Skip to main content
main-content
Top

Hint

Swipe to navigate through the articles of this issue

01-04-2012 | Issue 2/2012

Cellulose 2/2012

Cellulose gel and aerogel from LiCl/DMSO solution

Journal:
Cellulose > Issue 2/2012
Authors:
Zhiguo Wang, Shilin Liu, Yuji Matsumoto, Shigenori Kuga

Abstract

Recently-discovered lignocellulosic solvent, 8%(w/w) lithium chloride/dimethyl sulfoxide (LiCl/DMSO), was found to dissolve cellulose of varied crystal forms and degree of polymerization. Cellulose samples could be activated for dissolution by complexation with ethylenediamine (EDA), giving EDA contents of 20–23% (w/w) in the complex irrespective of the cellulose type. The cellulose solution gave well-resolved 13C NMR spectrum, confirming molecular dispersion. Cellulose could be coagulated by ethanol to give translucent cellulose gels, which could be converted to highly porous aerogels via solvent exchange drying. Nitrogen adsorption analysis gave their specific surface areas of 190–213 m2/g, with typical mesopore sizes of 10–60 nm. Scanning electron microscopy revealed the network structure of aerogel composed of relatively straight fibril segments, approx. 20 nm wide and 100–1,000 nm long. X-ray diffraction showed that the material is poorly crystalline cellulose II.

Please log in to get access to this content

To get access to this content you need the following product:

Springer Professional "Technik"

Online-Abonnement

Mit Springer Professional "Technik" erhalten Sie Zugriff auf:

  • über 50.000 Bücher
  • über 380 Zeitschriften

aus folgenden Fachgebieten:

  • Automobil + Motoren
  • Bauwesen + Immobilien
  • Business IT + Informatik
  • Elektrotechnik + Elektronik
  • Energie + Umwelt
  • Maschinenbau + Werkstoffe




Testen Sie jetzt 30 Tage kostenlos.

Springer Professional "Wirtschaft+Technik"

Online-Abonnement

Mit Springer Professional "Wirtschaft+Technik" erhalten Sie Zugriff auf:

  • über 69.000 Bücher
  • über 500 Zeitschriften

aus folgenden Fachgebieten:

  • Automobil + Motoren
  • Bauwesen + Immobilien
  • Business IT + Informatik
  • Elektrotechnik + Elektronik
  • Energie + Umwelt
  • Finance + Banking
  • Management + Führung
  • Marketing + Vertrieb
  • Maschinenbau + Werkstoffe
  • Versicherung + Risiko

Testen Sie jetzt 30 Tage kostenlos.

Literature
About this article

Other articles of this Issue 2/2012

Cellulose 2/2012 Go to the issue