Skip to main content
main-content
Top

Hint

Swipe to navigate through the chapters of this book

2021 | OriginalPaper | Chapter

13. Becoming Digital: The Need to Redesign Competences and Skills in the Fashion Industry

share
SHARE

Abstract

The digitalisation of fashion companies has a significant impact on required staff skills and competences. This chapter aims to investigate, through the analysis of literature and business practices, how the development of Industry 4.0 affects organisational processes and staff competences, redefining the content of traditional jobs and creating new key roles in the fashion industry. After reviewing the characteristics of Industry 4.0 and, in particular, of the digital fashion factory, this chapter conducts a literature review to identify the set of skills and competences that the research has revealed to be necessary, distinguishing between technical competences and behavioural competences. Some traditional roles of fashion firms (seller, designer, buyer, etc.) are then examined alongside the related new skills and competences that have arisen due to the impact of technology on business processes; necessary skills are defined for new roles with reference to technology, sourcing, manufacturing, and retail, with particular reflections on the role of the digital marketing expert. These technology-related changes impact everything from human resource management processes, which must adapt to new levels of a company’s professionalism, to the need for new tools to support people management activities and new ways of carrying out work that emphasise the need for leadership skills in management roles. Finally, this chapter reflects on the challenges that technological changes pose to companies in terms of organisational culture and the education and training system that must exist to support this new world of work.
Literature
go back to reference Antosz, K. (2018). Maintenance—Identification and analysis of the competency gap. Eksploatacja I Niezawodnos. Maintenance and Reliability, 20(3), 484–494. CrossRef Antosz, K. (2018). Maintenance—Identification and analysis of the competency gap. Eksploatacja I Niezawodnos. Maintenance and Reliability, 20(3), 484–494. CrossRef
go back to reference Ashby, A. (2016). From global to local: Reshoring for sustainability. Operations Management Research, 9(3/4), 75–88. CrossRef Ashby, A. (2016). From global to local: Reshoring for sustainability. Operations Management Research, 9(3/4), 75–88. CrossRef
go back to reference Bayus, B. L. (2013). Crowdsourcing new product ideas over time: An analysis of the Dell IdeaStorm community. Management Science, 59(1), 226–244. CrossRef Bayus, B. L. (2013). Crowdsourcing new product ideas over time: An analysis of the Dell IdeaStorm community. Management Science, 59(1), 226–244. CrossRef
go back to reference Becattini, G. (1998). Distretti industriali e made in Italy. Bollati Boringhieri. Becattini, G. (1998). Distretti industriali e made in Italy. Bollati Boringhieri.
go back to reference Beltrametti L., Guarnacci N., Intini N., & La Forgia C. (2017). La fabbrica connessa. La manifattura italiana (attra)verso Industria 4.0. Guerini e Associati. Beltrametti L., Guarnacci N., Intini N., & La Forgia C. (2017). La fabbrica connessa. La manifattura italiana (attra)verso Industria 4.0. Guerini e Associati.
go back to reference Benešová, A., & Tupa, J. (2017). Requirements for education and qualification of people in Industry 4.0. Procedia Manufacturing, 11, 2195–2202. CrossRef Benešová, A., & Tupa, J. (2017). Requirements for education and qualification of people in Industry 4.0. Procedia Manufacturing, 11, 2195–2202. CrossRef
go back to reference Bertola, P., Colombi, C., & Vacca, F. (2017). Managing the creative process. In E. Rigaud-Lacresse & F. M. Pini (Eds.), New luxury management, Palgrave: Creating and managing sustainable value across the organization (pp. 159–188). MacMillan. Bertola, P., Colombi, C., & Vacca, F. (2017). Managing the creative process. In E. Rigaud-Lacresse & F. M. Pini (Eds.), New luxury management, Palgrave: Creating and managing sustainable value across the organization (pp. 159–188). MacMillan.
go back to reference Bertola, P., & Teunissen, J. (2018). Fashion 4.0. Innovating fashion industry through digital transformation. Research Journal of Textile and Apparel, 22(4), 352–369. Bertola, P., & Teunissen, J. (2018). Fashion 4.0. Innovating fashion industry through digital transformation. Research Journal of Textile and Apparel, 22(4), 352–369.
go back to reference Bonekamp, L., & Matthias, S. (2015). Consequences of Industry 4.0 on human labour and work organization. Journal of Business and Media Psychology, 6(1), 33–40. Bonekamp, L., & Matthias, S. (2015). Consequences of Industry 4.0 on human labour and work organization. Journal of Business and Media Psychology, 6(1), 33–40.
go back to reference Bostrom, N. (2016). Superintelligence: Paths, dangers, strategies. Oxford University Press. Bostrom, N. (2016). Superintelligence: Paths, dangers, strategies. Oxford University Press.
go back to reference Boyatzis, R. E. (1982). The competent manager: A model for effective performance. John Wiley and Sons. Boyatzis, R. E. (1982). The competent manager: A model for effective performance. John Wiley and Sons.
go back to reference Braidotti, R. (2008). The posthuman. Polity Press. Braidotti, R. (2008). The posthuman. Polity Press.
go back to reference Brun, A. (2017). Luxury as a construct: An evolutionary perspective. In E. Rigaud-Lacresse & F. M. Pini (Eds.), Palgrave, advances in luxury (pp. 1–18). MacMillan. Brun, A. (2017). Luxury as a construct: An evolutionary perspective. In E. Rigaud-Lacresse & F. M. Pini (Eds.), Palgrave, advances in luxury (pp. 1–18). MacMillan.
go back to reference Brun, A., Caniato, F., Caridi, M., Castelli, C., Miragliotta, G., Ronchi, S., et al. (2008). Logistics and supply chain management in luxury fashion retail: Empirical investigation of Italian firms. International Journal of Production Economics, 114, 554–570. CrossRef Brun, A., Caniato, F., Caridi, M., Castelli, C., Miragliotta, G., Ronchi, S., et al. (2008). Logistics and supply chain management in luxury fashion retail: Empirical investigation of Italian firms. International Journal of Production Economics, 114, 554–570. CrossRef
go back to reference Buciuni, G., & Finotto, V. (2016). Innovation in global value chains: Co-location of production and development in Italian low-tech industries. Regional Studies, 50(12), 2010–2023. CrossRef Buciuni, G., & Finotto, V. (2016). Innovation in global value chains: Co-location of production and development in Italian low-tech industries. Regional Studies, 50(12), 2010–2023. CrossRef
go back to reference Cascio, W. F., & Montealegre, R. (2016). How technology is changing work and organizations. Annual Review of Organizational Psychology and Organizational Behavior, 3(1), 349–375. Cascio, W. F., & Montealegre, R. (2016). How technology is changing work and organizations. Annual Review of Organizational Psychology and Organizational Behavior, 3(1), 349–375.
go back to reference Cavaliere, V., & Varra, L. (2020). La gestione delle interdipendenze e il coordinamento. In C. Bonti, V. Cavaliere, & E. Cori (Eds.), Lineamenti di organizzazione (pp. 203–233). EGEA. Cavaliere, V., & Varra, L. (2020). La gestione delle interdipendenze e il coordinamento. In C. Bonti, V. Cavaliere, & E. Cori (Eds.), Lineamenti di organizzazione (pp. 203–233). EGEA.
go back to reference Chan, T. Y., Wu, C., & Xie, Y. (2011). Measuring the lifetime value of customers acquired from google search advertising. Marketing Science, 30(5), 837–850. CrossRef Chan, T. Y., Wu, C., & Xie, Y. (2011). Measuring the lifetime value of customers acquired from google search advertising. Marketing Science, 30(5), 837–850. CrossRef
go back to reference Chen, T., & Lin, C. W. (2015). Estimating the simulation workload for factory simulation as a cloud service. Journal of Intelligent Manufacturing, 28, 1–19. Chen, T., & Lin, C. W. (2015). Estimating the simulation workload for factory simulation as a cloud service. Journal of Intelligent Manufacturing, 28, 1–19.
go back to reference Christopher, M., Lowson, R., & Peck, H. (2004). Creating agile supply chains in the fashion Industry. International Journal of Retail & Distribution Management, 32(8), 367–376. CrossRef Christopher, M., Lowson, R., & Peck, H. (2004). Creating agile supply chains in the fashion Industry. International Journal of Retail & Distribution Management, 32(8), 367–376. CrossRef
go back to reference De Felice, F., & Petrillo, A. (2013). Key success factors for organizational innovation in the fashion industry. International Journal of Engineering Business Management, 5, 1–11. CrossRef De Felice, F., & Petrillo, A. (2013). Key success factors for organizational innovation in the fashion industry. International Journal of Engineering Business Management, 5, 1–11. CrossRef
go back to reference Díaz Bermúdez, M., & Flores Juárez, B. F. (2017). Competencies to adopt Industry 4.0 for operations management personnel at automotive parts suppliers in Nuevo Leon. In Proceedings of the international conference on industrial engineering and operations management Bogota, Colombia (pp. 736–747). Díaz Bermúdez, M., & Flores Juárez, B. F. (2017). Competencies to adopt Industry 4.0 for operations management personnel at automotive parts suppliers in Nuevo Leon. In Proceedings of the international conference on industrial engineering and operations management Bogota, Colombia (pp. 736–747).
go back to reference Dinner, I. M., Van Heerde, H. J., & Neslin, S. A. (2014). Driving online and offline sales: The cross-channel effects of traditional, online display, and paid search advertising. Journal of Marketing Research, 51(5), 527–545. CrossRef Dinner, I. M., Van Heerde, H. J., & Neslin, S. A. (2014). Driving online and offline sales: The cross-channel effects of traditional, online display, and paid search advertising. Journal of Marketing Research, 51(5), 527–545. CrossRef
go back to reference Elfenbein, D. W., & Sterling, A. D. (2018). (When) is hiring strategic? Human capital acquisition in the age of algorithms. Strategy Science, 3(4), 668–682. CrossRef Elfenbein, D. W., & Sterling, A. D. (2018). (When) is hiring strategic? Human capital acquisition in the age of algorithms. Strategy Science, 3(4), 668–682. CrossRef
go back to reference Fitsilis, P., Tsoutsa, P., & Gerogiannis, V. (2018). Industry 4.0: Required personnel. International Scientific Journal “Industry 4.0”, 3(3), 130–133. Fitsilis, P., Tsoutsa, P., & Gerogiannis, V. (2018). Industry 4.0: Required personnel. International Scientific Journal “Industry 4.0”, 3(3), 130–133.
go back to reference Fratocchi, L., Di Mauro, C., Barbieri, P., Nassimbeni, G., & Zanoni, A. (2014). When manufacturing moves back: Concepts and questions. Journal of Purchasing and Supply Management, 20(1), 54–59. CrossRef Fratocchi, L., Di Mauro, C., Barbieri, P., Nassimbeni, G., & Zanoni, A. (2014). When manufacturing moves back: Concepts and questions. Journal of Purchasing and Supply Management, 20(1), 54–59. CrossRef
go back to reference Freire, N. A. (2014). When luxury advertising adds the identitary values of luxury: A semiotic analysis. Journal of Business Research, 67, 2666–2675. CrossRef Freire, N. A. (2014). When luxury advertising adds the identitary values of luxury: A semiotic analysis. Journal of Business Research, 67, 2666–2675. CrossRef
go back to reference Gilchrist, A. (2016). Industry 4.0: The industrial internet of things. Apress. Gilchrist, A. (2016). Industry 4.0: The industrial internet of things. Apress.
go back to reference Granger, M. M. (2012). Fashion: The industry and its careers. Fairchild Books. Granger, M. M. (2012). Fashion: The industry and its careers. Fairchild Books.
go back to reference Grzybowska, K., & Łupicka, A. (2017). Key competencies for industry 4.0. Economics & Management Innovations, 1(1), 250–253. Grzybowska, K., & Łupicka, A. (2017). Key competencies for industry 4.0. Economics & Management Innovations, 1(1), 250–253.
go back to reference Guercini, S., & Ranfagni, S. (2013). Sustainability and luxury: The Italian case of a supply chain based on native wools. The Journal of Corporate Citizenship, 52, 76–89. CrossRef Guercini, S., & Ranfagni, S. (2013). Sustainability and luxury: The Italian case of a supply chain based on native wools. The Journal of Corporate Citizenship, 52, 76–89. CrossRef
go back to reference Hartmann, E., & Bovenschulte, M. (2013). Skills needs analysis for “industry 4.0” based on roadmaps for smart systems. In: SKOLKOVO Moscow School of Management & International Labour Organization (Ed.), Using technology foresights for identifying future skills needs (pp. 24–36). Global Workshop Proceedings. Hartmann, E., & Bovenschulte, M. (2013). Skills needs analysis for “industry 4.0” based on roadmaps for smart systems. In: SKOLKOVO Moscow School of Management & International Labour Organization (Ed.), Using technology foresights for identifying future skills needs (pp. 24–36). Global Workshop Proceedings.
go back to reference Hashem, I. A. T., Yaqoob, I., Anuar, N. B., Mokhtar, S., Gani, A., & Khan, S. U. (2015). The rise of big data on cloud computing: Review and open research issues. Information Systems, 47, 98–115. CrossRef Hashem, I. A. T., Yaqoob, I., Anuar, N. B., Mokhtar, S., Gani, A., & Khan, S. U. (2015). The rise of big data on cloud computing: Review and open research issues. Information Systems, 47, 98–115. CrossRef
go back to reference Hecklau, F., Orth, R., Kidschun, R., & Kohl, O. (2017). Human resources management: Meta-study—Analysis of future competences in industry 4.0. file:///C:/Users/lucia/Downloads/Human_Resources_Management_Meta-Study_Analysis_of_Future_Competences_in_Industry_4_0%20(1).pdf. Hecklau, F., Orth, R., Kidschun, R., & Kohl, O. (2017). Human resources management: Meta-study—Analysis of future competences in industry 4.0. file:///C:/Users/lucia/Downloads/Human_Resources_Management_Meta-Study_Analysis_of_Future_Competences_in_Industry_4_0%20(1).pdf.
go back to reference Hermann, M., Pentek, T., & Otto, B. (2016). Design principles for industrie 4.0 scenarios. In 49th Hawaii international conference on system sciences (HICSS) (pp. 3928–3937). Hermann, M., Pentek, T., & Otto, B. (2016). Design principles for industrie 4.0 scenarios. In 49th Hawaii international conference on system sciences (HICSS) (pp. 3928–3937).
go back to reference Hofmann, E., & Rusch, M. (2017). Industry 4.0 and the current status as well as future prospects on logistics. Computers in Industry, 89, 23–34. CrossRef Hofmann, E., & Rusch, M. (2017). Industry 4.0 and the current status as well as future prospects on logistics. Computers in Industry, 89, 23–34. CrossRef
go back to reference Imran, F., & Kantola, J. (2018, 21–25 July). Review of industry 4.0 in the light of sociotechnical system theory and competence-based view: A future research agenda for the evolute approach. In Proceedings of the international conference on applied human factors and ergonomics, Orlando, FL, USA, (pp. 118–128). Springer. Imran, F., & Kantola, J. (2018, 21–25 July). Review of industry 4.0 in the light of sociotechnical system theory and competence-based view: A future research agenda for the evolute approach. In Proceedings of the international conference on applied human factors and ergonomics, Orlando, FL, USA, (pp. 118–128). Springer.
go back to reference Jensen K. R. (2017). Global organizational leadership for luxury companies (2017). In E. Rigaud-Lacresse, & F. M. Pini (Eds.), New luxury management: Creating and managing sustainable value across the organization. Palgrave advances in luxury (pp. 33–46). Jensen K. R. (2017). Global organizational leadership for luxury companies (2017). In E. Rigaud-Lacresse, & F. M. Pini (Eds.), New luxury management: Creating and managing sustainable value across the organization. Palgrave advances in luxury (pp. 33–46).
go back to reference Jerman, A., Bach, M. P., & Aleksić, A. (2019). Transformation towards smart factory system: Examining new job profiles and competencies. Systems Research and Behavioral Science, 37(2), 388–402. CrossRef Jerman, A., Bach, M. P., & Aleksić, A. (2019). Transformation towards smart factory system: Examining new job profiles and competencies. Systems Research and Behavioral Science, 37(2), 388–402. CrossRef
go back to reference Jerman, A., Bach, M. P., & Bertoncelj, A. (2018). A bibliometric and topic analysis on future, competences at smart factories. Machines, 6(41), 1–13. Jerman, A., Bach, M. P., & Bertoncelj, A. (2018). A bibliometric and topic analysis on future, competences at smart factories. Machines, 6(41), 1–13.
go back to reference Kalbaska, N., & Cantoni L. (2019). Digital fashion competences: Market practices and needs. In: R. Rinaldo, & R. Bandinelli (Eds.), Business models and ICT technologies for the fashion supply chain. In Proceedings of IT4Fashion 2017 and IT4Fashion 2018 (pp. 125–135). Springer. Kalbaska, N., & Cantoni L. (2019). Digital fashion competences: Market practices and needs. In: R. Rinaldo, & R. Bandinelli (Eds.), Business models and ICT technologies for the fashion supply chain. In Proceedings of IT4Fashion 2017 and IT4Fashion 2018 (pp. 125–135). Springer.
go back to reference Kannan, P. K., & Li, H. (2017). Digital marketing: A framework, review and research agenda. International Journal of Research in Marketing, 34, 22–45. CrossRef Kannan, P. K., & Li, H. (2017). Digital marketing: A framework, review and research agenda. International Journal of Research in Marketing, 34, 22–45. CrossRef
go back to reference Kapferer, J. N., & Bastien, V. (2009). The specificity of luxury management: Turning marketing upside down. Journal of Brand Management, 16(5), 311–322. Kapferer, J. N., & Bastien, V. (2009). The specificity of luxury management: Turning marketing upside down. Journal of Brand Management, 16(5), 311–322.
go back to reference Kapferer, J. N., & Bastien, V. (2012). The luxury strategy: Break the rules of marketing to build luxury brands. Kogan Page. Kapferer, J. N., & Bastien, V. (2012). The luxury strategy: Break the rules of marketing to build luxury brands. Kogan Page.
go back to reference Kinkel, S., Schemmann, B., & Lichtner, R. (2017). Critical competencies for the innovativeness of value creation champions: Identifying challenges and work-integrated solutions. Procedia Manufacturing, 9, 323–330. CrossRef Kinkel, S., Schemmann, B., & Lichtner, R. (2017). Critical competencies for the innovativeness of value creation champions: Identifying challenges and work-integrated solutions. Procedia Manufacturing, 9, 323–330. CrossRef
go back to reference Kleefstra, A. (2019). A literature review into leadership styles discussed in the past five years. Open Journal of Social Sciences, 7, 180–190. CrossRef Kleefstra, A. (2019). A literature review into leadership styles discussed in the past five years. Open Journal of Social Sciences, 7, 180–190. CrossRef
go back to reference Kong, X. T. R., Luo, H., Huang, G. Q., & Yang, X. (2019). Industrial wearable system: The human-centric empowering technology in Industry 4.0. Journal of Intelligent Manufacturing, 30, 2853–2869. CrossRef Kong, X. T. R., Luo, H., Huang, G. Q., & Yang, X. (2019). Industrial wearable system: The human-centric empowering technology in Industry 4.0. Journal of Intelligent Manufacturing, 30, 2853–2869. CrossRef
go back to reference Leinweber, S. (2013). Etappe 3: Kompetenzmanagement. In M. T. Meifert (Ed.), Strategische Personalentwicklung - Ein Programm in acht Etappen (3rd ed., pp. 145–178). Springer Fachmedien. Leinweber, S. (2013). Etappe 3: Kompetenzmanagement. In M. T. Meifert (Ed.), Strategische Personalentwicklung - Ein Programm in acht Etappen (3rd ed., pp. 145–178). Springer Fachmedien.
go back to reference Li, H., Jain, S., & Kannan, P. K. (2019). Optimal design of free samples for digital products and services. Journal of Marketing Research, 56(3), 419–438. CrossRef Li, H., Jain, S., & Kannan, P. K. (2019). Optimal design of free samples for digital products and services. Journal of Marketing Research, 56(3), 419–438. CrossRef
go back to reference Lin, S., & Piercy, N. (2013). New product development competencies and capabilities: The case of the fashion SME. Journal of General Management, 38(2), 61–77. Lin, S., & Piercy, N. (2013). New product development competencies and capabilities: The case of the fashion SME. Journal of General Management, 38(2), 61–77.
go back to reference Liu, M., Ma, J., Lin, L., Ge, M., Wang, Q., & Liu, C. (2017). Intelligent assembly system for mechanical products and key technology based on internet of things. Journal of Intelligent Manufacturing, 28(2), 271–299. CrossRef Liu, M., Ma, J., Lin, L., Ge, M., Wang, Q., & Liu, C. (2017). Intelligent assembly system for mechanical products and key technology based on internet of things. Journal of Intelligent Manufacturing, 28(2), 271–299. CrossRef
go back to reference Longo, F., Nicoletti, L., & Padovano, A. (2017). Smart operators in industry 4.0: A human-centered approach to enhance operators’ capabilities and competencies within the new smart factory context. Computer and Industrial Engineering, 113, 144–159. CrossRef Longo, F., Nicoletti, L., & Padovano, A. (2017). Smart operators in industry 4.0: A human-centered approach to enhance operators’ capabilities and competencies within the new smart factory context. Computer and Industrial Engineering, 113, 144–159. CrossRef
go back to reference Luo, L., & Toubia, O. (2015). Improving online idea generation platforms and customizing the task structure on the basis of consumers’ domain-specific knowledge. Journal of Marketing, 79(5), 100–114. CrossRef Luo, L., & Toubia, O. (2015). Improving online idea generation platforms and customizing the task structure on the basis of consumers’ domain-specific knowledge. Journal of Marketing, 79(5), 100–114. CrossRef
go back to reference Mabkhot, M. M., Al-Ahmari, A. M., Salah, B., & Alkhalefah, H. (2018). Requirements of the smart factory system: A survey and perspective. Machines, 6(2), 1–22. CrossRef Mabkhot, M. M., Al-Ahmari, A. M., Salah, B., & Alkhalefah, H. (2018). Requirements of the smart factory system: A survey and perspective. Machines, 6(2), 1–22. CrossRef
go back to reference Magone, A., & Mazali, T. (2016). Industria 4.0: Uomini e machine nella fabbrica digitale. Guerini e Associati Edizioni. Magone, A., & Mazali, T. (2016). Industria 4.0: Uomini e machine nella fabbrica digitale. Guerini e Associati Edizioni.
go back to reference Majeed, M. A. A., & Rupasinghe, T. D. (2017). Internet of things (IoT) embedded future supply chains for industry 4.0: An assessment from an ERP-based fashion apparel and footwear industry. International Journal of Supply Chain Management, 6(1), 25–40. Majeed, M. A. A., & Rupasinghe, T. D. (2017). Internet of things (IoT) embedded future supply chains for industry 4.0: An assessment from an ERP-based fashion apparel and footwear industry. International Journal of Supply Chain Management, 6(1), 25–40.
go back to reference McClelland, D. C. (1973). Testing for competence rather than for intelligence. American Psychologist, 28(1), 1–14. CrossRef McClelland, D. C. (1973). Testing for competence rather than for intelligence. American Psychologist, 28(1), 1–14. CrossRef
go back to reference Mintzberg, H. (1983). La progettazione dell’organizzazione aziendale. Il Mulino. Mintzberg, H. (1983). La progettazione dell’organizzazione aziendale. Il Mulino.
go back to reference Nagorny, K., Lima-Mointeiro, P., Barata, J., & Colombo, A. W. (2017). Big data analysis in smart manufacturing: A review. International Journal of Communications, Network and System Sciences, 10(3), 31–58. CrossRef Nagorny, K., Lima-Mointeiro, P., Barata, J., & Colombo, A. W. (2017). Big data analysis in smart manufacturing: A review. International Journal of Communications, Network and System Sciences, 10(3), 31–58. CrossRef
go back to reference Nonaka, I., & Takeuchi, H. (1995). The knowledge-creating company: How Japanese companies create the dynamics of innovation. Oxford University Press. Nonaka, I., & Takeuchi, H. (1995). The knowledge-creating company: How Japanese companies create the dynamics of innovation. Oxford University Press.
go back to reference Nyikes, Z. (2018). Contemporary digital competency review. Interdisciplinary Description of Complex Systems: INDECS, 16(1), 124–131. CrossRef Nyikes, Z. (2018). Contemporary digital competency review. Interdisciplinary Description of Complex Systems: INDECS, 16(1), 124–131. CrossRef
go back to reference Obitko, M., Jirkovský, V., & Bezdíćek, J. (2013). Big data challenges in industrial automation. In V. Mařík, J. L. Martinez Lastra, & P. Skobelev (Eds.) Applications of Holonic and multi-agent systems (pp. 305–316). Springer. Obitko, M., Jirkovský, V., & Bezdíćek, J. (2013). Big data challenges in industrial automation. In V. Mařík, J. L. Martinez Lastra, & P. Skobelev (Eds.) Applications of Holonic and multi-agent systems (pp. 305–316). Springer.
go back to reference Onik, M. M. H., Miraz, M. H., & Kim, C. S. (2018). A recruitment and human resource management technique using Blockchain technology for Industry 4.0. In Proceedings of the smart cities symposium (SCS-2018) (pp. 11–16). Onik, M. M. H., Miraz, M. H., & Kim, C. S. (2018). A recruitment and human resource management technique using Blockchain technology for Industry 4.0. In Proceedings of the smart cities symposium (SCS-2018) (pp. 11–16).
go back to reference Ozuem, W., Howell, K. E., & Lancaster, G. (2008). Communicating in the new interactive marketspace. European Journal of Marketing, 42(9/10), 1059–1083. CrossRef Ozuem, W., Howell, K. E., & Lancaster, G. (2008). Communicating in the new interactive marketspace. European Journal of Marketing, 42(9/10), 1059–1083. CrossRef
go back to reference Ozuem, W., Patel, A., Howell, K. E., & Lancaster, G. (2017). An exploration of customers’ response to online service recovery initiatives. International Journal of Market Research, 59(1), 97–116. Ozuem, W., Patel, A., Howell, K. E., & Lancaster, G. (2017). An exploration of customers’ response to online service recovery initiatives. International Journal of Market Research, 59(1), 97–116.
go back to reference Ozuem, W., Thomas, T., & Lancaster, G. (2016). The influence of customer loyalty on small island economies: An empirical and exploratory study. Journal of Strategic Marketing, 24(6), 447–469. CrossRef Ozuem, W., Thomas, T., & Lancaster, G. (2016). The influence of customer loyalty on small island economies: An empirical and exploratory study. Journal of Strategic Marketing, 24(6), 447–469. CrossRef
go back to reference Pecina, P., & Sladek, P. (2017, 6–8 March). Fourth industrial revolution and technical education. In Proceedings of the 11th international conference on technology, education and development (INTED), Valencia, Spain (pp. 2089–2093). Pecina, P., & Sladek, P. (2017, 6–8 March). Fourth industrial revolution and technical education. In Proceedings of the 11th international conference on technology, education and development (INTED), Valencia, Spain (pp. 2089–2093).
go back to reference Piccarozzi, M., Aquilani, B., & Gatti, C. (2018). Industry 4.0 in management studies: A systematic literature review. Sustainability, 10(10), 3821–3845. Piccarozzi, M., Aquilani, B., & Gatti, C. (2018). Industry 4.0 in management studies: A systematic literature review. Sustainability, 10(10), 3821–3845.
go back to reference Piwowar-Sulej, K. (2020). Human resource management in the context of industry 4.0. Scientific Quarterly Organization and Management, 1(49), 103–113. Piwowar-Sulej, K. (2020). Human resource management in the context of industry 4.0. Scientific Quarterly Organization and Management, 1(49), 103–113.
go back to reference Polanji, M. (1966). The tacit dimension. Routledge & Kegan Paul. Polanji, M. (1966). The tacit dimension. Routledge & Kegan Paul.
go back to reference Prifti, L., Knigge, M., Kienegger, H., & Krcmar, H. (2017). “A competency model for “Industrie 4.0” employees. In J. M. Leimeister, & W. Brenner (Eds.). Proceedings der 13. Internationalen Tagung Wirtschaftsinformatik (WI 2017), St. Gallen, S. (pp. 46–60). https://​wi2017.​ch/​images/​wi2017-0262.​pdf. Accessed 29 November 2020. Prifti, L., Knigge, M., Kienegger, H., & Krcmar, H. (2017). “A competency model for “Industrie 4.0” employees. In J. M. Leimeister, & W. Brenner (Eds.). Proceedings der 13. Internationalen Tagung Wirtschaftsinformatik (WI 2017), St. Gallen, S. (pp. 46–60). https://​wi2017.​ch/​images/​wi2017-0262.​pdf. Accessed 29 November 2020.
go back to reference Roberts, G. (1997). Recruitment and selection: A competency approach. Chartered Institute of Personnel and Development. Roberts, G. (1997). Recruitment and selection: A competency approach. Chartered Institute of Personnel and Development.
go back to reference Rowe, C. (1995). Clarifying the use of competence and competency models in recruitment, assessment and staff development. Industrial and Commercial Training, 27(11), 12–17. CrossRef Rowe, C. (1995). Clarifying the use of competence and competency models in recruitment, assessment and staff development. Industrial and Commercial Training, 27(11), 12–17. CrossRef
go back to reference Scheer, A.-W. (2012). Industrierevolution 4.0 ist mit weitreichenden organisatorischen Konsequenzen verbunden! Information Management & Consulting, 3, 10–11. Scheer, A.-W. (2012). Industrierevolution 4.0 ist mit weitreichenden organisatorischen Konsequenzen verbunden! Information Management & Consulting, 3, 10–11.
go back to reference Schwab, K. (2017). The fourth industrial revolution. Crown Business. Schwab, K. (2017). The fourth industrial revolution. Crown Business.
go back to reference Silva, E. S., Hassani, H., & Madsen, D. Ø. (2020). Big Data in fashion: Transforming the retail sector. Journal of Business Strategy, 41(4), 21–27. CrossRef Silva, E. S., Hassani, H., & Madsen, D. Ø. (2020). Big Data in fashion: Transforming the retail sector. Journal of Business Strategy, 41(4), 21–27. CrossRef
go back to reference Sinsel, A., Bangert, C., Stoldt, J., & Buttner, T. (2017). Economic evaluation of the smart ffactory—An approach to the assessment of digitalization in production. Zeitschrift Für Wirtschaftlichen Fabrikbetrieb, 112(9), 602–606. CrossRef Sinsel, A., Bangert, C., Stoldt, J., & Buttner, T. (2017). Economic evaluation of the smart ffactory—An approach to the assessment of digitalization in production. Zeitschrift Für Wirtschaftlichen Fabrikbetrieb, 112(9), 602–606. CrossRef
go back to reference Sivathanu, B., & Pillai, R. (2018). Smart HR 4.0—How industry 4.0 is disrupting HR. Human Resource Management International Digest, 26(4), 7–11. Sivathanu, B., & Pillai, R. (2018). Smart HR 4.0—How industry 4.0 is disrupting HR. Human Resource Management International Digest, 26(4), 7–11.
go back to reference Som, A., & Blanckaert, C. (2015). The road to luxury: The evolution, markets and strategies of luxury brand management. John Wiley & Sons. Som, A., & Blanckaert, C. (2015). The road to luxury: The evolution, markets and strategies of luxury brand management. John Wiley & Sons.
go back to reference Spencer, L. M., & Spencer, S. M. (1993). Competence at work: Models for superior performance. Wiley. Spencer, L. M., & Spencer, S. M. (1993). Competence at work: Models for superior performance. Wiley.
go back to reference Sun, L., & Zhao, L. (2017). Envisioning the era of 3D printing: A conceptual model for the fashion industry. Fashion and Textiles, 4(25), 2–16. Sun, L., & Zhao, L. (2017). Envisioning the era of 3D printing: A conceptual model for the fashion industry. Fashion and Textiles, 4(25), 2–16.
go back to reference Sun, L., & Zhao, L. (2018). Technology disruptions: Exploring the changing roles of designers, makers, and users in the fashion industry. International Journal of Fashion Design, Technology and Education, 11(3), 362–374. CrossRef Sun, L., & Zhao, L. (2018). Technology disruptions: Exploring the changing roles of designers, makers, and users in the fashion industry. International Journal of Fashion Design, Technology and Education, 11(3), 362–374. CrossRef
go back to reference Tao, F., Cheng, Y., Xu, L. D., Zhang, L., & Li, B. H. (2014). CCIoT-CMfg: Cloud computing and internet of things-based cloud manufacturing service system. IEEE Transactions on Industrial Informatics, 10(2), 1435–1442. CrossRef Tao, F., Cheng, Y., Xu, L. D., Zhang, L., & Li, B. H. (2014). CCIoT-CMfg: Cloud computing and internet of things-based cloud manufacturing service system. IEEE Transactions on Industrial Informatics, 10(2), 1435–1442. CrossRef
go back to reference Tao, F., Qi, Q., Liu, A., & Kusiak, A. (2018). Data-driven smart manufacturing. Journal of Manufacturing Systems, 48, 157–169. CrossRef Tao, F., Qi, Q., Liu, A., & Kusiak, A. (2018). Data-driven smart manufacturing. Journal of Manufacturing Systems, 48, 157–169. CrossRef
go back to reference Thompson, J. D. (1967). Organizations in action. McGraw-Hill. Thompson, J. D. (1967). Organizations in action. McGraw-Hill.
go back to reference Torres, M. V. T., Cardelle-Elawar, M., Mena, M. J. B., & Sanchez, A. M. M. (2003). Social background, gender and self-reported social competence in 11- and 12-year-old Andalusian children. Electronic Journal of Research in Educational Psychology, 1(2), 38–56. Torres, M. V. T., Cardelle-Elawar, M., Mena, M. J. B., & Sanchez, A. M. M. (2003). Social background, gender and self-reported social competence in 11- and 12-year-old Andalusian children. Electronic Journal of Research in Educational Psychology, 1(2), 38–56.
go back to reference Trstenjak, M. (2018). Challenges of human resources management with implementation of industry 4.0. file:///C:/Users/lucia/Downloads/956303.IoTSm_2018_paper_87.pdf. Accessed 29 November 2020. Trstenjak, M. (2018). Challenges of human resources management with implementation of industry 4.0. file:///C:/Users/lucia/Downloads/956303.IoTSm_2018_paper_87.pdf. Accessed 29 November 2020.
go back to reference Ugur, M., Churchill, S. A., & Solomon, E. (2018). Technological innovation and employment in derived labour demand models: A hierarchical meta-regression analysis. Journal of Economic Surveys, 32(1), 50–82. CrossRef Ugur, M., Churchill, S. A., & Solomon, E. (2018). Technological innovation and employment in derived labour demand models: A hierarchical meta-regression analysis. Journal of Economic Surveys, 32(1), 50–82. CrossRef
go back to reference Ustundag, A., & Cevikcan, E. (2017). Industry 4.0: Managing the digital transformation. Springer. Ustundag, A., & Cevikcan, E. (2017). Industry 4.0: Managing the digital transformation. Springer.
go back to reference Vacca, F. (2015). Artisanal advanced design: Advanced manufacturing processes as a tool to revitalize peculiar Italian (craft)productions. In L. Collina, L. Galluzzo, & A. Meroni (Eds.), The virtuous circle: Design culture and experimentation (pp. 703–715). Proceedings of the Cumulus Conference, Milano, McGraw–Hill, Milano. Vacca, F. (2015). Artisanal advanced design: Advanced manufacturing processes as a tool to revitalize peculiar Italian (craft)productions. In L. Collina, L. Galluzzo, & A. Meroni (Eds.), The virtuous circle: Design culture and experimentation (pp. 703–715). Proceedings of the Cumulus Conference, Milano, McGraw–Hill, Milano.
go back to reference Vacek, J. (2016). Socio-economic aspects of Industry 4.0. In Proceeding of 4th international conference on innovation management, entrepreneurship and corporate sustainability (IMECS) (pp. 731–741). Vacek, J. (2016). Socio-economic aspects of Industry 4.0. In Proceeding of 4th international conference on innovation management, entrepreneurship and corporate sustainability (IMECS) (pp. 731–741).
go back to reference Varra, L. (2012). L’innovazione in azienda: razionalità e creatività nei relativi processi decisionali e organizzativi. CEDAM. Varra, L. (2012). L’innovazione in azienda: razionalità e creatività nei relativi processi decisionali e organizzativi. CEDAM.
go back to reference Varra, L. (2020). Sulla decisione di assunzione: Approcci, contenuti di strategicità e caratteri della scelta. In V. Cavaliere (a cura), Employability e soft skilldegli studenti universitari. Un modello di analisi del mismatchnella prospettiva manageriale. Implicazioni per l’alta formazionee i career service (pp. 77–99). Pacini. Varra, L. (2020). Sulla decisione di assunzione: Approcci, contenuti di strategicità e caratteri della scelta. In V. Cavaliere (a cura), Employability e soft skilldegli studenti universitari. Un modello di analisi del mismatchnella prospettiva manageriale. Implicazioni per l’alta formazionee i career service (pp. 77–99). Pacini.
go back to reference Varra, L., & Timolo, M. (2017, 13–15, September). Sustainable human resource management and CSR performance measurement: Sseeking an integration through international standards. In 9th conference on performance measurement and management control- EIASM conference proceedings, Nice, France (pp. 1–31). Varra, L., & Timolo, M. (2017, 13–15, September). Sustainable human resource management and CSR performance measurement: Sseeking an integration through international standards. In 9th conference on performance measurement and management control- EIASM conference proceedings, Nice, France (pp. 1–31).
go back to reference Wan, J., Chen, M., Xia, F., Li, D., & Zhou, K. (2013). From machine-to-machine communications towards cyberphysical systems. Computer Science and Information Systems, 10(3), 1105–1128. CrossRef Wan, J., Chen, M., Xia, F., Li, D., & Zhou, K. (2013). From machine-to-machine communications towards cyberphysical systems. Computer Science and Information Systems, 10(3), 1105–1128. CrossRef
go back to reference Waterman, K. K., & Bruening, P. J. (2014). Big data analytics: Risks and responsibilities. International Data Privacy Law, 4(2), 89–95. CrossRef Waterman, K. K., & Bruening, P. J. (2014). Big data analytics: Risks and responsibilities. International Data Privacy Law, 4(2), 89–95. CrossRef
go back to reference Weyer, S., Schmitt, M., Ohmer, M., & Gorecky, D. (2015). Towards industry 4.0—Standardization as the crucial challenge for highly modular, multi-vendor production systems. IFAC-PapersOnLine, 48(3), 579–584. Weyer, S., Schmitt, M., Ohmer, M., & Gorecky, D. (2015). Towards industry 4.0—Standardization as the crucial challenge for highly modular, multi-vendor production systems. IFAC-PapersOnLine, 48(3), 579–584.
go back to reference Whysall, Z., Owtram, M., & Brittain, S. (2019). The new talent management challenges of Industry 4.0. Journal of Management Development, 38(2), 118–129. Whysall, Z., Owtram, M., & Brittain, S. (2019). The new talent management challenges of Industry 4.0. Journal of Management Development, 38(2), 118–129.
go back to reference Wu, D., Liu, X., Hebert, S., Gentzsch, W., & Terpenny, J. (2017). Democratizing digital design and manufacturing using high performance cloud computing: Performance evaluation and benchmarking. Journal of Manufacturing Systems, 43, 316–326. CrossRef Wu, D., Liu, X., Hebert, S., Gentzsch, W., & Terpenny, J. (2017). Democratizing digital design and manufacturing using high performance cloud computing: Performance evaluation and benchmarking. Journal of Manufacturing Systems, 43, 316–326. CrossRef
go back to reference Zhang, J., Ding, G., Zou, Y., Qin, S., & Fu, J. (2019). Review of job shop scheduling research and its new perspectives under Industry 4.0. Journal of Intelligent Manufacturing, 30, 1809–1830. CrossRef Zhang, J., Ding, G., Zou, Y., Qin, S., & Fu, J. (2019). Review of job shop scheduling research and its new perspectives under Industry 4.0. Journal of Intelligent Manufacturing, 30, 1809–1830. CrossRef
go back to reference Zhong, R. Y., Xun, X., Klotz, E., & Newman, S. T. (2017). Intelligent manufacturing in the context of industry 4.0: A review. Engineering, 3, 616–630. CrossRef Zhong, R. Y., Xun, X., Klotz, E., & Newman, S. T. (2017). Intelligent manufacturing in the context of industry 4.0: A review. Engineering, 3, 616–630. CrossRef
go back to reference Zhou, K., Liu, T., & Zhou, L. (2015). Industry 4.0: Towards future industrial opportunities and challenges. In IEEE, 12th international conference on fuzzy systems and knowledge discovery (FSKD) (pp. 2147–2152). Zhou, K., Liu, T., & Zhou, L. (2015). Industry 4.0: Towards future industrial opportunities and challenges. In IEEE, 12th international conference on fuzzy systems and knowledge discovery (FSKD) (pp. 2147–2152).
Metadata
Title
Becoming Digital: The Need to Redesign Competences and Skills in the Fashion Industry
Author
Lucia Varra
Copyright Year
2021
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-70324-0_13