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2020 | OriginalPaper | Chapter

A Question of Style

Style, Artificial Intelligence, and Architecture

Authors: Matias del Campo, Sandra Manninger, Alexandra Carlson

Published in: Architectural Intelligence

Publisher: Springer Singapore

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Abstract

At the beginning of the twentieth century, the German Architect and writer Hermann Muthesius (Fig. 1) proposed to get rid of the architecture discipline entirely from the term Style and to replace it rather with the notion of Type [1].
Literature
1.
go back to reference Muthesius, H. (1903). Stilarchitektur und Baukunst, Verlag v. Schimmelpfeng, Mülheim an der Ruhr. Muthesius, H. (1903). Stilarchitektur und Baukunst, Verlag v. Schimmelpfeng, Mülheim an der Ruhr.
2.
go back to reference The Austrian Parliament Building (Parlamentsgebäude, das Parlament). (1883). Architect: Theophil Hansen. The Austrian Parliament Building (Parlamentsgebäude, das Parlament). (1883). Architect: Theophil Hansen.
3.
go back to reference The Vienna City Hall (Wiener Rathaus). (1883). Architect: Friedrich von Schmidt. The Vienna City Hall (Wiener Rathaus). (1883). Architect: Friedrich von Schmidt.
4.
go back to reference Kunsthistorisches & Naturhistorisches Museum. (1891). Architects, Gottfried Semper & Carl von Hasenauer. Kunsthistorisches & Naturhistorisches Museum. (1891). Architects, Gottfried Semper & Carl von Hasenauer.
5.
go back to reference The Deutsche Werkbund was founded around the Viennese architect Joseph Maria Olbrich after leaving Vienna for the city of Darmstadt, Germany, following an invitation by Ernest Louis, Grand Duke of Hesse in order to design and form an artist colony. The founding members of the Werkbund in 1907 included Joseph Maria Olbrich, Peter Behrens, Richard Riemerschmid and Bruno Paul. The constituting meeting was conducted in Munich at the instigation of Herman Muthesius. This first iteration of the Werkbund was in place until 1934, when the Nazis shut it down. It was re-established after the second world war in 1950. The Deutsche Werkbund was founded around the Viennese architect Joseph Maria Olbrich after leaving Vienna for the city of Darmstadt, Germany, following an invitation by Ernest Louis, Grand Duke of Hesse in order to design and form an artist colony. The founding members of the Werkbund in 1907 included Joseph Maria Olbrich, Peter Behrens, Richard Riemerschmid and Bruno Paul. The constituting meeting was conducted in Munich at the instigation of Herman Muthesius. This first iteration of the Werkbund was in place until 1934, when the Nazis shut it down. It was re-established after the second world war in 1950.
6.
go back to reference Rujivacharakul, V., Hazel Kahn, H., Tadashi Oshima, K., & Christensen, P. (Eds.). (2013). Architecturalized Asia: Mapping a continent through history (p. 108). Hong Kong University Press. Rujivacharakul, V., Hazel Kahn, H., Tadashi Oshima, K., & Christensen, P. (Eds.). (2013). Architecturalized Asia: Mapping a continent through history (p. 108). Hong Kong University Press.
7.
go back to reference Jencks, C. (2000). Jencks theory of evolution—An overview of twentieth-century architecture. In Architectural review (pp. 76–79). London. Jencks, C. (2000). Jencks theory of evolution—An overview of twentieth-century architecture. In Architectural review (pp. 76–79). London.
8.
go back to reference Schwartz, F. J. (1996). The Werkbund: Design Theory and mass culture before the first world war (p. 122). New Haven and London: Yale University Press. Schwartz, F. J. (1996). The Werkbund: Design Theory and mass culture before the first world war (p. 122). New Haven and London: Yale University Press.
9.
go back to reference Vercelloni, L. (2016). The invention of taste: A cultural account of desire, delight and disgust in fashion, food and art (p. 132). Bloomsbury Publishing. Vercelloni, L. (2016). The invention of taste: A cultural account of desire, delight and disgust in fashion, food and art (p. 132). Bloomsbury Publishing.
10.
go back to reference Cicero, M. T., & Piderit, K. W. (1886). De oratore. BG Teubner. Cicero, M. T., & Piderit, K. W. (1886). De oratore. BG Teubner.
11.
go back to reference Historical materialism, also known as the materialist conception of history, is a methodology used by some communist and Marxist historiographers that focuses on human societies and their development through history, arguing that history is the result of material conditions rather than ideals. Historical materialism, also known as the materialist conception of history, is a methodology used by some communist and Marxist historiographers that focuses on human societies and their development through history, arguing that history is the result of material conditions rather than ideals.
12.
go back to reference Mallgrave, H. F. (1983). The idea of style: Gottfried Semper in London (p. 76). University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia. Mallgrave, H. F. (1983). The idea of style: Gottfried Semper in London (p. 76). University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia.
13.
go back to reference Alois Riegl was an Austrian art historian and is considered a member of the Vienna School of Art History. He was one of the major figures in the establishment of art history as a self-sufficient academic discipline, and one of the most influential practitioners of formalism. Alois Riegl was an Austrian art historian and is considered a member of the Vienna School of Art History. He was one of the major figures in the establishment of art history as a self-sufficient academic discipline, and one of the most influential practitioners of formalism.
14.
go back to reference Carpo, M. (2017). The second digital turn—Design beyond intelligence. Cambridge, Massachusetts: MIT Press. Carpo, M. (2017). The second digital turn—Design beyond intelligence. Cambridge, Massachusetts: MIT Press.
15.
go back to reference Goodfellow, I., Pouget-Abadie, J., Mirza, M., Xu, B., Warde-Farley, D., Ozair, S., et al. (2014). Generative adversarial networks. In Proceedings of the International Conference on Neural Information Processing Systems (NIPS 2014) (pp. 2672–2680). Goodfellow, I., Pouget-Abadie, J., Mirza, M., Xu, B., Warde-Farley, D., Ozair, S., et al. (2014). Generative adversarial networks. In Proceedings of the International Conference on Neural Information Processing Systems (NIPS 2014) (pp. 2672–2680).
17.
go back to reference For example, the Austrian Pavilion for the Expo 2020 in Dubai, which utilized Style Transfer techniques to generate the ceiling. SPAN 2018—Matias del Campo & Sandra Manninger. This design was a primitive effort in that it used the online solution by Google Deepdream to create Style Transfers. It used the Deep Style option to experiment with combinations between Baroque and Modern ceilings, transforming the resulting image into a 3D model using zBrush. For example, the Austrian Pavilion for the Expo 2020 in Dubai, which utilized Style Transfer techniques to generate the ceiling. SPAN 2018—Matias del Campo & Sandra Manninger. This design was a primitive effort in that it used the online solution by Google Deepdream to create Style Transfers. It used the Deep Style option to experiment with combinations between Baroque and Modern ceilings, transforming the resulting image into a 3D model using zBrush.
18.
go back to reference The phrase ‘data is the new oil’ was apparently coined in 2006 by Clive Humby, the British mathematician and architect of the Tesco Clubcard, a supermarket reward programme. (J. Bridle, New Dark Age—Technology and the End of the Future, Verso, 2019, p. 245). The phrase ‘data is the new oil’ was apparently coined in 2006 by Clive Humby, the British mathematician and architect of the Tesco Clubcard, a supermarket reward programme. (J. Bridle, New Dark Age—Technology and the End of the Future, Verso, 2019, p. 245).
Metadata
Title
A Question of Style
Authors
Matias del Campo
Sandra Manninger
Alexandra Carlson
Copyright Year
2020
Publisher
Springer Singapore
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-15-6568-7_11