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09-07-2020 | Original Research | Issue 13/2020

Cellulose 13/2020

Biomimetic, dopamine-modified superhydrophobic cotton fabric for oil–water separation

Journal:
Cellulose > Issue 13/2020
Authors:
Xiaojie Yan, Xiaowei Zhu, Yuting Ruan, Tieling Xing, Guoqiang Chen, Chunxiao Zhou
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Abstract

Oily wastewater seriously pollutes the environment, and is difficult to separate. In this work, superhydrophobic cotton fabrics were fabricated through the combination of micro–nano-binary structure of polydopamine (PDA) and grafting of octadecylamine (ODA). Herein, fluorine-free compounds were used. The PDA binary structure was rapidly deposited on cotton fabric under the catalysis of metal salts and oxidants. Then, the ODA was grafted onto the cotton fabric through Schiff base reaction with o-quinone formed by oxidation of the catechol structure of PDA, which covered the surface of PDA coated cotton fabric. The superhydrophobic cotton fabric with contact angle up to 163.7° and scroll angle around 9° was obtained. Due to the excellent adhesion of polydopamine, the superhydrophobic cotton fabric demonstrated great stability and durability under a variety of harsh environmental conditions. After coating the polyurethane (PU) sponge with the prepared superhydrophobic cotton fabric, an oil absorbing bag was made and it showed good oil–water separation even after being reused 20 times, and the prepared cotton fabric also had excellent self-cleaning performance. This facile strategy of preparation of superhydrophobic materials for continuous oil–water separation is quick, efficient and environmentally friendly, which has great prospect for application in removal of marine oil spills.

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