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21.06.2019 | Ausgabe 14/2019

Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics 14/2019

Effect of annealing Co-W-P metallization substrate onto its resin adhesion

Zeitschrift:
Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics > Ausgabe 14/2019
Autoren:
Tomohito Iwashige, Takeshi Endo, Kazuhiko Sugiura, Kazuhiro Tsuruta, Yuichi Sakuma, Seigo Kurosaka, Yukinori Oda, Chuantong Chen, Shijo Nagao, Katsuaki Suganuma
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Abstract

The use of a Co-W-P metallization substrate in SiC power modules is expected to improve high temperature reliability because Co-W-P metallization has been found to induce strong bonding strength to both sintered Ag joints and encapsulation resins. To progress in the development of this technology, the successful applicability of Co-W-P metallization into the module fabrication process is of critical importance. In this paper, the effects of annealing a Co-W-P metallization substrate in the die attach process onto its resin adhesion was studied with representative annealing conditions for Ag sintering. Initially, mild annealing at 200 °C for 1 h was applied and showed strong resin adhesion greater than 15 MPa at 225 °C and an ideal cohesion fracture mode of resin, the same as that found in that of the fresh Co-W-P case. However, more severe annealing resulted in lower resin adhesion. For example, annealing at 280 °C for 1 h resulted in a poor resin adhesion below 15 MPa, as well as a delamination fracture mode between the resin and the Co-W-P metallization. This mechanism was investigated with the use of SEM–EDS and XPS analysis. It was observed that annealing at 200 °C induced a slight oxidization of Co, but Co(OH)2 for the chemical reaction to resin, still remained on the Co-W-P surface. On the other hand, annealing at 280 °C formed an alternative main component (CoO). The shortage of Co(OH)2 on the top surface created by severe oxidization was found to induce poor resin adhesion. The results from this research are significant to future designs and applications of a module fabrication process using Co-W-P metallization substrates, as well as to the fundamental understanding of adhesion behavior on Co-W-P metallization.

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