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Published in: Innovative Infrastructure Solutions 1/2018

01-12-2018 | Technical Note

Beneficiated pozzolans as cement replacement in bamboo-reinforced concrete: the intrinsic characteristics

Authors: Shanmugam Karthik, Ram Mohan Rao, Paul Awoyera, Isaac Akinwumi, Tani Karthikeyan, Appukutty Revathi, JothiBharathi Mathivanan, Velumani Manikandan, Subramaniyan Saravanan

Published in: Innovative Infrastructure Solutions | Issue 1/2018

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Abstract

The use of concrete containing supplementary cementitious materials has gained popularity as an eco-efficient and sustainable alternative to a number of concrete applications. In this study, beneficiated pozzolans, ground granulated blast furnace slag (GGBS) and metakaolin (MK), were used as partial replacement of ordinary Portland cement in bamboo-reinforced concrete. In the mixtures, river sand and granite were used as fine and coarse aggregates, respectively. The compressive strength of concrete cubes, split-tensile strength of concrete cylinders, and flexural strength of reinforced concrete beams were determined after stipulated curing regimes. The morphology and mineralogy of bamboo and selected concrete mixtures were obtained using scanning electron microscope and X-ray diffraction, respectively. The concrete samples having blended cement were found to have better compressive and split-tensile strength than those made with conventional binder. Also, the mechanical characteristics of the samples improved up to 40% GGBS substitution. However, steel-reinforced concrete developed better flexural strength than the bamboo-reinforced concrete (BRC). The study recommends pretreatment of bamboo to ensure its adequate bonding with the cement paste, so as to achieve optimum performance of BRC.

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Metadata
Title
Beneficiated pozzolans as cement replacement in bamboo-reinforced concrete: the intrinsic characteristics
Authors
Shanmugam Karthik
Ram Mohan Rao
Paul Awoyera
Isaac Akinwumi
Tani Karthikeyan
Appukutty Revathi
JothiBharathi Mathivanan
Velumani Manikandan
Subramaniyan Saravanan
Publication date
01-12-2018
Publisher
Springer International Publishing
Published in
Innovative Infrastructure Solutions / Issue 1/2018
Print ISSN: 2364-4176
Electronic ISSN: 2364-4184
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s41062-018-0157-0