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Published in: Wireless Personal Communications 2/2022

12-06-2022

AI and ML Powered IoT Applications for Energy Management in Electric Vehicles

Authors: M. Mathankumar, B. Gunapriya, R. Raja Guru, A. Singaravelan, P. Sanjeevikumar

Published in: Wireless Personal Communications | Issue 2/2022

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Abstract

The advantages of real-time dataset with artificial intelligence-based machine learning algorithms can be utilized for improving energy management in Electric Vehicles (E-Vehicle). Here the machine learning algorithms such as classification, regression, reinforcement, and clustering are incorporated to identify the suitable profile pattern. Electric vehicle modelling can be developed from profile, outline, and formulation for energy efficiency can be done from vehicle state, specifications from acceleration and deceleration with necessary constraints. Each vehicle energy management stages are realized as kinetic energy, mechanical energy, and electrical energy for minimizing the losses within a boundary except proving the constraints. With a problem formulated in each stage for classifying the input profile, it is found that regression analysis matches the energy optimization, reinforcement technique fixes the boundary at every profile input and clustering of data ensures formation of data set. The proposed scheme is validated with MATLAB/Simulink environment and the results shows that the new methods improved the energy efficiency in every stage at the level of 10 to 30%. Also, among the energy efficient techniques, classification and regression schemes adds an error loss of 0.2 to 0.3%, the reinforcement method includes the data handling error of 0.3 to 0.4% and finally, the clustering method increases the error loss in the level of 0.4 to 0.5%.
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Metadata
Title
AI and ML Powered IoT Applications for Energy Management in Electric Vehicles
Authors
M. Mathankumar
B. Gunapriya
R. Raja Guru
A. Singaravelan
P. Sanjeevikumar
Publication date
12-06-2022
Publisher
Springer US
Published in
Wireless Personal Communications / Issue 2/2022
Print ISSN: 0929-6212
Electronic ISSN: 1572-834X
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s11277-022-09789-6

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