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2020 | OriginalPaper | Chapter

4. Basic Energy Management Systems in Microgrids

Authors : Carlos Bordons, Félix Garcia-Torres, Miguel A. Ridao

Published in: Model Predictive Control of Microgrids

Publisher: Springer International Publishing

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Abstract

This chapter addresses the basic Energy Management System (EMS) for microgrids, which aims to balance generation and demand using storage or the external grid, and corresponds to secondary control, as presented in Chap. 1. This is also known as power sharing or power dispatch, whose purpose is to drive the dispatchable units (Distributed Energy Resources, DERs) to supply local loads in an appropriate way. A basic MPC algorithm is developed in this chapter, which can solve the problem using only continuous variables. In order to illustrate the concept and methodology, the design and implementation of the basic EMS on a pilot-scale microgrid is presented. Simulated and experimental tests are performed under realistic scenarios, showing how MPC can be customized to a particular microgrid. Other issues such as schedule, consideration of degradation and maintenance costs, integration of energy tariffs, or connection to the electrical market will be addressed in Chap. 5.

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Footnotes
1
In case that another sampling time is used, the elements of these matrices are computed multiplying these values by the new sampling time (in seconds).
 
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Metadata
Title
Basic Energy Management Systems in Microgrids
Authors
Carlos Bordons
Félix Garcia-Torres
Miguel A. Ridao
Copyright Year
2020
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-24570-2_4