Skip to main content
Top

2018 | OriginalPaper | Chapter

Assessment of Drought in Balangir District of Odisha, India Using Drought Indices

Authors : A. Sudarsan Rao, Jyotiprakash Padhi, Bitanjaya Das

Published in: Climate Change Impacts

Publisher: Springer Singapore

Activate our intelligent search to find suitable subject content or patents.

search-config
loading …

Abstract

Droughts are normally triggered due to lack of rainfall and prolonged droughts have a multiplying effect and mount tremendous stress on natural resources leading to scarcity of water, food, and fodder. Balangir district is a chronically drought-prone area. Therefore this study was carried out to determine drought indices, drought index (DI), moisture indicator (MI), hydrothermal coefficient (HTC), and standardized precipitation index (SPI) to have a preliminary idea to forecast the possibility of occurrence of droughts for the 14 blocks of the district by treating each block as a unit. The drought indices were developed by utilizing historical rainfall data and temperature data during 1961–2007. Marginal droughts return period varies from 2–4 years, 4–16 years for moderate droughts and 24–48 years in case of severe droughts for all the blocks of Balangir district. Deogaon, Loisinga, and Titlagarh are chronically drought-prone areas; therefore these blocks need urgent attention from drought point of view. Balangir, Loisinga, Patnagarh, Puintala, Tentulikhunti, and Titlagarh blocks faced extreme agricultural drought conditions as per 3 months’ SPI value. Extreme hydrological drought conditions faced by Belpara, Balangir, Loisinga, Patnagarh, Puintala, and Tentulikhunti blocks according to 12 months’ SPI value. Agalpur, Bongomunda, Deogaon, Khaprakhol, Muribahal, Saintala, and Tureikela blocks did not experience any extreme dry events based on 3, 6, and 12 months’ SPI value. The analysis of these drought indices led to several useful and practicable inferences for better understanding the drought attributes of the study area. For this reason, this study will help in planning drought preparedness and its mitigation in a realistic and appropriate manner.

Dont have a licence yet? Then find out more about our products and how to get one now:

Springer Professional "Wirtschaft+Technik"

Online-Abonnement

Mit Springer Professional "Wirtschaft+Technik" erhalten Sie Zugriff auf:

  • über 102.000 Bücher
  • über 537 Zeitschriften

aus folgenden Fachgebieten:

  • Automobil + Motoren
  • Bauwesen + Immobilien
  • Business IT + Informatik
  • Elektrotechnik + Elektronik
  • Energie + Nachhaltigkeit
  • Finance + Banking
  • Management + Führung
  • Marketing + Vertrieb
  • Maschinenbau + Werkstoffe
  • Versicherung + Risiko

Jetzt Wissensvorsprung sichern!

Springer Professional "Technik"

Online-Abonnement

Mit Springer Professional "Technik" erhalten Sie Zugriff auf:

  • über 67.000 Bücher
  • über 390 Zeitschriften

aus folgenden Fachgebieten:

  • Automobil + Motoren
  • Bauwesen + Immobilien
  • Business IT + Informatik
  • Elektrotechnik + Elektronik
  • Energie + Nachhaltigkeit
  • Maschinenbau + Werkstoffe




 

Jetzt Wissensvorsprung sichern!

Literature
go back to reference Alley WM (1984) The palmer drought severity index: limitation and assumptions. J Climate Appl Meteorol 23:1100–1109 CrossRef Alley WM (1984) The palmer drought severity index: limitation and assumptions. J Climate Appl Meteorol 23:1100–1109 CrossRef
go back to reference Appa Rao G (1991) Drought and south west monsoon. Training course, Meteorology 3rd WMO Asian/African Monsoon Workshop, Pune, India Appa Rao G (1991) Drought and south west monsoon. Training course, Meteorology 3rd WMO Asian/African Monsoon Workshop, Pune, India
go back to reference Benson C, Clay EJ (1998) The impact of drought on Sub-Saharan African economies: a preliminary examination. World Bank Technical Paper 401, Washington, D.C.: World Bank, p 80 Benson C, Clay EJ (1998) The impact of drought on Sub-Saharan African economies: a preliminary examination. World Bank Technical Paper 401, Washington, D.C.: World Bank, p 80
go back to reference Benson C, Clay EJ (2000) Developing countries and the economic impacts of natural disasters. In: Kreimer A, Arnold M (eds.) Managing disaster risk in emerging economies. Disaster Risk Management Series 2, Washington, D.C.: World Bank, pp 11–21 Benson C, Clay EJ (2000) Developing countries and the economic impacts of natural disasters. In: Kreimer A, Arnold M (eds.) Managing disaster risk in emerging economies. Disaster Risk Management Series 2, Washington, D.C.: World Bank, pp 11–21
go back to reference Budyko MI (1958) The heat balance of the earth’s surface. Translated by Nina A. Stepanova, US Department of Commerce, Washington, D.C., 259 p Budyko MI (1958) The heat balance of the earth’s surface. Translated by Nina A. Stepanova, US Department of Commerce, Washington, D.C., 259 p
go back to reference Gibbs WJ, Maher JV (1967) Rainfall deciles as drought indicators. In: Bureau of meteorology bulletin, no. 48, Commonwealth of Australia, Melbourne Gibbs WJ, Maher JV (1967) Rainfall deciles as drought indicators. In: Bureau of meteorology bulletin, no. 48, Commonwealth of Australia, Melbourne
go back to reference Gore PG, Sinha Ray KC (2002) Drought and aridity over districts of Gujarat. J Agrometeorol 4:75–85 Gore PG, Sinha Ray KC (2002) Drought and aridity over districts of Gujarat. J Agrometeorol 4:75–85
go back to reference Hagman G (1984) Prevention better than cure: report on human and natural disasters in the third world. Swedish Red Cross, Stockholm Hagman G (1984) Prevention better than cure: report on human and natural disasters in the third world. Swedish Red Cross, Stockholm
go back to reference Hayes M, Wilhite DA, Svoboda M, Vanyarkho O (1999) Monitoring the 1996 drought using the standardized precipitation index. Bull Am Meteor Soc 80:429–438 CrossRef Hayes M, Wilhite DA, Svoboda M, Vanyarkho O (1999) Monitoring the 1996 drought using the standardized precipitation index. Bull Am Meteor Soc 80:429–438 CrossRef
go back to reference Heim RR Jr (2000) Drought indices: a review. In: Wilhite (ed) Drought: a global assessment, hazards disasters ser., vol I, pp 159–167. Routledge, New York Heim RR Jr (2000) Drought indices: a review. In: Wilhite (ed) Drought: a global assessment, hazards disasters ser., vol I, pp 159–167. Routledge, New York
go back to reference Hounam CE, Burgos JJ, Kalik MS, Palmer WC, Rodda J (1975) Drought and agriculture. Report of the CAgM working group on assessment of drought. Technical Note No. 138, WMO Publication No. 392, Geneva, Switzerland, 127 pp Hounam CE, Burgos JJ, Kalik MS, Palmer WC, Rodda J (1975) Drought and agriculture. Report of the CAgM working group on assessment of drought. Technical Note No. 138, WMO Publication No. 392, Geneva, Switzerland, 127 pp
go back to reference Ji L, Peters AJ (2003) Assessing vegetation response to drought in the northern great plains using vegetation and drought indices. Remote Sens Environ 87:85–98 CrossRef Ji L, Peters AJ (2003) Assessing vegetation response to drought in the northern great plains using vegetation and drought indices. Remote Sens Environ 87:85–98 CrossRef
go back to reference Lloyd-Hughes B, Saunders MA (2002) A drought climatology for Europe. Int J Climatol 22(13):1571–1592 CrossRef Lloyd-Hughes B, Saunders MA (2002) A drought climatology for Europe. Int J Climatol 22(13):1571–1592 CrossRef
go back to reference McKee TB, Doesken NJ, Kleist J (1993) The relationship of drought frequency and duration to time scales. In: Proceedings of the 8th conference on applied climatology, AMS, Boston, MA, pp 179–184 McKee TB, Doesken NJ, Kleist J (1993) The relationship of drought frequency and duration to time scales. In: Proceedings of the 8th conference on applied climatology, AMS, Boston, MA, pp 179–184
go back to reference McKee TB, Doesken NJ, Kleist J (1995) Drought monitoring with multiple time scales. In: Proceedings of the 9th conference on applied climatology, AMS, Boston, MA, pp 233–236 McKee TB, Doesken NJ, Kleist J (1995) Drought monitoring with multiple time scales. In: Proceedings of the 9th conference on applied climatology, AMS, Boston, MA, pp 233–236
go back to reference Mishra AK, Singh VP (2010) A review of drought concepts. J Hydrol 391:202–216 CrossRef Mishra AK, Singh VP (2010) A review of drought concepts. J Hydrol 391:202–216 CrossRef
go back to reference Narain P, Rao AS, Abrol IP (2000) Managing droughts and Desertification in India—lessons from the past and future strategies. Central Arid zone research Institute, Jodhpur and Center for Advancement of Sustainable Agriculture, New Delhi Narain P, Rao AS, Abrol IP (2000) Managing droughts and Desertification in India—lessons from the past and future strategies. Central Arid zone research Institute, Jodhpur and Center for Advancement of Sustainable Agriculture, New Delhi
go back to reference Palmer WC (1965) Meteorological drought. Research Paper No. 45, US Department of Commerce Weather Bureau, Washington, DC Palmer WC (1965) Meteorological drought. Research Paper No. 45, US Department of Commerce Weather Bureau, Washington, DC
go back to reference Pandey RP, Dash BB, Mishra SK, Singh R (2008) Study of indices for drought characterization in KBK districts in Orissa (India). Hydrol Process 22(12):1895–1907 CrossRef Pandey RP, Dash BB, Mishra SK, Singh R (2008) Study of indices for drought characterization in KBK districts in Orissa (India). Hydrol Process 22(12):1895–1907 CrossRef
go back to reference Patel NR, Chopra P, Dadhwal VK (2007) Analyzing spatial patterns of meteorological drought using standardized precipitation index. Meteorol Appl 14:329–336 CrossRef Patel NR, Chopra P, Dadhwal VK (2007) Analyzing spatial patterns of meteorological drought using standardized precipitation index. Meteorol Appl 14:329–336 CrossRef
go back to reference Rao AS (1997) Impact of droughts on Indian arid ecosystem. Desertification control in the arid ecosystem of India for sustainable development. Agro Botanical Publishers, Bikaner, pp 120–130 Rao AS (1997) Impact of droughts on Indian arid ecosystem. Desertification control in the arid ecosystem of India for sustainable development. Agro Botanical Publishers, Bikaner, pp 120–130
go back to reference Rathore MS (2005) State level analysis of drought policies and impacts in Rajasthan, India. Colombo, Sri Lanka: IWMI, 40 p (Working paper 93: Drought Series Paper No. 6) Rathore MS (2005) State level analysis of drought policies and impacts in Rajasthan, India. Colombo, Sri Lanka: IWMI, 40 p (Working paper 93: Drought Series Paper No. 6)
go back to reference Sahoo BB (2015) Critical appraisal of different drought indices of drought prediction and their application in KBK Districts of Odisha. Master dissertation, National Institute of Technology Rourkela, Odisha, India Sahoo BB (2015) Critical appraisal of different drought indices of drought prediction and their application in KBK Districts of Odisha. Master dissertation, National Institute of Technology Rourkela, Odisha, India
go back to reference Selyaninov GT (1930) Methods of agricultural climatology (in Russian). In Agricultural Meteorology, No. 22 L Selyaninov GT (1930) Methods of agricultural climatology (in Russian). In Agricultural Meteorology, No. 22 L
go back to reference Sinha Ray KC, Shewale MP (2000) Probability of occurrence of drought in various sub-divisions of India. Mausam 52(3):541–546 Sinha Ray KC, Shewale MP (2000) Probability of occurrence of drought in various sub-divisions of India. Mausam 52(3):541–546
go back to reference Subbiah AR (1993) Indian drought management: from vulnerability to resilience. In: White DW (ed) Drought assessment, management and planning: theory and case studies. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Boston, pp 157–179 CrossRef Subbiah AR (1993) Indian drought management: from vulnerability to resilience. In: White DW (ed) Drought assessment, management and planning: theory and case studies. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Boston, pp 157–179 CrossRef
go back to reference Subramanya K (2013) Engineering hydrology. McGraw Hill Education (India) Private Limited, New Delhi, India, pp 534 Subramanya K (2013) Engineering hydrology. McGraw Hill Education (India) Private Limited, New Delhi, India, pp 534
go back to reference Wang L, Qu JJ (2009) Satellite remote sensing applications for surface soil moisture monitoring: a review. Front Earth Sci China 3:237–247 CrossRef Wang L, Qu JJ (2009) Satellite remote sensing applications for surface soil moisture monitoring: a review. Front Earth Sci China 3:237–247 CrossRef
go back to reference Wilhite DA (2000) Drought as a natural hazard: concepts and definitions. In: Wilhite DA (ed) Drought: a global assessment, vol 1. Routledge, London, pp 3–18 Wilhite DA (2000) Drought as a natural hazard: concepts and definitions. In: Wilhite DA (ed) Drought: a global assessment, vol 1. Routledge, London, pp 3–18
go back to reference Wilhite DA, Vanyarkho O (2000) Drought: pervasive impacts of a creeping phenomenon. In: Wilhite DA (ed) Drought: a global assessment, vol 1. Routledge Publishers, London, England, pp 245–255 Wilhite DA, Vanyarkho O (2000) Drought: pervasive impacts of a creeping phenomenon. In: Wilhite DA (ed) Drought: a global assessment, vol 1. Routledge Publishers, London, England, pp 245–255
go back to reference Zargar A, Sadiq R, Naser B, Khan F (2011) A review of drought indices. Environ Rev 19:333–349 CrossRef Zargar A, Sadiq R, Naser B, Khan F (2011) A review of drought indices. Environ Rev 19:333–349 CrossRef
go back to reference Zhang J, Xu Y, Yao F, Wang P, Guo W, Li L, Yang L (2010) Advances in estimation methods of vegetation water content based on optical remote sensing techniques. Sci China-Technol Sci 53:1159–1167 CrossRef Zhang J, Xu Y, Yao F, Wang P, Guo W, Li L, Yang L (2010) Advances in estimation methods of vegetation water content based on optical remote sensing techniques. Sci China-Technol Sci 53:1159–1167 CrossRef
Metadata
Title
Assessment of Drought in Balangir District of Odisha, India Using Drought Indices
Authors
A. Sudarsan Rao
Jyotiprakash Padhi
Bitanjaya Das
Copyright Year
2018
Publisher
Springer Singapore
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-10-5714-4_21