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10-07-2020 | Issue 8/2020

Wireless Networks 8/2020

A new lossy compression algorithm for wireless sensor networks using Bayesian predictive coding

Journal:
Wireless Networks > Issue 8/2020
Authors:
Chen Chen, Limao Zhang, Robert Lee Kong Tiong
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Abstract

Wireless sensor networks (WSNs) generate a variety of continuous data streams. To reduce data storage and transmission cost, compression is recommended to be applied to the data streams from every single sensor node. Local compression falls into two categories: lossless and lossy. Lossy compression techniques are generally preferable for sensors in commercial nodes than the lossless ones as they provide a better compression ratio at a lower computational cost. However, the traditional approaches for data compression in WSNs are sensitive to sensor accuracy. They are less efficient when there are abnormal and faulty measurements or missing data. This paper proposes a new lossy compression approach using the Bayesian predictive coding (BPC). Instead of the original signals, predictive coding transmits the error terms which are calculated by subtracting the predicted signals from the actual signals to the receiving node. Its compression performance depends on the accuracy of the adopted prediction technique. BPC combines the Bayesian inference with the predictive coding. Prediction is made by the Bayesian inference instead of regression models as in traditional predictive coding. In this way, it can utilize prior information and provide inferences that are conditional on the data without reliance on asymptotic approximation. Experimental tests show that the BPC is the same efficient as the linear predictive coding when handling independent signals which follow a stationary probability distribution. More than that, the BPC is more robust toward occasionally erroneous or missing sensor data. The proposed approach is based on the physical knowledge of the phenomenon in applications. It can be considered as a complementary approach to the existing lossy compression family for WSNs.

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