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12-11-2020 | CIGRE 2020 | Issue 8/2020

e & i Elektrotechnik und Informationstechnik 8/2020

An advanced method for steady-state security assessment considering dynamic thermal capacities of grid assets

Journal:
e & i Elektrotechnik und Informationstechnik > Issue 8/2020
Authors:
M. Schrammel, I. Lupandina, W. Gawlik, K. Viereck
Important notes
Paper submitted for the CIGRE Session 2020, SC-C2/SC-C6, August 28, 2020, online

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Abstract

The (\(n-1\)) criterion is a commonly used criterion for secure grid operation. Violations of this criterion lead to remedial actions in the short term and the construction of additional transmission capacities in the long term to reduce congestions in the grid. An alternative strategy in reducing necessary interventions is to consider the natural dependency of the transmission capacity of an installed grid component from its environmental conditions. The application of dynamic component rating is offering additional transmission capacities for system operation. For the consideration of these capabilities in the day-ahead operation planning, forecasting the trend of the component ratings is needed. The implementation of such methods, especially for overhead lines, is tested by different system operators around the world.
A further strategy in enhancing transmission capacity for the operation is to utilize the thermal inertia of a component for small and short exceedances of the ratings without violating the component’s thermal limits. Currently available static emergency ratings of components respect this capability. Component ratings as well as emergency ratings are dependent on environmental conditions. Furthermore, the available emergency operation duration is dependent on the development of the loading current in the recent past. By equipping assets with real-time monitoring systems, utilization of the component’s current transmission capacity is possible for the different operation states.
This paper presents a method to consider the thermal transmission capacity of power system components, enabled by real-time monitoring systems, in the contingency analysis. The approach is an assessment at system level combined with a time-domain simulation for the evaluation of the impact of an examined contingency on a component’s relevant thermal parameters. The result of the method is compatible with the current binary statement but extended with an availability duration if a contingency occurs in the examined grid. Introducing this duration can assist the planning of curative remedial actions for the operation. Further, three specific durations were proposed for benchmarking a contingency in the different levels of analysis. These durations are the result of the time-domain simulation. The presented method is capable of analysing a network consisting of assets equipped with a monitoring system and assets without such a system.
The second part of this paper presents the operation simulation of an exemplary grid for one operational year to illustrate the effect of the approach on the results of the contingency analysis in day-ahead planning.

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