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28.07.2016 | Ausgabe 3/2016 Open Access

Wireless Personal Communications 3/2016

Empirical Models of the Azimuthal Reception Angle—Part II: Adaptation of the Empirical Models in Analytical and Simulation Studies

Wireless Personal Communications > Ausgabe 3/2016
Cezary Ziółkowski, Jan M. Kelner


This paper focuses on modeling of the statistical reception angle properties that are the result of the environmental influence on transmitted signals. Numerous measurements have shown that the statistical properties of angle of arrival (AOA) significantly depend on the type of propagation environment. In practice, this means that in the analytical and simulation studies, the use of statistical models of AOA required their adaptation to propagation conditions in research scenario. Despite the large number of papers that are devoted to the AOA modeling, the method of fitting models to the environment is not presented in any of the publications. This paper fills this gap. For the assessment of the propagation properties and environment type classification, the basis is the rms delay spread (DS). Therefore, the presented method of the model adaptation to the environment type consists of determining the relationship between the model parameter and DS of environment. Here, the probability density function (PDF) of models such as the modified Gaussian, modified Laplacian, modified logistic, and von Mises distribution are considered as the statistical models of azimuth AOA. For seven different propagation environments, the measurement results are used as a reference data. A comparative analysis shows that the modified Laplacian PDF provides the smallest error fit to measurement data. However, in theoretical analysis and simulation studies, other empirical models can be used due to relatively low approximation errors. The presented results are the basis for the adaptation error assessment of the empirical model for any of the research scenario.
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