Skip to main content
main-content
Top

Hint

Swipe to navigate through the chapters of this book

2022 | OriginalPaper | Chapter

Application of Polymer Composite for Weight Reduction in the Automobile Sector Toward a Sustainable Development

Authors: Anand S. Baldota, Vishal J. Dulange, Shahrukh S. Patel, Manoj W. Bhalwankar

Published in: Recent Advances in Manufacturing Modelling and Optimization

Publisher: Springer Nature Singapore

share
SHARE

Abstract

In recent years, co-relation of sustainable development with the the growth of the industries, these questions have been a hot topic for research. The increasing awareness, greater restrictions on emission control, and its long-term environmental impact have led to an urgent need to develop lightweight and fuel-efficient vehicles in the global automobile industry. Polymer composites due to their lightweight and recyclability have been largely used in the automotive sector. This has led to a constant need to research and develop high-performance polymer composites in the automobile industry. This paper aims to explore the use of polymer composite for weight reduction as an alternative option toward the sustainable development of the automobile industry. Specific applications of polymer composites in the automotive sector are explained in correlation with achieved weight reduction. A comparison between the performances of different fiber-reinforced polymer composite has been done, from which a gradual increasing trend in the usage of natural fiber-reinforced polymer composite was observed. This paper helps in identifying potential polymer composites for weight reduction. Weight reduction using reinforced polymer composite as a lightweight material proves to be a valid alternative toward sustainable development that satisfies social, environmental, and economic conditions. The use of natural fiber-reinforced polymer composites has been seen to further enhance sustainability, thus highlighting potential gaps in the research of the natural fiber polymer composite and its application.
Literature
1.
go back to reference Stoycheva S, Marchese D, Paul C, Padoan S, Juhmani A, Linkov I (2018) Multi-criteria decision analysis framework for sustainable manufacturing in automotive industry. J Clean Prod 187:257–272 CrossRef Stoycheva S, Marchese D, Paul C, Padoan S, Juhmani A, Linkov I (2018) Multi-criteria decision analysis framework for sustainable manufacturing in automotive industry. J Clean Prod 187:257–272 CrossRef
3.
go back to reference Patil A, Patel A, Purohit R (2017) An overview of polymeric materials for automotive applications. Mater Today Proc 4(2A):3807–3815 CrossRef Patil A, Patel A, Purohit R (2017) An overview of polymeric materials for automotive applications. Mater Today Proc 4(2A):3807–3815 CrossRef
4.
go back to reference Sapuan SM (2017) Composite materials. In: Sapuan SM (ed) Composite materials. Butterworth-Heinemann, pp 57–93 CrossRef Sapuan SM (2017) Composite materials. In: Sapuan SM (ed) Composite materials. Butterworth-Heinemann, pp 57–93 CrossRef
5.
go back to reference Francis R, Gopalan GP, Sivadas A (2016) Introduction. Recycl Polym 1:1–10 Francis R, Gopalan GP, Sivadas A (2016) Introduction. Recycl Polym 1:1–10
6.
go back to reference Rajab MA, Shaban SY, Hussen LJ (2018) Recycling and improving the environmental impact of plastic waste. Am J Eng Res 7(11):131–134 Rajab MA, Shaban SY, Hussen LJ (2018) Recycling and improving the environmental impact of plastic waste. Am J Eng Res 7(11):131–134
7.
go back to reference Wang L-G, Zhang N (2015) Sustainable development of China’s commercial vehicles. Adv Manuf 3:37–41 Wang L-G, Zhang N (2015) Sustainable development of China’s commercial vehicles. Adv Manuf 3:37–41
8.
go back to reference Fitzgerald B, Mazumdar S (2018) Major light weighting trends shaping the automotive industry Fitzgerald B, Mazumdar S (2018) Major light weighting trends shaping the automotive industry
9.
go back to reference Mayyas A, Shen Q, Mayyas A, Abdelhamid M, Shan D, Qattawi A, Omar M (2011) Using quality function deployment and analytical hierarchy process for material selection of body-in-white. Mater Des 32(5):2771–2782 Mayyas A, Shen Q, Mayyas A, Abdelhamid M, Shan D, Qattawi A, Omar M (2011) Using quality function deployment and analytical hierarchy process for material selection of body-in-white. Mater Des 32(5):2771–2782
10.
go back to reference Adesina OT, Jamiru T, Sadiku ER, Ogunbiyi OF, Beneke LW (2019) Mechanical evaluation of hybrid natural fibre–reinforced polymeric composites for automotive bumper beam: a review. Int J Adv Manuf Technol 103:1781–1797 CrossRef Adesina OT, Jamiru T, Sadiku ER, Ogunbiyi OF, Beneke LW (2019) Mechanical evaluation of hybrid natural fibre–reinforced polymeric composites for automotive bumper beam: a review. Int J Adv Manuf Technol 103:1781–1797 CrossRef
12.
go back to reference Gorter T, Reinders AHME (2012) A comparison of 15 polymers for application in photovoltaic modules in PV-powered boats. Appl Energy 92:286–297 CrossRef Gorter T, Reinders AHME (2012) A comparison of 15 polymers for application in photovoltaic modules in PV-powered boats. Appl Energy 92:286–297 CrossRef
13.
go back to reference Jose JP, Joseph K, Advances in polymer composites: macro- and microcomposites—state of the art, new challenges, and opportunities, In: Thomas S, Kuruvilla J, Malhotra SK, Goda K, Sreekala MS (eds) Polymer composites. Wiley, pp 1–16 Jose JP, Joseph K, Advances in polymer composites: macro- and microcomposites—state of the art, new challenges, and opportunities, In: Thomas S, Kuruvilla J, Malhotra SK, Goda K, Sreekala MS (eds) Polymer composites. Wiley, pp 1–16
14.
go back to reference Varga LJ, Bárány T (2020) Development of polypropylene-based single-polymer composites with blends of amorphous poly-alpha-olefin and random polypropylene copolymer. Polymers 12(6):1429 CrossRef Varga LJ, Bárány T (2020) Development of polypropylene-based single-polymer composites with blends of amorphous poly-alpha-olefin and random polypropylene copolymer. Polymers 12(6):1429 CrossRef
15.
go back to reference Mortazavian S, Fatemi A (2015) Effects of fiber orientation and anisotropy on tensile strength and elastic modulus of short fiber reinforced polymer composites. Composites Part B Eng 72:116–129 CrossRef Mortazavian S, Fatemi A (2015) Effects of fiber orientation and anisotropy on tensile strength and elastic modulus of short fiber reinforced polymer composites. Composites Part B Eng 72:116–129 CrossRef
16.
go back to reference P. Santos P, Amarasekera J, Moraes G, Plastics S (2008) Natural fibers plastics composites for automotive applications. In: Paper presented at automotive composites conference on the road to lightweight performance (ACCE 2008), pp 492–500 P. Santos P, Amarasekera J, Moraes G, Plastics S (2008) Natural fibers plastics composites for automotive applications. In: Paper presented at automotive composites conference on the road to lightweight performance (ACCE 2008), pp 492–500
17.
go back to reference Palabiyik M, Bahadur S (2002) Tribological studies of polyamide 6 and high-density polyethylene blends filled with PTFE and copper oxide and reinforced with short glass fibers. Wear 253(3–4):369–376 Palabiyik M, Bahadur S (2002) Tribological studies of polyamide 6 and high-density polyethylene blends filled with PTFE and copper oxide and reinforced with short glass fibers. Wear 253(3–4):369–376
18.
go back to reference Kumar N, Das D (2017) Fibrous biocomposites from nettle (Girardinia diversifolia) and poly(lactic acid) fibers for automotive dashboard panel application. Compos B Eng 130:54–63 CrossRef Kumar N, Das D (2017) Fibrous biocomposites from nettle (Girardinia diversifolia) and poly(lactic acid) fibers for automotive dashboard panel application. Compos B Eng 130:54–63 CrossRef
19.
go back to reference Chollakup R, Tantatherdtam R, Ujjin S, Sriroth K (2011) Pineapple leaf fiber reinforced thermoplastic composites. Effects of fiber length and fiber content on their characteristics. J Appl Polym Sci 119:1952–1960 Chollakup R, Tantatherdtam R, Ujjin S, Sriroth K (2011) Pineapple leaf fiber reinforced thermoplastic composites. Effects of fiber length and fiber content on their characteristics. J Appl Polym Sci 119:1952–1960
20.
go back to reference Chand N, Dwivedi UK (2006) Effect of coupling agent on abrasive wear behaviour of chopped jute fibre-reinforced polypropylene composites. Wear 261(10):1057–1063 Chand N, Dwivedi UK (2006) Effect of coupling agent on abrasive wear behaviour of chopped jute fibre-reinforced polypropylene composites. Wear 261(10):1057–1063
21.
go back to reference Daramola OO, Taiwo AS, Oladele IO, Olajide JL, Adeleke SA, Adewuyi BO, Sadiku ER (2021) Mechanical properties of high density polyethylene matrix composites reinforced with chitosan particles. Mater Today Proc 38(2):682–687 CrossRef Daramola OO, Taiwo AS, Oladele IO, Olajide JL, Adeleke SA, Adewuyi BO, Sadiku ER (2021) Mechanical properties of high density polyethylene matrix composites reinforced with chitosan particles. Mater Today Proc 38(2):682–687 CrossRef
22.
go back to reference Kweon H, Ha HC, Um IC, Park YH (2001) Physical properties of silk fibroin/chitosan blend films. J Appl Polym Sci 80:928–934 Kweon H, Ha HC, Um IC, Park YH (2001) Physical properties of silk fibroin/chitosan blend films. J Appl Polym Sci 80:928–934
23.
go back to reference Ayrilmis N, Jarusombuti S, Fueangvivat V, Bauchongkol P, White RH (2011) Coir fiber reinforced polypropylene composite panel for automotive interior applications. Fibers Polym. 12:919 CrossRef Ayrilmis N, Jarusombuti S, Fueangvivat V, Bauchongkol P, White RH (2011) Coir fiber reinforced polypropylene composite panel for automotive interior applications. Fibers Polym. 12:919 CrossRef
27.
go back to reference Ganesan K, Kailasanathan CK, Kumarasamy Y (2015) Analysis of composite leaf spring enhanced with nanoparticles. Carbon Sci Technol 7:34–42 Ganesan K, Kailasanathan CK, Kumarasamy Y (2015) Analysis of composite leaf spring enhanced with nanoparticles. Carbon Sci Technol 7:34–42
28.
go back to reference James H, Dan H (2006) Natural-fiber-reinforced polymer composites in automotive applications. JOM 58:80–86 James H, Dan H (2006) Natural-fiber-reinforced polymer composites in automotive applications. JOM 58:80–86
29.
go back to reference Djafari Petroudy SR (2017) Physical and mechanical properties of natural fibers. In: M Fan, Feng Fu (eds) Advanced high strength natural fibre composites in construction. Woodhead Publishing, pp 59–83 Djafari Petroudy SR (2017) Physical and mechanical properties of natural fibers. In: M Fan, Feng Fu (eds) Advanced high strength natural fibre composites in construction. Woodhead Publishing, pp 59–83
30.
go back to reference Akampumuza O, Wambua PM, Ahmed A, Li W, Qin X-H (2017) Review of the applications of biocomposites in the automotive industry. Polym Compos 38:2553–2569 Akampumuza O, Wambua PM, Ahmed A, Li W, Qin X-H (2017) Review of the applications of biocomposites in the automotive industry. Polym Compos 38:2553–2569
31.
go back to reference Malnati P (2018) Recycled waste products get new life as lightweight cost-effective auto parts. Plast Eng 74:18–25 CrossRef Malnati P (2018) Recycled waste products get new life as lightweight cost-effective auto parts. Plast Eng 74:18–25 CrossRef
32.
go back to reference Edser C (2002) Auto applications drive commercialization of nanocomposites. Plast Addit Compound 4(1):30–33 CrossRef Edser C (2002) Auto applications drive commercialization of nanocomposites. Plast Addit Compound 4(1):30–33 CrossRef
Metadata
Title
Application of Polymer Composite for Weight Reduction in the Automobile Sector Toward a Sustainable Development
Authors
Anand S. Baldota
Vishal J. Dulange
Shahrukh S. Patel
Manoj W. Bhalwankar
Copyright Year
2022
Publisher
Springer Nature Singapore
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-16-9952-8_64

Premium Partners