structural inflexibility of the Pocillopora verrucosa microbiome. Ecol Evol 8:2240–2252
Zurück zum Zitat Pörtner HO (2002) Climate variations and the physiological basis of temperature dependent biogeography: systemic to molecular hierarchy of thermal tolerance in animals. Comp Biochem Physiol A Mol Integr Physiol 132:739–761 CrossRef Pörtner HO (2002) Climate variations and the physiological basis of temperature dependent biogeography: systemic to molecular hierarchy of thermal tolerance in animals. Comp Biochem Physiol A Mol Integr Physiol 132:739–761 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Pörtner H-O (2010) Oxygen- and capacity-limitation of thermal tolerance: a matrix for integrating climate-related stressor effects in marine ecosystems. J Exp Biol 213:881–893 CrossRef Pörtner H-O (2010) Oxygen- and capacity-limitation of thermal tolerance: a matrix for integrating climate-related stressor effects in marine ecosystems. J Exp Biol 213:881–893 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Price ARG, Jobbins G, Shepherd ARD, Ormond RFG (1998) An integrated environmental assessment of the Red Sea coast of Saudi Arabia. Environ Conserv 25:65–76 CrossRef Price ARG, Jobbins G, Shepherd ARD, Ormond RFG (1998) An integrated environmental assessment of the Red Sea coast of Saudi Arabia. Environ Conserv 25:65–76 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Qurban MA, Krishnakumar PK, Joydas TV, Manikandan KP, Ashraf TTM, Quadri SI, Wafar M, Qasem A, Cairns SD (2014) In-situ observation of deep water corals in the northern Red Sea waters of Saudi Arabia. Deep-Sea Res I Oceanogr Res Pap 89:35–43 CrossRef Qurban MA, Krishnakumar PK, Joydas TV, Manikandan KP, Ashraf TTM, Quadri SI, Wafar M, Qasem A, Cairns SD (2014) In-situ observation of deep water corals in the northern Red Sea waters of Saudi Arabia. Deep-Sea Res I Oceanogr Res Pap 89:35–43 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Rädecker N, Pogoreutz C, Voolstra CR, Wiedenmann J, Wild C (2015) Nitrogen cycling in corals: the key to understanding holobiont functioning? Trends Microbiol 23:490–497 CrossRef Rädecker N, Pogoreutz C, Voolstra CR, Wiedenmann J, Wild C (2015) Nitrogen cycling in corals: the key to understanding holobiont functioning? Trends Microbiol 23:490–497 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Raitsos DE, Hoteit I, Prihartato PK, Chronis T, Triantafyllou G, Abualnaja Y (2011) Abrupt warming of the Red Sea. Geophys Res Lett 38:L14601 CrossRef Raitsos DE, Hoteit I, Prihartato PK, Chronis T, Triantafyllou G, Abualnaja Y (2011) Abrupt warming of the Red Sea. Geophys Res Lett 38:L14601 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Raitsos DE, Pradhan Y, Brewin RJ, Stenchikov G, Hoteit I (2013) Remote sensing the phytoplankton seasonal succession of the Red Sea. PLoS One 8:e64909 CrossRef Raitsos DE, Pradhan Y, Brewin RJ, Stenchikov G, Hoteit I (2013) Remote sensing the phytoplankton seasonal succession of the Red Sea. PLoS One 8:e64909 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Reaka-Kudla ML (1997) Global biodiversity of coral reefs: a comparison with rainforests. In: Reaka-Kudla ML, Wilson DE (eds) Biodiversity II: understanding and protecting our biological resources. Joseph Henry Press, Washington, DC, pp 83–108 Reaka-Kudla ML (1997) Global biodiversity of coral reefs: a comparison with rainforests. In: Reaka-Kudla ML, Wilson DE (eds) Biodiversity II: understanding and protecting our biological resources. Joseph Henry Press, Washington, DC, pp 83–108
Zurück zum Zitat Reshef L, Koren O, Loya Y, Zilber-Rosenberg I, Rosenberg E (2006) The coral probiotic hypothesis. Environ Microbiol 8:2068–2073 CrossRef Reshef L, Koren O, Loya Y, Zilber-Rosenberg I, Rosenberg E (2006) The coral probiotic hypothesis. Environ Microbiol 8:2068–2073 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Rinkevich B (2005) Nutrient enrichment and coral reproduction: between truth and repose (a critique of Loya et al.). Mar Pollut Bull 50:111–113. author reply 114–118 CrossRef Rinkevich B (2005) Nutrient enrichment and coral reproduction: between truth and repose (a critique of Loya et al.). Mar Pollut Bull 50:111–113. author reply 114–118 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Rinkevich B, Loya Y (1979) The reproduction of the Red Sea coral Stylophora pistillata. II. Synchronization in breeding and seasonality of planulae shedding. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 1:145–152 CrossRef Rinkevich B, Loya Y (1979) The reproduction of the Red Sea coral Stylophora pistillata. II. Synchronization in breeding and seasonality of planulae shedding. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 1:145–152 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Rinkevich B, Angel D, Shafir S, Bongiorni L (2003) ‘Fair is foul and foul is fair’: response to a critique. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 261:305–309 Rinkevich B, Angel D, Shafir S, Bongiorni L (2003) ‘Fair is foul and foul is fair’: response to a critique. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 261:305–309
Zurück zum Zitat Roberts CM, McClean CJ, Veron JE, Hawkins JP, Allen GR, McAllister DE, Mittermeier CG, Schueler FW, Spalding M, Wells F, Vynne C, Werner TB (2002) Marine biodiversity hotspots and conservation priorities for tropical reefs. Science 295:1280–1284 CrossRef Roberts CM, McClean CJ, Veron JE, Hawkins JP, Allen GR, McAllister DE, Mittermeier CG, Schueler FW, Spalding M, Wells F, Vynne C, Werner TB (2002) Marine biodiversity hotspots and conservation priorities for tropical reefs. Science 295:1280–1284 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Roberts JM, Wheeler AJ, Freiwald A (2006) Reefs of the deep: the biology and geology of cold-water coral ecosystems. Science 312:543–547 CrossRef Roberts JM, Wheeler AJ, Freiwald A (2006) Reefs of the deep: the biology and geology of cold-water coral ecosystems. Science 312:543–547 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Robitzch V, Banguera-Hinestroza E, Sawall Y, Al-Sofyani A, Voolstra CR (2015) Absence of genetic differentiation in the coral Pocillopora verrucosa along environmental gradients of the Saudi Arabian Red Sea. Front Mar Sci 2:5 CrossRef Robitzch V, Banguera-Hinestroza E, Sawall Y, Al-Sofyani A, Voolstra CR (2015) Absence of genetic differentiation in the coral Pocillopora verrucosa along environmental gradients of the Saudi Arabian Red Sea. Front Mar Sci 2:5 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Roder C, Berumen ML, Bouwmeester J, Papathanassiou E, Al-Suwailem A, Voolstra CR (2013) First biological measurements of deep-sea corals from the Red Sea. Sci Rep 3:2802 CrossRef Roder C, Berumen ML, Bouwmeester J, Papathanassiou E, Al-Suwailem A, Voolstra CR (2013) First biological measurements of deep-sea corals from the Red Sea. Sci Rep 3:2802 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Roder C, Bayer T, Aranda M, Kruse M, Voolstra CR (2015) Microbiome structure of the fungid coral Ctenactis echinata aligns with environmental differences. Mol Ecol 24:3501–3511 CrossRef Roder C, Bayer T, Aranda M, Kruse M, Voolstra CR (2015) Microbiome structure of the fungid coral Ctenactis echinata aligns with environmental differences. Mol Ecol 24:3501–3511 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Rohwer F, Seguritan V, Azam F, Knowlton N (2002) Diversity and distribution of coral-associated bacteria. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 243:1–10 CrossRef Rohwer F, Seguritan V, Azam F, Knowlton N (2002) Diversity and distribution of coral-associated bacteria. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 243:1–10 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Roik A, Roder C, Röthig T, Voolstra CR (2015a) Spatial and seasonal reef calcification in corals and calcareous crusts in the Central Red Sea. Coral Reefs 35(2):1–13 Roik A, Roder C, Röthig T, Voolstra CR (2015a) Spatial and seasonal reef calcification in corals and calcareous crusts in the Central Red Sea. Coral Reefs 35(2):1–13
Zurück zum Zitat Roik A, Röthig T, Ziegler M, Voolstra CR (2015b) Coral bleaching event in the central Red Sea. Mideast Coral Reef Soc Newsl 3:3 Roik A, Röthig T, Ziegler M, Voolstra CR (2015b) Coral bleaching event in the central Red Sea. Mideast Coral Reef Soc Newsl 3:3
Zurück zum Zitat Roik A, Röthig T, Roder C, Müller PJ, Voolstra CR (2015c) Captive rearing of the deep-sea coral Eguchipsammia fistula from the Red Sea demonstrates remarkable physiological plasticity. PeerJ 3:e734 Roik A, Röthig T, Roder C, Müller PJ, Voolstra CR (2015c) Captive rearing of the deep-sea coral Eguchipsammia fistula from the Red Sea demonstrates remarkable physiological plasticity. PeerJ 3:e734
Zurück zum Zitat Roik A, Röthig T, Roder C, Ziegler M, Kremb SG, Voolstra CR (2016) Year-long monitoring of physico-chemical and biological variables provide a comparative baseline of coral reef functioning in the Central Red Sea. PLoS One 11:e0163939 CrossRef Roik A, Röthig T, Roder C, Ziegler M, Kremb SG, Voolstra CR (2016) Year-long monitoring of physico-chemical and biological variables provide a comparative baseline of coral reef functioning in the Central Red Sea. PLoS One 11:e0163939 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Roik A, Röthig T, Pogoreutz C, Saderne V, Voolstra CR (2018) Coral reef carbonate budgets and ecological drivers in the central Red Sea – a naturally high temperature and high total alkalinity environment. Biogeosciences 15:6277–6296 CrossRef Roik A, Röthig T, Pogoreutz C, Saderne V, Voolstra CR (2018) Coral reef carbonate budgets and ecological drivers in the central Red Sea – a naturally high temperature and high total alkalinity environment. Biogeosciences 15:6277–6296 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Rosenberg E, Koren O, Reshef L, Efrony R, Zilber-Rosenberg I (2007) The role of microorganisms in coral health, disease and evolution. Nat Rev Microbiol 5:355–362 CrossRef Rosenberg E, Koren O, Reshef L, Efrony R, Zilber-Rosenberg I (2007) The role of microorganisms in coral health, disease and evolution. Nat Rev Microbiol 5:355–362 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Ross CL, Falter JL, Schoepf V, McCulloch MT (2015) Perennial growth of hermatypic corals at Rottnest Island, Western Australia (32°S). PeerJ 3:e781 CrossRef Ross CL, Falter JL, Schoepf V, McCulloch MT (2015) Perennial growth of hermatypic corals at Rottnest Island, Western Australia (32°S). PeerJ 3:e781 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Röthig T, Costa RM, Simona F, Baumgarten S, Torres AF, Radhakrishnan A, Aranda M, Voolstra CR (2016) Distinct bacterial communities associated with the coral model Aiptasia in aposymbiotic and symbiotic states with Symbiodinium. Front Mar Sci 3:234 CrossRef Röthig T, Costa RM, Simona F, Baumgarten S, Torres AF, Radhakrishnan A, Aranda M, Voolstra CR (2016) Distinct bacterial communities associated with the coral model Aiptasia in aposymbiotic and symbiotic states with Symbiodinium. Front Mar Sci 3:234 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Röthig T, Ochsenkühn MA, Roik A, van der Merwe R, Voolstra CR (2016b) Long-term salinity tolerance is accompanied by major restructuring of the coral bacterial microbiome. Mol Ecol 25(6):1308–1323 CrossRef Röthig T, Ochsenkühn MA, Roik A, van der Merwe R, Voolstra CR (2016b) Long-term salinity tolerance is accompanied by major restructuring of the coral bacterial microbiome. Mol Ecol 25(6):1308–1323 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Röthig T, Yum LK, Kremb SG, Roik A, Voolstra CR (2017) Microbial community composition of deep-sea corals from the Red Sea provides insight into functional adaption to a unique environment. Sci Rep 7:44714 CrossRef Röthig T, Yum LK, Kremb SG, Roik A, Voolstra CR (2017) Microbial community composition of deep-sea corals from the Red Sea provides insight into functional adaption to a unique environment. Sci Rep 7:44714 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Rowan R, Knowlton N (1995) Intraspecific diversity and ecological zonation in coral algal symbiosis. Proc Natl Acad Sci 92:2850–2853 CrossRef Rowan R, Knowlton N (1995) Intraspecific diversity and ecological zonation in coral algal symbiosis. Proc Natl Acad Sci 92:2850–2853 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Sampayo EM, Franceschinis L, Hoegh-Guldberg O, Dove S (2007) Niche partitioning of closely related symbiotic dinoflagellates. Mol Ecol 16:3721–3733 CrossRef Sampayo EM, Franceschinis L, Hoegh-Guldberg O, Dove S (2007) Niche partitioning of closely related symbiotic dinoflagellates. Mol Ecol 16:3721–3733 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Sawall Y, Al-Sofyani A (2015) Biology of Red Sea corals: metabolism, reproduction, acclimatization, and adaptation. In: Rasul MAN, Stewart CFI (eds) The Red Sea: the formation, morphology, oceanography and environment of a young ocean basin. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 487–509 Sawall Y, Al-Sofyani A (2015) Biology of Red Sea corals: metabolism, reproduction, acclimatization, and adaptation. In: Rasul MAN, Stewart CFI (eds) The Red Sea: the formation, morphology, oceanography and environment of a young ocean basin. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 487–509
Zurück zum Zitat Sawall Y, Al-Sofyani A, Banguera-Hinestroza E, Voolstra CR (2014) Spatio-temporal analyses of Symbiodinium physiology of the coral Pocillopora verrucosa along large-scale nutrient and temperature gradients in the Red Sea. PLoS One 9:e103179 CrossRef Sawall Y, Al-Sofyani A, Banguera-Hinestroza E, Voolstra CR (2014) Spatio-temporal analyses of Symbiodinium physiology of the coral Pocillopora verrucosa along large-scale nutrient and temperature gradients in the Red Sea. PLoS One 9:e103179 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Sawall Y, Al-Sofyani A, Hohn S, Banguera-Hinestroza E, Voolstra CR, Wahl M (2015) Extensive phenotypic plasticity of a Red Sea coral over a strong latitudinal temperature gradient suggests limited acclimatization potential to warming. Sci Rep 5:8940 CrossRef Sawall Y, Al-Sofyani A, Hohn S, Banguera-Hinestroza E, Voolstra CR, Wahl M (2015) Extensive phenotypic plasticity of a Red Sea coral over a strong latitudinal temperature gradient suggests limited acclimatization potential to warming. Sci Rep 5:8940 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Schlichter D, Fricke HW, Weber W (1986) Light harvesting by wavelength transformation in a symbiotic coral of the Red Sea twilight zone. Mar Biol 91:403–407 CrossRef Schlichter D, Fricke HW, Weber W (1986) Light harvesting by wavelength transformation in a symbiotic coral of the Red Sea twilight zone. Mar Biol 91:403–407 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Schneider K, Erez J (2006) The effect of carbonate chemistry on calcification and photosynthesis in the hermatypic coral Acropora eurystoma. Limnol Oceanogr 51:1284–1293 CrossRef Schneider K, Erez J (2006) The effect of carbonate chemistry on calcification and photosynthesis in the hermatypic coral Acropora eurystoma. Limnol Oceanogr 51:1284–1293 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Schoepf V, Grottoli AG, Warner ME, Cai W-J, Melman TF, Hoadley KD, Pettay DT, Hu X, Li Q, Xu H, Wang Y, Matsui Y, Baumann JH (2013) Coral energy reserves and calcification in a high-CO 2 world at two temperatures. PLoS One 8:e75049 CrossRef Schoepf V, Grottoli AG, Warner ME, Cai W-J, Melman TF, Hoadley KD, Pettay DT, Hu X, Li Q, Xu H, Wang Y, Matsui Y, Baumann JH (2013) Coral energy reserves and calcification in a high-CO 2 world at two temperatures. PLoS One 8:e75049 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Sheppard C, Price A, Roberts C (1992) Marine ecology of the Arabian region. Academic, London Sheppard C, Price A, Roberts C (1992) Marine ecology of the Arabian region. Academic, London
Zurück zum Zitat Shlesinger Y, Loya Y (1985) Coral community reproductive patterns: red sea versus the Great Barrier Reef. Science 228:1333–1335 CrossRef Shlesinger Y, Loya Y (1985) Coral community reproductive patterns: red sea versus the Great Barrier Reef. Science 228:1333–1335 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Shlesinger Y, Goulet T, Loya Y (1998) Reproductive patterns of scleractinian corals in the northern Red Sea. Mar Biol 132:691–701 CrossRef Shlesinger Y, Goulet T, Loya Y (1998) Reproductive patterns of scleractinian corals in the northern Red Sea. Mar Biol 132:691–701 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Silverman J, Lazar B, Erez J (2007a) Community metabolism of a coral reef exposed to naturally varying dissolved inorganic nutrient loads. Biogeochemistry 84:67–82 CrossRef Silverman J, Lazar B, Erez J (2007a) Community metabolism of a coral reef exposed to naturally varying dissolved inorganic nutrient loads. Biogeochemistry 84:67–82 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Silverman J, Lazar B, Erez J (2007b) Effect of aragonite saturation, temperature, and nutrients on the community calcification rate of a coral reef. J Geophys Res 112:C05004 Silverman J, Lazar B, Erez J (2007b) Effect of aragonite saturation, temperature, and nutrients on the community calcification rate of a coral reef. J Geophys Res 112:C05004
Zurück zum Zitat Sorek M, Díaz-Almeyda EM, Medina M, Levy O (2014) Circadian clocks in symbiotic corals: the duet between Symbiodinium algae and their coral host. Mar Genomics 14:47–57 CrossRef Sorek M, Díaz-Almeyda EM, Medina M, Levy O (2014) Circadian clocks in symbiotic corals: the duet between Symbiodinium algae and their coral host. Mar Genomics 14:47–57 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Stambler N, Levy O, Vaki L (2008) Photosynthesis and respiration of hermatypic zooxanthellate Red Sea corals from 5-75-m depth. Isr J Plant Sci 56:45–53 CrossRef Stambler N, Levy O, Vaki L (2008) Photosynthesis and respiration of hermatypic zooxanthellate Red Sea corals from 5-75-m depth. Isr J Plant Sci 56:45–53 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Steiner Z, Erez J, Shemesh A, Yam R, Katz A, Lazar B (2014) Basin-scale estimates of pelagic and coral reef calcification in the Red Sea and Western Indian Ocean. Proc Natl Acad Sci 111:16303–16308 CrossRef Steiner Z, Erez J, Shemesh A, Yam R, Katz A, Lazar B (2014) Basin-scale estimates of pelagic and coral reef calcification in the Red Sea and Western Indian Ocean. Proc Natl Acad Sci 111:16303–16308 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Sweeney AM, Boch CA, Johnsen S, Morse DE (2011) Twilight spectral dynamics and the coral reef invertebrate spawning response. J Exp Biol 214:770–777 CrossRef Sweeney AM, Boch CA, Johnsen S, Morse DE (2011) Twilight spectral dynamics and the coral reef invertebrate spawning response. J Exp Biol 214:770–777 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Tambutté S, Holcomb M, Ferrier-Pagès C, Reynaud S, Tambutté É, Zoccola D, Allemand D (2011) Coral biomineralization: from the gene to the environment. J Exp Mar Biol Ecol 408:58–78 CrossRef Tambutté S, Holcomb M, Ferrier-Pagès C, Reynaud S, Tambutté É, Zoccola D, Allemand D (2011) Coral biomineralization: from the gene to the environment. J Exp Mar Biol Ecol 408:58–78 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Thiel H (1987) Benthos of the deep Red Sea. In: Edwards AJ, Head SM (eds) Red Sea. Pergamon Press & International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources, Oxford, pp 112–127 CrossRef Thiel H (1987) Benthos of the deep Red Sea. In: Edwards AJ, Head SM (eds) Red Sea. Pergamon Press & International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources, Oxford, pp 112–127 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Todd PA (2008) Morphological plasticity in scleractinian corals. Biol Rev 83:315–337 CrossRef Todd PA (2008) Morphological plasticity in scleractinian corals. Biol Rev 83:315–337 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Tolosa I, Treignier C, Grover R, Ferrier-Pagès C (2011) Impact of feeding and short-term temperature stress on the content and isotopic signature of fatty acids, sterols, and alcohols in the scleractinian coral Turbinaria reniformis. Coral Reefs 30:763–774 CrossRef Tolosa I, Treignier C, Grover R, Ferrier-Pagès C (2011) Impact of feeding and short-term temperature stress on the content and isotopic signature of fatty acids, sterols, and alcohols in the scleractinian coral Turbinaria reniformis. Coral Reefs 30:763–774 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Tremaroli V, Backhed F (2012) Functional interactions between the gut microbiota and host metabolism. Nature 489:242–249 CrossRef Tremaroli V, Backhed F (2012) Functional interactions between the gut microbiota and host metabolism. Nature 489:242–249 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Van Woesik R, Lacharmoise F, Köksal S (2006) Annual cycles of solar insolation predict spawning times of Caribbean corals. Ecol Lett 9:390–398 CrossRef Van Woesik R, Lacharmoise F, Köksal S (2006) Annual cycles of solar insolation predict spawning times of Caribbean corals. Ecol Lett 9:390–398 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Villanueva RD, Yap HT, Montano MNE (2008) Timing of planulation by pocilloporid corals in the northwestern Philippines. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 370:111–119 CrossRef Villanueva RD, Yap HT, Montano MNE (2008) Timing of planulation by pocilloporid corals in the northwestern Philippines. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 370:111–119 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Voolstra CR (2013) A journey into the wild of the cnidarian model system Aiptasia and its symbionts. Mol Ecol 22:4366–4368 CrossRef Voolstra CR (2013) A journey into the wild of the cnidarian model system Aiptasia and its symbionts. Mol Ecol 22:4366–4368 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Voolstra CR, Miller DJ, Ragan MA, Hoffmann A, Hoegh-Guldberg O, Bourne D, Ball E, Ying H, Foret S, Takahashi S, Weynberg KD, van Oppen MJ, Morrow K, Chan CX, Rosic N, Leggat W, Sprungala S, Imelfort M, Tyson GW, Kassahn K, Lundgren P, Beeden R, Ravasi T, Berumen M, Abel E, Fyffe T (2015) The ReFuGe 2020 consortium–using ‘omics’ approaches to explore the adaptability and resilience of coral holobionts to environmental change. Front Mar Sci 2:68 Voolstra CR, Miller DJ, Ragan MA, Hoffmann A, Hoegh-Guldberg O, Bourne D, Ball E, Ying H, Foret S, Takahashi S, Weynberg KD, van Oppen MJ, Morrow K, Chan CX, Rosic N, Leggat W, Sprungala S, Imelfort M, Tyson GW, Kassahn K, Lundgren P, Beeden R, Ravasi T, Berumen M, Abel E, Fyffe T (2015) The ReFuGe 2020 consortium–using ‘omics’ approaches to explore the adaptability and resilience of coral holobionts to environmental change. Front Mar Sci 2:68
Zurück zum Zitat Voolstra CR, Li Y, Liew YJ, Baumgarten S, Zoccola D, Flot J-F, Tambutté S, Allemand D, Aranda M (2017) Comparative analysis of the genomes of Stylophora pistillata and Acropora digitifera provides evidence for extensive differences between species of corals. Sci Rep 7:17583 CrossRef Voolstra CR, Li Y, Liew YJ, Baumgarten S, Zoccola D, Flot J-F, Tambutté S, Allemand D, Aranda M (2017) Comparative analysis of the genomes of Stylophora pistillata and Acropora digitifera provides evidence for extensive differences between species of corals. Sci Rep 7:17583 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Walker DI, Ormond RFG (1982) Coral death from sewage and phosphate pollution at Aqaba, Red Sea. Mar Pollut Bull 13:21–25 CrossRef Walker DI, Ormond RFG (1982) Coral death from sewage and phosphate pollution at Aqaba, Red Sea. Mar Pollut Bull 13:21–25 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Wangpraseurt D, Larkum AW, Ralph PJ, Kühl M (2012) Light gradients and optical microniches in coral tissues. Front Microbiol 3:316 CrossRef Wangpraseurt D, Larkum AW, Ralph PJ, Kühl M (2012) Light gradients and optical microniches in coral tissues. Front Microbiol 3:316 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Weis VM (2008) Cellular mechanisms of cnidarian bleaching: stress causes the collapse of symbiosis. J Exp Biol 211:3059–3066 CrossRef Weis VM (2008) Cellular mechanisms of cnidarian bleaching: stress causes the collapse of symbiosis. J Exp Biol 211:3059–3066 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Weis VM, Davy SK, Hoegh-Guldberg O, Rodriguez-Lanetty M, Pringle JR (2008) Cell biology in model systems as the key to understanding corals. Trends Ecol Evol 23:369–376 CrossRef Weis VM, Davy SK, Hoegh-Guldberg O, Rodriguez-Lanetty M, Pringle JR (2008) Cell biology in model systems as the key to understanding corals. Trends Ecol Evol 23:369–376 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Wild C, Huettel M, Klueter A, Kremb SG, Rasheed MYM, Jorgensen BB (2004) Coral mucus functions as an energy carrier and particle trap in the reef ecosystem. Nature 428:66–70 CrossRef Wild C, Huettel M, Klueter A, Kremb SG, Rasheed MYM, Jorgensen BB (2004) Coral mucus functions as an energy carrier and particle trap in the reef ecosystem. Nature 428:66–70 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Wild C, Niggl W, Naumann M, Haas A (2010) Organic matter release by Red Sea coral reef organisms—potential effects on microbial activity and in situ O 2 availability. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 411:61–71 CrossRef Wild C, Niggl W, Naumann M, Haas A (2010) Organic matter release by Red Sea coral reef organisms—potential effects on microbial activity and in situ O 2 availability. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 411:61–71 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Willis BL, Babcock RC, Harrison PL, Oliver JK, Wallace CC (1985) Patterns in the mass spawning of corals on the Great Barrier Reef from 1981 to 1984, 5th International Coral Reef Symposium, pp 343–348 Willis BL, Babcock RC, Harrison PL, Oliver JK, Wallace CC (1985) Patterns in the mass spawning of corals on the Great Barrier Reef from 1981 to 1984, 5th International Coral Reef Symposium, pp 343–348
Zurück zum Zitat Yum LK, Baumgarten S, Röthig T, Roder C, Roik A, Michell C, Voolstra CR (2017) Transcriptomes and expression profiling of deep-sea corals from the Red Sea provide insight into the biology of azooxanthellate corals. Sci Rep 7:6442 CrossRef Yum LK, Baumgarten S, Röthig T, Roder C, Roik A, Michell C, Voolstra CR (2017) Transcriptomes and expression profiling of deep-sea corals from the Red Sea provide insight into the biology of azooxanthellate corals. Sci Rep 7:6442 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Zakai D, Dubinsky Z, Avishai A, Caaras T, Chadwick NE (2006) Lunar periodicity of planula release in the reef-building coral Stylophora pistillata. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 311:93–102 CrossRef Zakai D, Dubinsky Z, Avishai A, Caaras T, Chadwick NE (2006) Lunar periodicity of planula release in the reef-building coral Stylophora pistillata. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 311:93–102 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Ziegler M, Roder CM, Büchel C, Voolstra CR (2014) Limits to physiological plasticity of the coral Pocillopora verrucosa from the Central Red Sea. Coral Reefs 33:1115–1129 CrossRef Ziegler M, Roder CM, Büchel C, Voolstra CR (2014) Limits to physiological plasticity of the coral Pocillopora verrucosa from the Central Red Sea. Coral Reefs 33:1115–1129 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Ziegler M, Roder C, Büchel C, Voolstra CR (2015a) Niche acclimatization in Red Sea corals is dependent on flexibility of host-symbiont association. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 533:149–161 CrossRef Ziegler M, Roder C, Büchel C, Voolstra CR (2015a) Niche acclimatization in Red Sea corals is dependent on flexibility of host-symbiont association. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 533:149–161 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Ziegler M, Roder CM, Büchel C, Voolstra CR (2015b) Mesophotic coral depth acclimatization is a function of host-specific symbiont physiology. Front Mar Sci 2:4 CrossRef Ziegler M, Roder CM, Büchel C, Voolstra CR (2015b) Mesophotic coral depth acclimatization is a function of host-specific symbiont physiology. Front Mar Sci 2:4 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Ziegler M, Roik A, Porter A, Zubier K, Mudarris MS, Ormond R, Voolstra CR (2016) Coral microbial community dynamics in response to anthropogenic impacts near a major city in the Central Red Sea. Mar Pollut Bull 105:629–640 CrossRef Ziegler M, Roik A, Porter A, Zubier K, Mudarris MS, Ormond R, Voolstra CR (2016) Coral microbial community dynamics in response to anthropogenic impacts near a major city in the Central Red Sea. Mar Pollut Bull 105:629–640 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Ziegler M, Arif C, Burt J, Dobretsov SV, Roder C, LaJeunesse TC, Voolstra CR (2017a) Biogeography and molecular diversity of coral symbionts in the genus Symbiodinium around the Arabian Peninsula. J Biogeogr 44:674–686 CrossRef Ziegler M, Arif C, Burt J, Dobretsov SV, Roder C, LaJeunesse TC, Voolstra CR (2017a) Biogeography and molecular diversity of coral symbionts in the genus Symbiodinium around the Arabian Peninsula. J Biogeogr 44:674–686 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Ziegler M, Seneca FO, Yum LK, Palumbi SR, Voolstra CR (2017b) Bacterial community dynamics are linked to patterns of coral heat tolerance. Nat Commun 8:14213 Ziegler M, Seneca FO, Yum LK, Palumbi SR, Voolstra CR (2017b) Bacterial community dynamics are linked to patterns of coral heat tolerance. Nat Commun 8:14213
Metadaten
Titel
Ecophysiology of Reef-Building Corals in the Red Sea
verfasst von
Maren Ziegler
Anna Roik
Till Röthig
Christian Wild
Nils Rädecker
Jessica Bouwmeester
Christian R. Voolstra
Copyright-Jahr
2019
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-05802-9_3