Weitere Kapitel dieses Buchs durch Wischen aufrufen
One of the common requirements for a communication robot is to be accepted by humans. Previous work has examined the effects of nonverbal factors on people’s perceptions of robots for such a purpose, but always with a focus on dyadic human–robot interaction; in real human society, however, triadic interaction also plays an important role and should be considered. This paper explores a potential merit offered by the latter form of interaction; specifically, how one form of nonverbal interaction occurring between a robot and humans, eye contact, can be utilized to make the robot appear more acceptable to humans. Experiments are conducted with groups of two humans and an android. One of the humans, the “subject,” is asked to communicate with a second person, the “confederate,” who knows the purpose of the experiment; the confederate’s role is to gaze in such a way that the subject either observes or does not observe eye contact between the confederate and the android. A post-interaction questionnaire reveals that subjects’ impressions toward the robot are influenced by eye contact between the confederate and the robot. Finally, the consistency of the experimental results is discussed in terms of Heider’s balance theory, and future extensions of this research are proposed.
Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten
Sie möchten Zugang zu diesem Inhalt erhalten? Dann informieren Sie sich jetzt über unsere Produkte:
Shimada, Michihiro, Yuichiro, Yoshikawa, Mana, Asada, Naoki, Saiwaki, and Hiroshi Ishiguro. 2010. Effects of observing eye contact between a robot and another person. International Journal of Social Robotics 143–154. CrossRef
Kanda, Takayuki, Hiroshi Ishiguro, Michita Imai, and Tetsuo Ono. 2004. Development and evaluation of interactive humanoid robots. Proceedings of IEEE 92: 1839–1850. CrossRef
Takano, Eri, Yoshio, Matsumoto, Yutaka, Nakamura, Hiroshi, Ishiguro, and Kazuomi Sugamoto. 2008. The psychological effects of attendance of an android on communication. In 11th International Symposium on Experimental Robotics.
Robins, Ben, Paul Dickerson, Penny Stribling, and Kerstin Dautenhahn. 2004. Robot-mediated joint attention in children with autism. Interaction Studies 5: 161–198. CrossRef
Melzoff, Andrew N. 1995. Understanding the intentions of others: Re-enactment of intended acts by 18-month-old children. Developmental Psychology 31: 838–850. CrossRef
Goetz, Jennifer, Sara, Kiseler and Aaron, Powers. 2003. In The 12th IEEE International Workshop on Robot and Human Interactive Communication.
Shimada, Michihiro, Takashi, Minato, Shoji, Itakura, and Hiroshi, Ishiguro. 2006 Proceedings of the 6th IEEE-RAS International Conference on Humanoid.
Minato, T., M., Shimada, H., Ishiguro, S., Itakura. 2004. Development of an android robot for studying human-robot interaction. 17th International Conference on Industrial and Engineering Applications of Artificial Intelligence and Expert Systems, 424–434 (2004).
Bailenson, Jeremy N., and Nick Yee. 2005. Digital Chameleons: Automatic assimilation of nonverbal gestures in immersive virtual environments. Psychological Science 16: 814–819. CrossRef
Yamaoka, Fumitaka, Takayuki, Kanda, Hiroshi, Ishiguro, and Norihiro, Hagita. 2006. In Proceedings of ACM 1st Annual Conference on Human-Robot Interaction, 313–320.
Yoshikawa, Yuichiro, Kazuhiko, Shinozawa, Hiroshi, Ishiguro, Norihiro, Hagita, and Takanori, Miyamoto. 2006. In Proceedings of Robotics: Science and Systems II.
Yoshikawa, Yuichiro, Kazuhiko, Shinozawa, and Hiroshi, Ishiguro. 2007. In Proceedings of the 29th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society, 725–730.
Hayashi, K., D., Sakamoto, T., Kanda, M., Shiomi, S., Koizumi, H., Ishiguro T., Ogasawara, and N., Hagita. 2007. Humanoid robots as passive-social medium-a field experiment at train station. In ACM/IEEE 2nd Annual Conference on Human-Robot Interaction, 137–144.
Sakamoto, Daisuke, and Tetsuo Ono. 2006. Sociability of robots: Effect evaluation of robots on the impression formation between humans (in Japanese). The Journal of Human Interface Society 8: 61–70.
Heider, F. 1958. The psychology of interpersonal relations. Singapore: Wiley. CrossRef
Bailenson, J.N., and N. Yee. 2005. Digital chameleons—automatic assimilation of nonverbal gestures in immersive virtual environments. Psychological Science 16: 814–819. CrossRef
Yuichiro, Yoshikawa, Shunsuke, Yamamoto, Suminoka, Hidenobu, Ishiguro, Hiroshi, and Asada, Minoru. 2008. In Proceedings of the ACM/IEEE International Conference on Human-Robot Interaction, 319–326
McCarthy, A., K., Lee and D., Muir. 2001. Eye gaze displays that index knowing, thinking, and guessing. In The Annual Conference of the American Psychological Society.
Siegman, A.W. 1976. Do noncontingent interviewer mm-hmms facilitate interviewee productivity? Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 44: 171–182. CrossRef
Breed, G.R. 1972. The effect of intimacy : Reciprocity or rates. British journal of social and Clinical Psychology 11: 17–46. CrossRef
- Effects of Observing Eye Contact Between a Robot and Another Person
- Springer Singapore
- Chapter 13