It is perhaps in the field of non-tariff barriers that EFTA has made its greatest contribution, not only to the methodology of economic integration, but also to the techniques of multilateral trade cooperation. The reason for this double contribution to the orderly conduct of inter-state relations is that EFTA achieved a very high level of effective economic integration without altering the normal basis of inter-governmental relationships, based, in positive international law, on sovereignty and implicit or explicit consent. Indeed, it is not too much to say that EFTA and, for that matter, the EEC probably reached the highest degree of consciously pursued economic integration that the world has yet seen outside the economic integration achieved within the sovereign, unified nation-state during the industrial revolution and in the course of the nineteenth century. If the trend towards further trade liberalization persists, however, this degree of economic integration may be approached, if not reached or surpassed, by the end of the century, on a multilateral (and not strictly regional) basis. Therefore, what happened in EFTA in the 1960s is a fair indication of what may happen in the world at large from now to the end of the century, at least in the field of non-tariff barriers to trade,1 provided multilateral trade liberalization proceeds at a steady pace.
Weitere Kapitel dieses Buchs durch Wischen aufrufen
- EFTA’s Experience with Non-tariff Barriers
- Palgrave Macmillan UK
- Chapter 5
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