Skip to main content
main-content
Top

Hint

Swipe to navigate through the articles of this issue

24-05-2018 | Original Paper | Issue 10/2018

Rock Mechanics and Rock Engineering 10/2018

Automatic Mapping of Discontinuity Persistence on Rock Masses Using 3D Point Clouds

Journal:
Rock Mechanics and Rock Engineering > Issue 10/2018
Authors:
Adrián Riquelme, Roberto Tomás, Miguel Cano, José Luis Pastor, Antonio Abellán
Important notes

Publisher’s Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Abstract

Finding new ways to quantify discontinuity persistence values in rock masses in an automatic or semi-automatic manner is a considerable challenge, as an alternative to the use of traditional methods based on measuring patches or traces with tapes. Remote sensing techniques potentially provide new ways of analysing visible data from the rock mass. This work presents a methodology for the automatic mapping of discontinuity persistence on rock masses, using 3D point clouds. The method proposed herein starts by clustering points that belong to patches of a given discontinuity. Coplanar clusters are then merged into a single group of points. Persistence is measured in the directions of the dip and strike for each coplanar set of points, resulting in the extraction of the length of the maximum chord and the area of the convex hull. The proposed approach is implemented in a graphic interface with open source software. Three case studies are utilized to illustrate the methodology: (1) small-scale laboratory setup consisting of a regular distribution of cubes with similar dimensions, (2) more complex geometry consisting of a real rock mass surface in an excavated cavern and (3) slope with persistent sub-vertical discontinuities. Results presented good agreement with field measurements, validating the methodology. Complexities and difficulties related to the method (e.g., natural discontinuity waviness) are reported and discussed. An assessment on the applicability of the method to the 3D point cloud is also presented. Utilization of remote sensing data for a more objective characterization of the persistence of planar discontinuities affecting rock masses is highlighted herein.

Please log in to get access to this content

To get access to this content you need the following product:

Springer Professional "Wirtschaft+Technik"

Online-Abonnement

Mit dem Kombi-Abo erhalten Sie vollen Zugriff auf über 1,8 Mio. Dokumente aus mehr als 61.000 Fachbüchern und rund 500 Fachzeitschriften aus folgenden Fachgebieten:

  • Automobil + Motoren
  • Bauwesen + Immobilien
  • Business IT + Informatik
  • Elektrotechnik + Elektronik
  • Energie + Umwelt
  • Finance + Banking
  • Management + Führung
  • Marketing + Vertrieb
  • Maschinenbau + Werkstoffe

Testen Sie jetzt 30 Tage kostenlos.

Springer Professional "Technik"

Online-Abonnement

Mit dem Technik-Abo erhalten Sie Zugriff auf über 1 Mio. Dokumente aus mehr als 40.000 Fachbüchern und 300 Fachzeitschriften aus folgenden Fachgebieten:

  • Automobil + Motoren
  • Bauwesen + Immobilien
  • Business IT + Informatik
  • Elektrotechnik + Elektronik
  • Energie + Umwelt
  • Maschinenbau + Werkstoffe

Testen Sie jetzt 30 Tage kostenlos.

Literature
About this article

Other articles of this Issue 10/2018

Rock Mechanics and Rock Engineering 10/2018 Go to the issue