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Published in: Journal of Happiness Studies 4/2019

26-04-2018 | Research Paper

Appreciation of Others Buffers the Associations of Stressful Life Events with Depressive and Physical Symptoms

Authors: Nathan T. Deichert, Micah Prairie Chicken, Lexus Hodgman

Published in: Journal of Happiness Studies | Issue 4/2019

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Abstract

The current study is a cross-sectional examination of the stress-buffering effects of gratitude. Specifically, the purpose of this study was to examine whether various aspect of gratitude—appreciation of others, simple appreciation, and sense of abundance—functioned equivalently as stress-buffers and alleviated negative psychological and physical reactions to life events. One-hundred eighty-one college students completed self-report, retrospective measures of dispositional gratitude, depressive symptoms, and physical symptoms, as well as the amount of stressful life events experienced. Data were analyzed using multiple hierarchical regression. The results of the analyses revealed significant statistical interactions between appreciation of others, stressful life events, and both depressive and physical symptoms. Specifically, participants reporting a greater sense of appreciation of others also reported lower levels of depressive and physical symptoms when experiencing stress. Our results are consistent with previous research that demonstrates the protective health benefits of gratitude but highlights the importance of considering the unique aspects of the different components of gratitude.
Footnotes
1
We conducted a follow-up study in which 106 undergraduate students completed the main study questionnaires included in this study. Forty-nine participants completed the surveys in the original order with the remaining 57 participants completing the surveys in reverse order. Independent sample t-tests were conducted to test for effects of questionnaire order on participant responses. Results revealed no order effects on any of the main study variables (all p’s > .17).
 
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Metadata
Title
Appreciation of Others Buffers the Associations of Stressful Life Events with Depressive and Physical Symptoms
Authors
Nathan T. Deichert
Micah Prairie Chicken
Lexus Hodgman
Publication date
26-04-2018
Publisher
Springer Netherlands
Published in
Journal of Happiness Studies / Issue 4/2019
Print ISSN: 1389-4978
Electronic ISSN: 1573-7780
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10902-018-9988-9

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