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2019 | OriginalPaper | Chapter

Bioplastics and Circular Economy—Performance Indicators to Identify Optimal Pathways

Authors : Sebastian Spierling, Venkateshwaran Venkatachalam, Hannah Behnsen, Christoph Herrmann, Hans-Josef Endres

Published in: Progress in Life Cycle Assessment

Publisher: Springer International Publishing

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Abstract

With a growing demand of resources and environmental issues like climate change, circular economy has become an inevitable fundamental principle in resource consumption. While conventional plastics have become an essential material group in the 20th century, bio-based and/or biodegradable alternatives are still evolving. Principles of the circular economy need to be implemented for all kinds of material flows and bioplastic is no exception, as biomass is a limited resource as well. To identifiy environmentally favourable pathways for bioplastic waste streams, it is helpful to develop suitable specific indicators. To review the current status quo, a literature review was conducted with focus on (bio-) plastics. While general circular economy approaches are available manifold, only few literature on specific circular economy indicators for (bio-) plastics is available. Especially the aspect of biodegradability is unique for bioplastics and therefore enables further waste treatment options. An already existing framework is therefore extended for these waste treatment options to enable the identification of optimal pathways also for biodegradable plastics.

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Metadata
Title
Bioplastics and Circular Economy—Performance Indicators to Identify Optimal Pathways
Authors
Sebastian Spierling
Venkateshwaran Venkatachalam
Hannah Behnsen
Christoph Herrmann
Hans-Josef Endres
Copyright Year
2019
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-92237-9_16

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