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Published in: Asian Journal of Business Ethics 1/2021

10-01-2021

Challenges of the virtue of friendship (Philia) in the mining industry: a case of multicultural society of Indonesia

Author: Unang Mulkhan

Published in: Asian Journal of Business Ethics | Issue 1/2021

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Abstract

This paper aims to explore challenges of the Aristotelian friendship (philia) in multicultural society and in the specific industrial and organizational contexts. Data was collected from forty-eight participant interviews with managers and employees of four mining companies in Indonesia with twelve informants from each company, both management and employees. The paper found that the virtue of friendship within the mining companies has several drawbacks when an imbalance of power exists between managers and employees. This paper suggests that to understand virtue of friendship in a multi-ethnic and multicultural context, it is essential to ground the conceptual framework in both Aristotle’s views and specific cultural sensitivities, as only then can the full story be grasped. Thus, this paper contributes to bring insights into an under-explored, complex and, at times, paradoxical context, explaining that Aristotelian virtue ethics encounters cultural aspects and a specific context of human relationships which make challenges for business organizations to be virtuous. More importantly, this paper also paves the path towards further discussions and studies on virtue ethics to set a conceptual framework in both virtue ethics and specific cultural sensitivities for business ethics. Practically, this paper provides a valuable insight for business organizations especially business leaders, human resources (HR) and corporate social responsibility (CSR) practitioners, as it offers practice on how to avoid moral lapses in their day-to-day working relationships inside the organization as well as their relationships with the community.

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Metadata
Title
Challenges of the virtue of friendship (Philia) in the mining industry: a case of multicultural society of Indonesia
Author
Unang Mulkhan
Publication date
10-01-2021
Publisher
Springer Netherlands
Published in
Asian Journal of Business Ethics / Issue 1/2021
Print ISSN: 2210-6723
Electronic ISSN: 2210-6731
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s13520-021-00118-x

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