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12-04-2021 | Issue 1/2021

Wireless Personal Communications 1/2021

An Efficient Code Domain NOMA Scheme with Enhanced Spectral and Energy Efficiency for Networks Beyond 5G

Journal:
Wireless Personal Communications > Issue 1/2021
Authors:
Ramya Thirunavukkarasu, Ramachandran Balasubramanian
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Abstract

Non-Orthogonal Multiple Access (NOMA) is an efficient multiple access scheme which augments the capacity and overall throughput in LTE and 5G networks. Tackling the high system throughput and device connectivity of multiple users with different channel state information is a key challenge at this juncture. The joint detection and decoding using parity check polar coding (PCPC) and the utilization of Sparse Code Multiple Access (SCMA) in Code domain NOMA improves throughput supporting an overloaded number of users. Also, Multiple-Input Multiple-Output (MIMO)-SCMA scheme has potential in providing spectrum and energy efficiency. MIMO-SCMA superimposes multiple users in the code domain and utilizes the channel gain difference between multiplexed users. Hence, this paper aims to propose a proficient code domain NOMA scheme, the PCPC SCMA multiplexed over Orthogonal Frequency Code Division Multiple Access (OFCDMA), implementing a joint detection and decoding with user scheduling. Signals of numerous users are superimposed and transmitted over a channel. At the receiver, Multi-User Detection (MUD) exploiting the Message Passing Algorithm (MPA) is used to identify the desired user. To ensure proper resource utilization of multiple data blocks, the users are scheduled by implementing the Invasive Weed Optimization (IWO) technique along with the MPA. The proposed scheme, which engages an IWO-MPA based MUD scheme, improves the convergence rate, in terms of the number of iterations thereby leading to lower complexity, as well as reduces the Bit Error Rate (BER). Computer simulations reveal that the proposed scheme achieves high spectrum and energy efficiency, higher throughput and overloaded user fairness compared with recent researches.

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