Skip to main content
main-content
Top

Hint

Swipe to navigate through the articles of this issue

Published in: Physics of Metals and Metallography 14/2021

18-08-2021 | STRUCTURE, PHASE TRANSFORMATIONS, AND DIFFUSION

A Study about Ni–8 at % W Alloy Substrates Used for REBCO Coated Conductors

Authors: Yaotang Ji, Hongli Suo, Yichen Meng, Xinyu Wu, Kausar Shaheen, Lin Ma, Min Liu, Lei Wang, Zili Zhang

Published in: Physics of Metals and Metallography | Issue 14/2021

Login to get access
share
SHARE

Abstract

Ni–8 at % W alloy ingots were prepared using a spark plasma sintering technique. The evolution of the microstructure, cold-rolling texture, and recrystallization texture of the Ni8W alloy were studied using X-ray diffractometry and electron backscatter diffractometry techniques. The results revealed the strong influence of the initial grain size on the cube texture formation of the annealed substrates. A strong cube texture was obtained in substrates with finer initial grains. A brass-type rolling texture was formed in the final cold-rolled tape after cold rolling. The cold-rolled tape mainly consisted of S, brass, and a weak {110} 〈118〉 texture. The cube orientation nuclei did not have a nucleation advantage at the early stage of recrystallization. Large-scale twinning was exhibited in the cold-rolled microstructure at a high annealing temperature. The cube orientation and RD (rolling direction)-cube orientation textures, which transformed from the cube twin orientation and random orientation grains, were grown immediately at almost the same rate. The cube orientation and RD-cube orientation grains grew faster than other orientation grains throughout the whole grain growth process. Finally, a strong cube texture was obtained for the Ni–8 at % W substrate after an optimized annealing process.
Literature
1.
go back to reference S. Ikeda, T. Motoki, S. Gondo, S. Nakamura, G. Honda, T. Nagaishi, T. Doi, and J. Shimoyama, “Synthesis of thick YBCO films up to 3.0 μm on metallic substrates by a fluorine-free metal organic decomposition method,” Supercond. Sci. Technol. 32, 1–6 (2019). CrossRef S. Ikeda, T. Motoki, S. Gondo, S. Nakamura, G. Honda, T. Nagaishi, T. Doi, and J. Shimoyama, “Synthesis of thick YBCO films up to 3.0 μm on metallic substrates by a fluorine-free metal organic decomposition method,” Supercond. Sci. Technol. 32, 1–6 (2019). CrossRef
2.
go back to reference A. Sundaram, Y. Zhang, A. R. Knoll, D. Abraimov, P. Brownsey, M. Kasahara, G. M. Carota, R. Nakasaki, J. B. Cameron, G. Schwab, L. V. Hope, R. M. Schmidt, H. Kuraseko, T. Fukushima, and D. W. Hazelton, “2G HTS wires made on 30 μm thick Hastelloy substrate,” Supercond. Sci. Technol. 29, 1–6 (2016). CrossRef A. Sundaram, Y. Zhang, A. R. Knoll, D. Abraimov, P. Brownsey, M. Kasahara, G. M. Carota, R. Nakasaki, J. B. Cameron, G. Schwab, L. V. Hope, R. M. Schmidt, H. Kuraseko, T. Fukushima, and D. W. Hazelton, “2G HTS wires made on 30 μm thick Hastelloy substrate,” Supercond. Sci. Technol. 29, 1–6 (2016). CrossRef
3.
go back to reference D. P. Norton, A. Goyal, J. D. Budai, D. K. Christen, D. M. Kroeger, E. D. Specht, Q. He, B. Saffian, M. Paranthaman, C. E. Klabunde, D. F. Lee, and B. C. Sales, “Epitaxial YBa 2Cu 3O 7 on biaxially textured nickel (001): an approach to superconducting tapes with high critical current density,” Science 274, 755–757 (1996). CrossRef D. P. Norton, A. Goyal, J. D. Budai, D. K. Christen, D. M. Kroeger, E. D. Specht, Q. He, B. Saffian, M. Paranthaman, C. E. Klabunde, D. F. Lee, and B. C. Sales, “Epitaxial YBa 2Cu 3O 7 on biaxially textured nickel (001): an approach to superconducting tapes with high critical current density,” Science 274, 755–757 (1996). CrossRef
4.
go back to reference M. W. Rupich, X. Li, S. Sathyamurthy, C. L. H. Thieme, K. DeMoranville, J. Gannon, and S. Fleshler, “Second generation wire development at AMSC,” IEEE Trans. Appl. Supercond. 23, 1–5 (2013). CrossRef M. W. Rupich, X. Li, S. Sathyamurthy, C. L. H. Thieme, K. DeMoranville, J. Gannon, and S. Fleshler, “Second generation wire development at AMSC,” IEEE Trans. Appl. Supercond. 23, 1–5 (2013). CrossRef
5.
go back to reference Yu. V. Khlebnikova, D. P. Rodionov, I. V. Gervas’eva, T. R. Suaridze, and V. A. Kazantsev, “Conditions of sharp cube texture formation in thin tapes of Cu–Ni alloys for second-generation high-temperature superconductors,” Tech. Phys. Lett. 41, 341–343 (2015). CrossRef Yu. V. Khlebnikova, D. P. Rodionov, I. V. Gervas’eva, T. R. Suaridze, and V. A. Kazantsev, “Conditions of sharp cube texture formation in thin tapes of Cu–Ni alloys for second-generation high-temperature superconductors,” Tech. Phys. Lett. 41, 341–343 (2015). CrossRef
6.
go back to reference Yu. V. Khlebnikova, D. P. Rodionov, I. V. Gervas’eva, T. R. Suaridze, and L. Yu. Egorova, “Creation of a sharp cube texture in ribbon substrates of Cu–40% Ni– M ( M = Fe, Cr, V) ternary alloys for high-temperature second generation superconductors,” Phys. Met. Metallogr. 117, 1129–1137 (2016). CrossRef Yu. V. Khlebnikova, D. P. Rodionov, I. V. Gervas’eva, T. R. Suaridze, and L. Yu. Egorova, “Creation of a sharp cube texture in ribbon substrates of Cu–40% Ni– M ( M = Fe, Cr, V) ternary alloys for high-temperature second generation superconductors,” Phys. Met. Metallogr. 117, 1129–1137 (2016). CrossRef
7.
go back to reference Y. Iijima, N. Tanabe, O. Kohno, and Y. Ikeno, “In-plane aligned YBa 2Cu 3O 7–x thin films deposited on polycrystalline metallic substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 769–771 (1992). CrossRef Y. Iijima, N. Tanabe, O. Kohno, and Y. Ikeno, “In-plane aligned YBa 2Cu 3O 7–x thin films deposited on polycrystalline metallic substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 769–771 (1992). CrossRef
8.
go back to reference S.-P. Hao, Y. Wang, H.-L. Suo, Q. Jia, M. Liu, and L. Ma, “Continuous electropolishing technique for long-length Hastelloy C-276 tape,” Rare Met. 37, 795–802 (2018). CrossRef S.-P. Hao, Y. Wang, H.-L. Suo, Q. Jia, M. Liu, and L. Ma, “Continuous electropolishing technique for long-length Hastelloy C-276 tape,” Rare Met. 37, 795–802 (2018). CrossRef
9.
go back to reference S. Yoon, J. Kim, H. Lee, S. Hahn, and S. H. Moon, “26T 35 mm all-GdBa 2Cu 3O 7 – x multi-width no-insulation superconducting magnet,” Supercond. Sci. Technol. 29, 1–6 (2016). CrossRef S. Yoon, J. Kim, H. Lee, S. Hahn, and S. H. Moon, “26T 35 mm all-GdBa 2Cu 3O 7 – x multi-width no-insulation superconducting magnet,” Supercond. Sci. Technol. 29, 1–6 (2016). CrossRef
10.
go back to reference A. P. Malozemoff, “Progress in American Superconductor’s HTS wire and optimization for fault current limiting systems,” Phys. C 530, 65–67 (2016). CrossRef A. P. Malozemoff, “Progress in American Superconductor’s HTS wire and optimization for fault current limiting systems,” Phys. C 530, 65–67 (2016). CrossRef
11.
go back to reference D. Yu, L. Ma, H. L. Suo, J. Liu, Y. T. Ji, J. Cui, H. Tian, M. M. Gao, M. Liu, and Y. Wang, “The influence of tensile stress on the recrystallization and texture stability of Ni–5 at % W long tapes,” Phys. Met. Metallogr. 120, 570–577 (2019). CrossRef D. Yu, L. Ma, H. L. Suo, J. Liu, Y. T. Ji, J. Cui, H. Tian, M. M. Gao, M. Liu, and Y. Wang, “The influence of tensile stress on the recrystallization and texture stability of Ni–5 at % W long tapes,” Phys. Met. Metallogr. 120, 570–577 (2019). CrossRef
12.
go back to reference H. R. Kerchner, D. P. Norton, A. Goyal, J. D. Budai, D. K. Christen, D. M. Kroeger, E. D. Specht, Q. He, M. Paranthaman, D. F. Lee, B. C. Sales, F. A. List, and R. Feenstra, “Alternating current losses in biaxially textured YBa 2Cu 3O 7 − δ films deposited on Ni tapes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 2029–2031 (1997). CrossRef H. R. Kerchner, D. P. Norton, A. Goyal, J. D. Budai, D. K. Christen, D. M. Kroeger, E. D. Specht, Q. He, M. Paranthaman, D. F. Lee, B. C. Sales, F. A. List, and R. Feenstra, “Alternating current losses in biaxially textured YBa 2Cu 3O 7 − δ films deposited on Ni tapes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 2029–2031 (1997). CrossRef
13.
go back to reference Y. Zhao, H. Suo, Y. Zhu, M. Liu, D. He, S. Ye, L. Ma, R. Fan, Y. Ji, and M. Zhou, “Highly reinforced, low magnetic and biaxially textured Ni–7 at % W/Ni–12 at % W multi-layer substrates developed for coated conductors,” Supercond. Sci. Technol. 21, 1–6 (2008). Y. Zhao, H. Suo, Y. Zhu, M. Liu, D. He, S. Ye, L. Ma, R. Fan, Y. Ji, and M. Zhou, “Highly reinforced, low magnetic and biaxially textured Ni–7 at % W/Ni–12 at % W multi-layer substrates developed for coated conductors,” Supercond. Sci. Technol. 21, 1–6 (2008).
14.
go back to reference M. M. Gao, H. L. Suo, J. C. Grivel, Y. Zhao, P. K. Gao, M. Liu, and L. Ma, “Fabrication of the textured Ni–9.3 at % W alloy substrate for coated conductors,” IEEE Trans. Appl. Supercond. 21, 2969–2972 (2011). CrossRef M. M. Gao, H. L. Suo, J. C. Grivel, Y. Zhao, P. K. Gao, M. Liu, and L. Ma, “Fabrication of the textured Ni–9.3 at % W alloy substrate for coated conductors,” IEEE Trans. Appl. Supercond. 21, 2969–2972 (2011). CrossRef
15.
go back to reference J. H. Lim, K. T. Kim, H. J. Kim, J. Joo, W. Nah, G. W. Hong, J. G. Lee, and H. Mori, “Investigation of processing variables of Ni substrate for YBCO coated conductors,” IEEE Trans. Appl. Supercond. 15, 2679–2682 (2005). CrossRef J. H. Lim, K. T. Kim, H. J. Kim, J. Joo, W. Nah, G. W. Hong, J. G. Lee, and H. Mori, “Investigation of processing variables of Ni substrate for YBCO coated conductors,” IEEE Trans. Appl. Supercond. 15, 2679–2682 (2005). CrossRef
16.
go back to reference Y. Zhao, H. Suo, Y. Zhu, J. C. Grivel, M. Gao, L. Ma, R. Fan, M. Liu, Y. Ji, and M. Zhou, “Study on the formation of cubic texture in Ni–7 at % W alloy substrates by powder metallurgy routes,” Acta Mater. 57, 773–781 (2009). CrossRef Y. Zhao, H. Suo, Y. Zhu, J. C. Grivel, M. Gao, L. Ma, R. Fan, M. Liu, Y. Ji, and M. Zhou, “Study on the formation of cubic texture in Ni–7 at % W alloy substrates by powder metallurgy routes,” Acta Mater. 57, 773–781 (2009). CrossRef
17.
go back to reference J. Eickemeyer, R. Huehne, A. Gueth, C. Rodig, H. Klauss, and B. Holzapfel, “Textured Ni–7.5 at % W substrate tapes for YBCO-coated conductors,” Supercond. Sci. Technol. 21, 1–8 (2008). J. Eickemeyer, R. Huehne, A. Gueth, C. Rodig, H. Klauss, and B. Holzapfel, “Textured Ni–7.5 at % W substrate tapes for YBCO-coated conductors,” Supercond. Sci. Technol. 21, 1–8 (2008).
18.
go back to reference C. Shearwood, Y. Q. Fu, L. Yu, and K. A. Khor, “Spark plasma sintering of TiNi nano-powder,” Scr. Mater. 52, 455–460 (2005). CrossRef C. Shearwood, Y. Q. Fu, L. Yu, and K. A. Khor, “Spark plasma sintering of TiNi nano-powder,” Scr. Mater. 52, 455–460 (2005). CrossRef
19.
go back to reference P. P. Bhattacharjee, R. K. Ray, and N. Tsuji, “Evolution of deformation and recrystallization textures in high-purity Ni and the Ni–5 at pct W alloy,” Metall. Mater. Sci. A 41, 2856–2870 (2010). P. P. Bhattacharjee, R. K. Ray, and N. Tsuji, “Evolution of deformation and recrystallization textures in high-purity Ni and the Ni–5 at pct W alloy,” Metall. Mater. Sci. A 41, 2856–2870 (2010).
20.
go back to reference D. P. Rodionov, I. V. Gervas’eva, Yu. V. Khlebnikova, V. A. Kazantsev, and V. A. Sazonova, “NiCr M ( M = W, Mo, V) ternary alloy tapes as cube-textured substrates for second-generation superconducting cables,” Phys. Met. Metallogr. 113, 504–512 (2012). CrossRef D. P. Rodionov, I. V. Gervas’eva, Yu. V. Khlebnikova, V. A. Kazantsev, and V. A. Sazonova, “NiCr M ( M = W, Mo, V) ternary alloy tapes as cube-textured substrates for second-generation superconducting cables,” Phys. Met. Metallogr. 113, 504–512 (2012). CrossRef
21.
go back to reference D. P. Rodionov, I. V. Gervas’eva, Yu. V. Khlebnikova, V. A. Kazantsev, V. A. Sazonova, L. Yu. Egorova, and R. I. Gulyaeva, “Cubic texture of recrystallization of ribbon substrates made of nickel alloys alloyed with W, Mo, and Re refractory elements”. Phys. Met. Metallogr. 113, 1079–1090 (2012) CrossRef D. P. Rodionov, I. V. Gervas’eva, Yu. V. Khlebnikova, V. A. Kazantsev, V. A. Sazonova, L. Yu. Egorova, and R. I. Gulyaeva, “Cubic texture of recrystallization of ribbon substrates made of nickel alloys alloyed with W, Mo, and Re refractory elements”. Phys. Met. Metallogr. 113, 1079–1090 (2012) CrossRef
22.
go back to reference J. Eickemeyer, R. Hühne, A. Güth, C. Rodig, U. Gaitzsch, J. Freudenberger, L. Schultz, and B. Holzapfel, “Textured Ni–9.0 at % W substrate tapes for YBCO-coated conductors,” Supercond. Sci. Technol. 23, 1–8 (2010). CrossRef J. Eickemeyer, R. Hühne, A. Güth, C. Rodig, U. Gaitzsch, J. Freudenberger, L. Schultz, and B. Holzapfel, “Textured Ni–9.0 at % W substrate tapes for YBCO-coated conductors,” Supercond. Sci. Technol. 23, 1–8 (2010). CrossRef
23.
go back to reference Y. T. Ji, H. L. Suo, L. Ma, Z. Wang, D. Yu, K. Shaheen, J. Cui, J. Liu, and M. M. Gao, “Formation of recrystallization cube texture in highly rolled Ni–9.3 at % W,” Phys. Met. Metallogr. 121, 248–253 (2020). CrossRef Y. T. Ji, H. L. Suo, L. Ma, Z. Wang, D. Yu, K. Shaheen, J. Cui, J. Liu, and M. M. Gao, “Formation of recrystallization cube texture in highly rolled Ni–9.3 at % W,” Phys. Met. Metallogr. 121, 248–253 (2020). CrossRef
24.
go back to reference V. Subramanya Sarma, J. Eickemeyer, L. Schultz, and B. Holzapfel, “Recrystallisation texture and magnetisation behaviour of some FCC Ni–W alloys” Scr. Mater. 50, 953–957 (2004). CrossRef V. Subramanya Sarma, J. Eickemeyer, L. Schultz, and B. Holzapfel, “Recrystallisation texture and magnetisation behaviour of some FCC Ni–W alloys” Scr. Mater. 50, 953–957 (2004). CrossRef
25.
go back to reference P. Gerber, J. Tarasiuk, and B. Bacroix, “Influence of the rolling reduction on static recrystallization in copper,” Mater. Sci. Forum 408–412, 851–856 (2002). CrossRef P. Gerber, J. Tarasiuk, and B. Bacroix, “Influence of the rolling reduction on static recrystallization in copper,” Mater. Sci. Forum 408–412, 851–856 (2002). CrossRef
26.
go back to reference T. Leffers and R. K. Ray, “The brass-type texture and its deviation from the copper-type texture,” Prog. Mater Sci. 54, 351–396 (2009). CrossRef T. Leffers and R. K. Ray, “The brass-type texture and its deviation from the copper-type texture,” Prog. Mater Sci. 54, 351–396 (2009). CrossRef
27.
go back to reference A. Berger, P. J. Wilbrandt, F. Ernst, U. Klement, and P. Haasen, “On the generation of new orientations during recrystallization—recent results on the recrystallization of tensile-deformed fcc single-crystals,” Prog. Mater Sci. 32, 1–95 (1988). CrossRef A. Berger, P. J. Wilbrandt, F. Ernst, U. Klement, and P. Haasen, “On the generation of new orientations during recrystallization—recent results on the recrystallization of tensile-deformed fcc single-crystals,” Prog. Mater Sci. 32, 1–95 (1988). CrossRef
28.
go back to reference G. Gottstein, “Annealing texture development by multiple twinning in fcc crystals,” Acta Metall. 32, 1117–1138 (1984). CrossRef G. Gottstein, “Annealing texture development by multiple twinning in fcc crystals,” Acta Metall. 32, 1117–1138 (1984). CrossRef
29.
go back to reference X. L. Li, W. Liu, A. Godfrey, D. J. Jensen, and Q. Liu, “Development of the cube texture at low annealing temperatures in highly rolled pure nickel,” Acta Mater. 55, 3531–3540 (2007). CrossRef X. L. Li, W. Liu, A. Godfrey, D. J. Jensen, and Q. Liu, “Development of the cube texture at low annealing temperatures in highly rolled pure nickel,” Acta Mater. 55, 3531–3540 (2007). CrossRef
30.
go back to reference G. Gottstein, D. A. Molodov, and L. S. Shvindlerman, “Grain boundary migration in metals: recent developments,” Interface Sci. 6, 7–22 (1998). CrossRef G. Gottstein, D. A. Molodov, and L. S. Shvindlerman, “Grain boundary migration in metals: recent developments,” Interface Sci. 6, 7–22 (1998). CrossRef
Metadata
Title
A Study about Ni–8 at % W Alloy Substrates Used for REBCO Coated Conductors
Authors
Yaotang Ji
Hongli Suo
Yichen Meng
Xinyu Wu
Kausar Shaheen
Lin Ma
Min Liu
Lei Wang
Zili Zhang
Publication date
18-08-2021
Publisher
Pleiades Publishing
Published in
Physics of Metals and Metallography / Issue 14/2021
Print ISSN: 0031-918X
Electronic ISSN: 1555-6190
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1134/S0031918X21140118