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Erschienen in: Journal of Materials Science 23/2021

17.05.2021 | Electronic materials

Effect of heat-treatment mechanism on structural and electromechanical properties of eco-friendly (Bi, Ba)(Fe, Ti)O3 piezoceramics

verfasst von: Fazli Akram, Muhammad Habib, Jihee Bae, Salman Ali Khan, Soo Yong Choi, Tauseef Ahmed, SeungBong Baek, Syed Taj Ud Din, Dong-Hwan Lim, Soon-Jong Jeong, Yeon Soo Sung, Tae Kwon Song, Myong-Ho Kim, Soonil Lee

Erschienen in: Journal of Materials Science | Ausgabe 23/2021

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Abstract

Lead-free piezoelectric ceramics, (Bi0.70Ba0.35)(Fe0.65Ti0.35)O3 (BBFT), were fabricated via a solid-state reaction method and then treated using different heat-treatment processes (furnace cooling, air quenching (AQ), and water quenching). In all these ceramics, the X-ray diffraction analysis revealed morphotropic phase boundaries between the rhombohedral and tetragonal phases. Changes in the average grain size, relative density, and electrical properties in the BBFT–AQ composition were observed. For the optimum BBFT–AQ ceramic, significantly enhanced dynamic (d33* ~ 340 pm/V) and static (d33 ~ 165 pC/N) piezoelectric coefficients were obtained. Moreover, the d33* increased to 40% (d33* ~ 475 pm/V) with increasing temperature from 25 °C to 75 °C upon the application of a 4.0 kV/mm electric field. The related defect states were established by the variation in the transition of Fe3+ to Fe2+ and OV or \(V_{O}^{ \bullet \bullet }\) concentration observed using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy analysis. These factors are directly related to the electromechanical response enhancement in the BBFT piezoceramics. This study provides a paradigm for a deeper analysis of particular scientific heat-treatment mechanisms and the enhancement of functional properties in BBFT ceramics.

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Metadaten
Titel
Effect of heat-treatment mechanism on structural and electromechanical properties of eco-friendly (Bi, Ba)(Fe, Ti)O3 piezoceramics
verfasst von
Fazli Akram
Muhammad Habib
Jihee Bae
Salman Ali Khan
Soo Yong Choi
Tauseef Ahmed
SeungBong Baek
Syed Taj Ud Din
Dong-Hwan Lim
Soon-Jong Jeong
Yeon Soo Sung
Tae Kwon Song
Myong-Ho Kim
Soonil Lee
Publikationsdatum
17.05.2021
Verlag
Springer US
Erschienen in
Journal of Materials Science / Ausgabe 23/2021
Print ISSN: 0022-2461
Elektronische ISSN: 1573-4803
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10853-021-06138-z

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