Surface acoustic wave filters are widely used for frequency filtering in telecommunications. These devices mainly consist of a piezoelectric substrate with periodically arranged electrodes on the surface. The periodic structure of the electrodes subdivides the frequency domain into stop-bands and pass-bands. This means only piezoelectric waves excited at frequencies belonging to the pass-band-region can pass the devices undamped.
The goal of the presented work is the numerical calculation of so-called “dispersion diagrams”, the relation between excitation frequency and a complex propagation parameter. The latter describes damping factor and phase shift per electrode.
The mathematical model is governed by two main issues, the underlying periodic structure and the indefinite coupled field problem due to piezoelectric material equations. Applying Bloch-Floquet theory for infinite periodic geometries yields a unit-cell problem with quasi-periodic boundary conditions. We present two formulations for a frequency-dependent eigenvalue problem describing the dispersion relation.
Reducing the unit-cell problem only to unknowns on the periodic boundary results in a small-sized quadratic eigenvalue problem which is solved by QZ-methods. The second method leads to a large-scaled generalized non-hermitian eigenvalue problem which is solved by Arnoldi methods.
The effect of periodic perturbations in the underlying geometry is confirmed by numerical experiments. Moreover, we present simulations of high frequency SAW- filter structures as used in TV-sets and mobile phones.