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About this book

This open access publication examines the impact of connected and automated vehicles on the European city and the conditions that can enable this technology to make a positive contribution to urban development. The authors argue for two theses that have thus far received little attention in scientific discourse: as connected and automated vehicles will not be ready for use in all parts of the city for a long time, previously assumed effects – from traffic safety to traffic performance as well as spatial effects – will need to be re-evaluated. To ensure this technology has a positive impact on the mobility of the future, transport and settlement policy regulations must be adapted and further developed. Established territorial, institutional and organizational boundaries must be investigated and challenged quickly. Despite – or, indeed, because of – the many uncertainties, we find ourselves at the beginning of a new design phase, not only in terms of technology development, but also regarding politics, urban planning, administration and civil society.

Table of Contents

Frontmatter

Open Access

Chapter 1. CONNECTED AND AUTOMATED TRANSPORT

THE ROAD AHEAD
Abstract
At least since the turn of the millennium, it has become clear that Europe’s cities are facing a rising number of increasingly demanding challenges. Climate change and global technological development are two considerable global drivers that are also governing social change in Europe. These two significant aspects require us to re-examine fundamental questions concerning urban development.
Mathias Mitteregger, Emilia M. Bruck, Aggelos Soteropoulos, Andrea Stickler, Martin Berger, Jens S. Dangschat, Rudolf Scheuvens, Ian Banerjee

Open Access

Chapter 2. APPROACH AND KEY AREAS OF FOCUS

THE NEAR-TERM IMPACTS OF CONNECTED AND AUTOMATED VEHICLES ON THE EUROPEAN CITY
Abstract
The aim of the AVENUE21. Connected and Automated Driving: Prospects for Urban Europe research project is to examine the near-term impacts CAT will have on the European city and to analyse the potentials – both positive and negative – of this new technology. By shifting the perspective away from the technological possibilities and their likely applications and towards the possible effects on planning policy, the impacts in terms of urban development and urban societies, we are able to focus our attention on an area that has until now largely been given little, or, in many cases, only selective, consideration.
Mathias Mitteregger, Emilia M. Bruck, Aggelos Soteropoulos, Andrea Stickler, Martin Berger, Jens S. Dangschat, Rudolf Scheuvens, Ian Banerjee

Open Access

Chapter 3. STATUS QUO

HOW THE SHIFT TO NEW MOBILITY IS CHANGING THE EUROPEAN CITY
Abstract
Modern society is in the midst of a rapid, intense and extensive transformation. One of the main reasons for this change is the increasing pace of globalization, which is notably responsible for intensifying trade relations, driving capital markets and thus economic competition between nation states, but also facilitating cultural exchange. A key element that makes it all possible is the ability to communicate globally via the Web 2.0 (see Chap. 3.1.1).
Mathias Mitteregger, Emilia M. Bruck, Aggelos Soteropoulos, Andrea Stickler, Martin Berger, Jens S. Dangschat, Rudolf Scheuvens, Ian Banerjee

Open Access

Chapter 4. CONNECTED AND AUTOMATED TRANSPORT IN THE LONG LEVEL 4

SETTLEMENT DEVELOPMENT, TRANSPORT POLICY AND PLANNING DURING THE TRANSITION PERIOD
Abstract
Connection and automation are the instrumental drivers of change in the transport system – yet they are two fundamentally different trends that are not necessarily related to one another (Perret et al. 2017: 6). Despite this, there is growing emphasis on their simultaneity and parallel development: whereas early research frequently spoke of autonomous driving or autonomous vehicles, more recent articles increasingly use the term “connected and automated vehicles”: “Even though automated vehicles do not necessarily need to be connected and connected vehicles do not require automation, it is expected that in the medium term connectivity will be a major enabler for automated vehicles” (European Commission 2018: 4).
Mathias Mitteregger, Emilia M. Bruck, Aggelos Soteropoulos, Andrea Stickler, Martin Berger, Jens S. Dangschat, Rudolf Scheuvens, Ian Banerjee

Open Access

Chapter 5. SCENARIOS

SHAPING CHANGE AT THE LOCAL LEVEL DURING THE TRANSITION PERIOD
Abstract
Developing scenarios means producing multilayered visualizations of a possible future that take into account economic, technological, social, policy and planning aspects. Starting with an analysis of the current situation, they demonstrate – quantitively or normatively and narratively (Kosow et al. 2008: 52–55) – often idealized options, which are normally characterized by different interests, objectives and interventions (Schulz-Montag/Müller-Stoffels 2006, Wilms 2006, Heinecke 2012, Fagnant/Kockelman 2014b).
Mathias Mitteregger, Emilia M. Bruck, Aggelos Soteropoulos, Andrea Stickler, Martin Berger, Jens S. Dangschat, Rudolf Scheuvens, Ian Banerjee

Open Access

Chapter 6. ACTION PLANS

HOW CONNECTED AND AUTOMATED VEHICLES CAN SHAPE THE MOBILITY SHIFT
Abstract
Media outlets, as well as specialist engineering and science journals, have repeatedly been stating that connected and automated driving will soon be possible on all public roads. But in recent years, doubt has increasingly been cast on this supposed certainty. The analysis conducted as part of this research also suggests that the development of technologies for CA vehicles and infrastructures is moving more slowly than initially anticipated.
Mathias Mitteregger, Emilia M. Bruck, Aggelos Soteropoulos, Andrea Stickler, Martin Berger, Jens S. Dangschat, Rudolf Scheuvens, Ian Banerjee

Backmatter

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