Skip to main content
main-content
Top

Hint

Swipe to navigate through the articles of this issue

Published in: Geotechnical and Geological Engineering 6/2012

01-12-2012 | Original paper

Characterization of Paving Blocks for Road Pavement: Case of the Urban High-Intensity Manpower Program in Senegal

Author: Mababa Diagne

Published in: Geotechnical and Geological Engineering | Issue 6/2012

Login to get access
share
SHARE

Abstract

A large network of paving blocks has been initiated in some districts of the region of Dakar (Senegal) within the framework of the Urban Program of High Intensity Manpower (PUHIMO). The purpose of this study is to explore the process of production of paving blocks to be used for roads and sidewalks. The study also seeks to investigate the materials used for the formulation of hydraulic concrete for the manufacturing of paving blocks that are H-shaped. The blocks made are 20 × 10 × 6 cm3 of size. The originality of this paper is the complete substitution of crushed basaltic sand by the fines of alumina phosphate that are stored for a long time over large areas. These fines particles of phosphate are generated by the physical processing (crushing, transportation and screening) of the raw alumina phosphate material. This paper deals with how to make good paving blocks out of crushed basaltic sand on the one hand and on the other hand with how to substitute basaltic sand for fines of alumina phosphate as waste for their recycling. The finished products are tested, for their resistance to splitting rupture, for their abrasion and for their water content, to see their compliance with the European standard EN 1338, which defines, according to the results obtained, their use or not in road pavement and in sidewalks. The standard values must be below 23 mm for abrasion, 3.6 MPa for the tensile rupture strength and 6 % for the percentage of total water content. Average abrasion values of 20.71 and 22.67 mm, 5 and 3.46 MPa of splitting rupture strength, 5.26 and 7.73 % of average water content are obtained in paving blocks made respectively out of crushed basaltic sand and out of fines of alumina phosphate. These results obtained testify good physical and mechanical characteristics of the paving locks made out of fines of alumina phosphate compared to the standard, if tolerance values are taken into account.
Literature
go back to reference Akhtaruzzaman AA, Hasnat A (1983) Properties of concrete using crushed brick as aggregate. Concr Int 5:58–63 Akhtaruzzaman AA, Hasnat A (1983) Properties of concrete using crushed brick as aggregate. Concr Int 5:58–63
go back to reference ASTM C-936 (2001) Standard specification for solid concrete interlocking paving units, Masonry test methods and specifications for the building industry, 4th edn. American Society of Testing and Materials, New York ASTM C-936 (2001) Standard specification for solid concrete interlocking paving units, Masonry test methods and specifications for the building industry, 4th edn. American Society of Testing and Materials, New York
go back to reference Ben Machta K, Masmoudi A, Yaich S (2000) Utilisation du ciment dans les chaussées en Tunisie. Annales de l’Equipement 5:39–48 Ben Machta K, Masmoudi A, Yaich S (2000) Utilisation du ciment dans les chaussées en Tunisie. Annales de l’Equipement 5:39–48
go back to reference Chi-Sun P, Dixon C (2007) Effects of contaminants on the properties of concrete paving blocks prepared with recycled concrete aggregates. Constr Build Mater 21:164–175 CrossRef Chi-Sun P, Dixon C (2007) Effects of contaminants on the properties of concrete paving blocks prepared with recycled concrete aggregates. Constr Build Mater 21:164–175 CrossRef
go back to reference Diop MB, Grutzeck MW (2008) Sodium silicate activated brick. Bull Eng Geol Environ 67:499–505 CrossRef Diop MB, Grutzeck MW (2008) Sodium silicate activated brick. Bull Eng Geol Environ 67:499–505 CrossRef
go back to reference EN 933-1 (2006) Essais pour les propriétés géométriques des granulats–Partie 1: Détermination de la distribution granulométrique–Méthode de tamisage EN 933-1 (2006) Essais pour les propriétés géométriques des granulats–Partie 1: Détermination de la distribution granulométrique–Méthode de tamisage
go back to reference Fascicule 29 du CCTG (2006) Travaux, construction, entretien des voies, places et espaces publics, pavés et dallés en béton ou en roche naturellement 58 p Fascicule 29 du CCTG (2006) Travaux, construction, entretien des voies, places et espaces publics, pavés et dallés en béton ou en roche naturellement 58 p
go back to reference Figueroa JL, Zhou L, Chang WF (1987) Use of phosphate mining waste in secondary road construction. Transp Res Rec 1:59–64 Figueroa JL, Zhou L, Chang WF (1987) Use of phosphate mining waste in secondary road construction. Transp Res Rec 1:59–64
go back to reference Nader G, Wen FC (1993) Investigation of phosphate mining waste for construction materials. J Mater Civ Eng 5:249–264 CrossRef Nader G, Wen FC (1993) Investigation of phosphate mining waste for construction materials. J Mater Civ Eng 5:249–264 CrossRef
go back to reference Norme EN 1338 (2004) Pavés en béton. Prescriptions et méthodes d’essai 63 p Norme EN 1338 (2004) Pavés en béton. Prescriptions et méthodes d’essai 63 p
go back to reference Norme NF P 18.303 (1999) Eau de gâchage pour bétons de constructions Norme NF P 18.303 (1999) Eau de gâchage pour bétons de constructions
go back to reference Poon CS, Chan D (2006) Paving blocks made with recycled concrete aggregate and crushed clay brick. Constr Build Mater 20:569–577 CrossRef Poon CS, Chan D (2006) Paving blocks made with recycled concrete aggregate and crushed clay brick. Constr Build Mater 20:569–577 CrossRef
go back to reference Poon CS, Kou SC, Lam L (2002) Use of recycled aggregates in moulded concrete bricks and blocks. Constr Build Mater 16:281–289 CrossRef Poon CS, Kou SC, Lam L (2002) Use of recycled aggregates in moulded concrete bricks and blocks. Constr Build Mater 16:281–289 CrossRef
go back to reference Sen T, Mishra U (2010) Usage of industrial waste products in village road construction. Int J Environ Sci Dev 2:122–126 Sen T, Mishra U (2010) Usage of industrial waste products in village road construction. Int J Environ Sci Dev 2:122–126
Metadata
Title
Characterization of Paving Blocks for Road Pavement: Case of the Urban High-Intensity Manpower Program in Senegal
Author
Mababa Diagne
Publication date
01-12-2012
Publisher
Springer Netherlands
Published in
Geotechnical and Geological Engineering / Issue 6/2012
Print ISSN: 0960-3182
Electronic ISSN: 1573-1529
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10706-012-9542-1