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Published in: Business & Information Systems Engineering 1/2024

20-06-2023 | Research Paper

A Study on the Usage of the BPMN Notation for Designing Process Collaboration, Choreography, and Conversation Models

Authors: Ivan Compagnucci, Flavio Corradini, Fabrizio Fornari, Barbara Re

Published in: Business & Information Systems Engineering | Issue 1/2024

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Abstract

Being widely accepted by industries and academia, Business Process Model and Notation (BPMN) is the de facto standard for business process modeling. However, the large number of notation elements it introduces makes its use quite complex. This work investigates the usage of the BPMN notation by analyzing 54,500 models harvested from seven online collections. The study considers different model types introduced by the standard, such as process collaboration, choreography, and conversation. The analyses focus on the syntactic dimension of BPMN, investigating the usage of BPMN elements and their combinations. Syntactic violations of the standard, and of good modeling practices, are also investigated as well as possible relations with BPMN elements and modeling tools. The results of the study can guide further activities of educators, practitioners, researchers, and standardization bodies.

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Footnotes
1
BPMN 2.0.1 version is released as ISO/IEC 19510:2013 standard.
 
3
More than 70 tools support BPMN (http://​www.​bpmn.​org, accessed 09 March 2023).
 
6
The graphical notation for designing collaborations includes also message flows and a message icon that are not present in the notation for designing single processes.
 
7
BPMN specification: https://​www.​omg.​org/​spec/​BPMN/​2.​0/​PDF, accessed 09 March 2023.
 
17
https://​wiki.​xmldation.​com, accessed 09 March 2023.
 
19
BEBoP tool: https://​pros.​unicam.​it/​bebop, accessed 09 March 2023.
 
21
Correlation does not refer to BPMN elements that are necessarily connected but that are both present in a model.
 
22
A model with over three hundred elements available on RePROSitory: https://​pros.​unicam.​it:​4200/​guest/​modelDetails/​24_​1552924500764_​425164153152522, accessed 09 March 2023.
 
24
The tags \({<extensionElements> <signavio:signavioMetaData metaKey="bgcolor" metaValue="\#ffffff"/> </extensionElements>}\), are used in Signavio to specify the background color of an element.
 
25
https://​www.​drools.​org, accessed 09 March 2023.
 
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Metadata
Title
A Study on the Usage of the BPMN Notation for Designing Process Collaboration, Choreography, and Conversation Models
Authors
Ivan Compagnucci
Flavio Corradini
Fabrizio Fornari
Barbara Re
Publication date
20-06-2023
Publisher
Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden
Published in
Business & Information Systems Engineering / Issue 1/2024
Print ISSN: 2363-7005
Electronic ISSN: 1867-0202
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s12599-023-00818-7

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