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25-05-2020 | Issue 6/2020

Wireless Networks 6/2020

A novel efficient clustering protocol for energy harvesting in wireless sensor networks

Journal:
Wireless Networks > Issue 6/2020
Authors:
Dipak Kumar Sah, Tarachand Amgoth
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Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (https://​doi.​org/​10.​1007/​s11276-020-02351-x) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Abstract

The utilization of wireless sensor networks (WSNs) is proliferating in our daily life. It depends on the environmental monitoring such as weather tracking, battled field, etc. However, the main challenge of WSNs is energy management. Generally, traditional nodes of the sensor network were powered by non-rechargeable batteries with limited energy capacity. The alternative solution has been discovered to resolve the limitation of the sensor battery called energy harvesting (EH). EH offers effective and an alternative solution to recharge the battery of the sensor node. It assists with the environment, and EH technique can be possible different kinds such as solar, wind, thermal and mechanical. In this paper, we propose a novel energy harvesting clustering protocol (NEHCP). The NEHCP is based on the hierarchical clustering routing algorithm, and this protocol uses solar EH. The collection of information from the sensor nodes is sent to the base station through the cluster head. The NEHCP algorithm is categorized into three sections, such as the initial phase, set-up phase and data transmission phase. Moreover, the unique feature of EH-WSNs is giving more efficient result in term of network lifetime. The simulation part of this method shows a strong ability to balance energy consumption and increases the network efficiency for the EH-WSNs.

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