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2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Embedding Internet-of-Things in Large-Scale Socio-technical Systems: A Community-Oriented Design in Future Smart Grids

verfasst von : Yilin Huang, Giacomo Poderi, Sanja Šćepanović, Hanna Hasselqvist, Martijn Warnier, Frances Brazier

Erschienen in: The Internet of Things for Smart Urban Ecosystems

Verlag: Springer International Publishing

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Abstract

In traditional engineering, technologies are viewed as the core of the engineering design, in a physical world with a large number of diverse technological artefacts. The real world, however, also includes a huge number of social components—people, communities, institutions, regulations and everything that exists in the human mind—that have shaped and been shaped by the technological components. Smart urban ecosystems are examples of large-scale Socio-Technical Systems (STS) that rely on technologies, in particular on the Internet-of-Things (IoT), within a complex social context where the technologies are embedded. Designing applications that embed both social complexity and IoT in large-scale STS requires a Socio-Technical (ST) approach, which has not yet entered the mainstream of design practice. This chapter reviews the literature and presents our experience of adopting an ST approach to the design of a community-oriented smart grid application. It discusses the challenges, process and outcomes of this apporach, and provides a set of lessons learned derived from this experience that are also deemed relevant to the design of other smart urban ecosystems.
Fußnoten
2
Two municipalities of Storo and San Lorenzo in Trento, Northwest Italy.
 
3
For example, moving peaks of electricity demand towards peaks of local energy production or, in other words, improving the self-consumption capabilities of the electric cooperatives and their associate members.
 
4
The neighbourhoods of Hammarby Sjöstad and Fårdala in the Stockholm area.
 
5
In Sweden, those who buy an apartment must join a corresponding housing cooperative that owns and maintains the estates. The members of a cooperative annually elect a board that makes energy related decisions on behalf of the members.
 
6
In Italy, participants were older and less tech-savy, living in independent, large houses; while in Sweden participants were relatively young and more tech-savy, but living in smaller apartments in residential buildings.
 
7
A study of the end-users appreciation of the engagement and participatory process in the Italian pilot sites is published in [10].
 
8
A preliminary analysis of these emerging requirements in the Italian pilots is presented in [9].
 
11
Bostadsrättsförening or Brf in Swedish.
 
13
For technical reasons such as households’ data transfer connections and processing time, there can be up to 2-min delay between the time of actual power measurement and the data displayed.
 
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Metadaten
Titel
Embedding Internet-of-Things in Large-Scale Socio-technical Systems: A Community-Oriented Design in Future Smart Grids
verfasst von
Yilin Huang
Giacomo Poderi
Sanja Šćepanović
Hanna Hasselqvist
Martijn Warnier
Frances Brazier
Copyright-Jahr
2019
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-96550-5_6