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2022 | OriginalPaper | Chapter

8. A Review on the Life Cycle Assessment Phases of Cement and Concrete Manufacturing

Authors : Nitin Ankur, Navdeep Singh

Published in: Role of Circular Economy in Resource Sustainability

Publisher: Springer International Publishing

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Abstract

Concrete is the most used construction material around the globe. The prime constituent of concrete is cement and its production accounts for 5% of the world’s CO2 emissions. Ingredients involved in cement and concrete manufacturing are derived from natural resources and their processing involves high energy demand and further emits lots of emissions. Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) is a tool that can be used to assess the environmental impacts associated with the construction industry. This paper is a brief review of the methods followed in existing investigations on LCA of cement and concrete. The majority of LCA studies are following the ‘Cradle-to-Gate’ approach and primarily consists of global warming potential and greenhouse emissions while neglecting various other impacts like water consumption, wastewater, and solid waste generation along with harmful toxic emissions. These emissions along with the modern-day practice of utilizing various industrial waste in cement and concrete manufacturing must be included in inventory analysis to determine the best available technology for the construction industry.

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Metadata
Title
A Review on the Life Cycle Assessment Phases of Cement and Concrete Manufacturing
Authors
Nitin Ankur
Navdeep Singh
Copyright Year
2022
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-90217-9_8