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That populations of single species in simple environments may exhibit oscillatory patterns over time has been well understood since first being documented experimentally for sheep blowflies by Nicholson (1933) and by Elton (1942) for small mammals in boreal environments. In the latter case, the most famous example is the 4-year cycle of lemmings. Keith (1963) has documented the existence of 10-year cycles for other boreal, fur-bearing mammals, such as muskrats. Of course, the single-species model strictly holds only in a laboratory context.
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- Ecosystems and Economics
J. Barkley Rosser
- Springer New York
- Chapter 8
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