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2024 | OriginalPaper | Chapter

Carbon Nanotubes for Supercapacitors

Authors : Shilpa Simon, V. P. Aswathi, Sachin Sunny, P. B. Sreeja

Published in: NanoCarbon: A Wonder Material for Energy Applications

Publisher: Springer Nature Singapore

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Abstract

Supercapacitors are energy storage devices that boast significant capacitance, enhanced energy density, rapid charge/discharge cycles, minimal heat generation, safety, sustainability with no expendable components, and extended durability. Supercapacitors, due to their unique characteristics, are increasingly favoured in consumer electronics and as alternate energy solutions. Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) have emerged as a promising material for supercapacitor electrodes, thanks to their remarkable features like exceptional conductivity, large surface area, robust mechanical strength, and chemical stability. The objective is to offer a comprehensive understanding of the pros and cons of supercapacitor materials involving CNTs and to pinpoint ways to boost their efficiency. This also entails examining how the inherent physical and chemical traits of pure CNTs, such as their size, quality, imperfections, shape, modifications, and treatment processes, influence their capacitance. Moreover, a deeper dive into composites, like CNTs combined with oxides, polymers, and other hybrid materials, aims to customize their composition and characteristics to optimize capacitance while ensuring the device’s longevity. This section also compiles the latest studies on various CNT composites as potential supercapacitor electrode materials.

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Metadata
Title
Carbon Nanotubes for Supercapacitors
Authors
Shilpa Simon
V. P. Aswathi
Sachin Sunny
P. B. Sreeja
Copyright Year
2024
Publisher
Springer Nature Singapore
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-99-9931-6_11