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17.08.2018 | Ausgabe 9/2018

Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance 9/2018

Effect of Heat Treatment and Combination of Cold Rolling and Heat Treatment on Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of Titanium Alloy Ti6Al2V2Zr1.5Mo

Zeitschrift:
Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance > Ausgabe 9/2018
Autoren:
R. K. Gupta, V. Anil Kumar, Rishi Gaur, Bhavanish Kumar Singh

Abstract

The heat treatment and cold rolling combinations have been carried out on titanium alloy Ti6Al2V2Zr1.5Mo, and microstructure evolution and mechanical behavior have been studied. Solution treatment below the β-transus temperature, followed by air cooling, resulted in higher microhardness/strength as compared to the same with water quenching. A sudden drop in microhardness/strength is observed in sample solution heat-treated above β-transus temperature followed by air cooling. The former is attributed to the additional presence of fine secondary α-phase formed by dynamic aging during air cooling as compared to water-quenched samples which did not have fine secondary α-phase. Solution treatment above β-transus temperature resulted in Widmanstatten microstructure with no significant fine secondary α in air-cooled samples. Among the studied conditions of cold rolling (CR), gain in strength of the alloy from annealed condition is significant with first 15% reduction and thereafter it is marginal for 30% reduction. Initiation of cracks at the edges has been observed in 30% CR. The microstructure of cold-rolled samples confirms the fragmentation of α-plates with the presence of high dislocation density. Heat treatment of cold-rolled samples resulted in significant reduction in strength from the as-cold-rolled conditions. The marginally lower strength than the as-received (annealed) or heat-treated alloy samples is due to the recrystallization in CR samples and the formation of Widmanstatten microstructure in air-cooled samples. The alloy does not have fine secondary α or regions with large dislocation density in this condition. The microstructure in the samples heat-treated (with air cooling) below as well as above β-transus temperature (after CR) is similar to air-cooled samples (without prior CR) with heat treatment above β-transus temperature. This indicates the reduction in recrystallization temperature with cold working, which is substantiated with the reduction in strength as well.

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