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2024 | Book

Climate Action Through Eco-Friendly Textiles

Editors:  Sadhna, Rajesh Kumar, S. Greeshma

Publisher: Springer Nature Singapore

Book Series : SDGs and Textiles


About this book

This book covers the latest developments in sustainable textiles and how they can help mitigate the fashion industry's environmental impact. It focuses on innovative textile production approaches by prioritizing eco-friendly materials, responsible sourcing, ethical manufacturing practices, using cutting-edge technology to create textiles that are not only sustainable but also high-performing and durable. This book further explores the wide range of possibilities for reducing the fashion industry's environmental impact, from natural dyeing techniques to biodegradable fibers. This book will be of interest to students, researchers, fashion industry professionals, environmentalists and anyone who is interested in learning more about sustainable fashion.

Table of Contents

Introduction to Climate Action, Waste Management, and Eco-textiles
Growing global and consumer demands are posing a critical challenge to the textile industry's environmental impact. The textile industry encounters a critical challenge in the form of environmental impact due to its significant contributions to climate change caused by extensive water and chemical usage, energy consumption, and waste generation. The textile industry marks itself in third position as the largest global polluter following energy and agriculture. Its environmental footprint includes contaminations, pollution, resource depletion, and microplastics. The inclusion of fast fashion holds disposable clothing and constant style changes, which accelerates waste generation leading to landfills. The industry’s other pressing issue is the high energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions. To address these issues measures such as wastewater treatment, chemical management, water recycling, effluent treatments, transitioning to cleaner energy source enhance energy efficiency. Additionally, the eco-friendly textiles produced offer a path to reduced environmental impacts. Microplastics an another significant risk posed by the usage of synthetics affecting the aquatic systems. Mitigation strategies should focus on reducing synthetic fibre usage, thus promoting and encouraging the usage of sustainable products and production methods. Fast fashion culture leading to waste generation adds to the landfills and emission of greenhouse gases. To withstand all these, the stakeholders have to promote circular economy principles, reduce overproduction, responsible consumption, effective waste management practices, following government policies and regulations, which will lead to the reduction of textile footprints. This paper highlights the multifaceted environmental issues caused by the textile industry and how to mitigate its impact.
Sadhna, S. Greeshma, Rajesh Kumar
Impact of the Textile Industry on Global Climate Change
The textile sector, which accounts for an important percentage of world trade, is being criticized for its numerous environmental issues. Numerous gases are being released by it, warming the Earth, making breathing more difficult, and damaging our water supplies. This occurs because the production of clothing consumes copious amounts of energy, water, and chemicals, and little fabrics wind up in the environment. This chapter examines in detail each stage of the textile production process and its impact on global climate. Utilizing meticulous techniques such as life cycle analysis is crucial to fully comprehend the implications. The study additionally examines the various types of pollution the textile industry produces and how they affect the environment and public health. The intricate nature of textile production is demonstrated. It also highlights how trash is produced, including chemicals and excess fabric, and how these actions may affect the ecosystem and human health in the long run. A thorough analysis of methods for sanitizing the water used to produce textiles is provided, aiding in the preservation of our aquatic life and flora. Governments, corporations, and common citizens must all cooperate to reduce the harm caused by the textile industry. In-depth knowledge of the ways the textile business impacts both our environment and humans is provided in this chapter. It is imperative that decision-makers, businesspeople, and scientists take note of this and act to improve the environment and public health.
Lata Samant, M. Pavan, Alka Goel, Manpreet Kaur
Eco-textiles––An Overview
Based on the requirements of eco-friendly products, people are also aware of environmentally responsible manner textiles. This chapter is the collection of all data related to Oekotech. In addition to gain more of an understanding of eco textiles, this study is divided into two parts i.e., a brief description of the textile sector and the impact of eco textiles in terms of the global economy. We conclude that there are a lot of future outlooks for the industries working on eco-textiles as government norms and regulations also promote sustainable practices. This sector is primed for expansion, propelled by rising consumer demand, and products made from eco textiles are less harmful and made from biodegradable material.
Iti Dubey, Yogita
Role of New-Generation Textile Fibres in Reducing the Environmental Impact of Textiles
New-gen or new-generation textile fibres transformed the textile industry to a different level through the sustainable and eco-friendly characteristics of these fibres. These fibres can be obtained from different renewable resources, which offer several benefits such as dependency on non-renewable resources, reduced carbon footprint and improved waste management. These new-gen fibres have several applications in different areas such as technical textiles, geotextiles, protective clothing and filtration membranes. These new-gen fibres are facing many challenges such as production process, scalability, processing cost and awareness about these fibres among consumers. After having all these issues these fibres have a promising and great future. With the rising consumer awareness about sustainability, demand for these fibres is growing day by day. These new-gen fibres play a significant role in shaping sustainability and are responsible for a bright future for the textile industry. So, new-generation textile fibres provide a pathway to a greener future, contributing to environmental conservation, resource efficiency and social well-being. Embracing these fibres and promoting sustainable practices throughout the textile supply chain are crucial steps towards creating a more sustainable and circular economy.
Meenakshi Tamta, Arpana Kamboj
Role of Chemicals in Textile Processing and Its Alternatives
Chemical substances and additives have a crucial function in the manufacturing of textiles, starting from the elimination of impurities from fibers to providing the ultimate touch to the fabric. The textile industry predominantly utilizes chemicals throughout multiple stages of processing, including sizing, de-sizing, yarn processing, and fabric and garment production. Despite being a significant revenue generator, this industry poses grave environmental risks and is a major contributor to pollution worldwide. The gush in the use of synthetic chemicals and their associated vulnerabilities has led the textile sector to implement sustainable policies. The exigency of chemicals in the fashion industry is under immense force owing to a burgeoning population and swelling consumer demand for fashionable fabrics, leading to the production of more products than ever before. The present chapter provides an in-depth exploration of the various chemical substances utilized throughout various stages of textile processing. Moreover, this chapter sheds light on the detrimental effects of conventional chemicals employed in textile processing procedures, concurrently proposing environmentally friendly and sustainable substitutes.
M. Pavan, Lata Samant, Surabhi Mahajan, Manpreet Kaur
Water Consumption and Microfibers: The Biggest Threat
The textile industry is one of the top industries that use enormous amounts of water. Water is used extensively throughout textile wet processing operations contributing to the release of industrial wastewater. It is becoming critically essential for textile operations to secure a cost-effective and reliable water supply. To lessen the water footprint, the use of supercritical fluids and an ultrasound-assisted method has also been explored in the textile manufacturing process. The potential of plasma technology, laser finishing, UV radiation treatment, gamma (Y) ray irradiation, and ozone application to enhance functional and aesthetic finishing, such as dyeing and hydrophilic and hydrophobic finishing, has been the focus of numerous research efforts recently. Microfiber pollution is also another big threat to biodiversity from the textile sector. Washing clothes annually releases 50 billion pounds of plastic into the ocean or around 500,000 tonnes of microfibers. Due to fast fashion and the rise in population, textile production and consumption of cheap fabrics made of synthetic fibers have increased. It has been estimated that up to 35% of the primary source microplastics in the marine environment come from synthetic clothing. Natural fibers also contribute to microfiber pollution, but it is biodegradable and has minimal environmental impact. However, traces of chemicals and dyes may present in natural and semi-synthetic microfibers which are equally problematic contaminants. In recent studies, microfibers have been reported in freshwater and marine environments and even in several products for human consumption including tap water, beer common salt, and seafood. Hence, microfiber pollution becomes a serious threat to the environment and it needs to be addressed. Research on the scope of impacts, ecological implications, and potential health effects of microfibers on humans is required. The chapter also provides insight into microfiber pollution, threats, and management strategies.
Oinam Roselyn Devi, Laimayum Jogeeta Devi
Eco-friendly Dyeing Approach: Natural Dyeing––A Need of the Hour
The growing need for human and environmental protection in various fields and the world of fashion leads to the fact that the finishing of textiles for the environment‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏ gives ease of use. Colours have a unique place in our lives, and they are used to beautify not only the environment ‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏but also the textiles. In the realm of textile dyes, there has been a rise in the need for sanitary, fresh, and clean textiles. This has led to a rise in the use of natural dyes. Since natural dyes offer remarkably unique, calming colours and tones in contrast to synthetic dyes, people are now well aware of the many benefits of using them. In addition, natural colours are more sustainable and biodegradable than artificial ones. Natural dyes are renowned for their exceptional stainability. Different types of natural dyes have been reported over the past few decades, with variations in their synthesis and application methods on various tactile. This chapter reviews various research attempts to infuse natural dyes into t‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏exiles. The influence of environmentally friendly natural dyes on humans, and the need for natural dyes as antimicrobial, antifungal and UV absorbers in textile finishing are well covered.
Arpana Kamboj, Meenakshi Tamta, Pooja Kundal, Bhawna Soun
Optimized Resource Consumption
Garments don’t come with an expiry date on their wash care label nor does the brand provide enough information on the garment with the hanging tags, garment labels, or the brand tag. Social media influencers or the trend change gives the confirmed indication that a particular style is now outdated and can’t be worn again which now will be a part of landfill. The surge in fashion waste happens due to mindless purchases mindless consumption and mindless disposal. The accumulation of unused/unworn garments in the wardrobe becomes difficult to manage and adds up to a daily struggle of identifying a decent pair of garments to put on and feel satisfied in the second skin. Fast Fashion has been the time contributor in the short-lived fashion which directly ends in landfill causing climate change and increasing the carbon footprint. Capsule collections and minimalistic fashion lifestyle can play a key role in minimizing and optimizing the use of resources in fashion, making life easier with classic, and staple pieces of garments and ultimately reducing the waste dumpage in landfills.
Anthima Ram, Anil Kumar
Importance of Market Segmentation and Application of Oekotech
Internationally eco-textile trade is witnessing a significant surge in demand due to mounting environmental consciousness among consumers. Oekotech textiles, intended with a focus on reducing ecological footprints, are leading the charge in the direction of a sustainable solution for the textile industry. These textiles, made from biological or recycled fibers, minimize the use of detrimental chemicals and promote ethical production practices. The market is divided into various segments, including apparel, home textiles, technical applications, and healthcare, each witnessing a rise in eco-friendly replacements. The future of eco-textile manufacturing looks promising, with a growing number of industries adopting sustainable alternatives. With ongoing innovations and consumer awareness, the industry is poised for continuous growth, offering environmentally conscious choices to consumers across various sectors.
Rena Mehta, Chavi Goyal, Shalini Gaur
Implementation and Environment Protection Through ISWM (Integrated Solid Waste Management) in Textiles
In the ever-evolving realm of textile production, the need for sustainable practices and environmental consciousness has become paramount. This abstract delves into the exploration of Integrated Solid Waste Management (ISWM) within the textile industry, aiming not just for theoretical understanding but a practical roadmap for implementation and robust environmental protection. The chapter unfolds against the backdrop of a textile industry facing growing challenges in waste management. By navigating the landscape of ISWM, it seeks to unravel innovative strategies and holistic approaches for handling solid waste generated in textile processes. The emphasis is not only on mitigating the environmental impact but also on the effective implementation of these strategies within the industry’s operational framework. Key components of the abstract include an analysis of the current state of solid waste generation in textile manufacturing, the identification of sustainable waste management practices, and a comprehensive exploration of integrated approaches that synergize environmental protection with operational efficiency. As the textile industry stands at the crossroads of innovation and environmental responsibility, this chapter serves as a guide for stakeholders, researchers, and practitioners alike. It envisions a future where the threads of sustainable textile production are intricately woven into the fabric of environmental stewardship.
J. Jaisri, S. Balaji
Role of Governments and Consumers
The paper discusses the growing awareness of eco-friendliness and sustainable consumption in response to environmental issues. It emphasizes the shared responsibility of individuals, governments, and industries in addressing environmental problems. The government’s standards for an eco-friendly environment are highlighted, including the ‘Ecomark’ scheme and other initiatives. It acknowledges the need for proactive roles from both consumers and manufacturers to implement eco-friendly and clean technology. Despite efforts like the Ecomark scheme, challenges exist due to insufficient response from manufacturers. Government standards, such as green building regulations, renewable energy targets, and waste management regulations, are mentioned as contributors to an eco-friendly environment. It delves into certifications and standards like ISO 9001, GOTS, OCS, etc., within the textile sector, emphasizing their role in advancing sustainability, ethical conduct, and eco-friendly practices. The importance of these certifications in ensuring economic, social, and environmental criteria in the textile industry is emphasized. Additionally, the abstract introduces various certification standards like Green Seal, RWS, RDS, RCS, SFA, and Cradle-to-Cradle, each contributing to sustainable and eco-friendly practices in textile and different sectors.
Sakeena Naikwadi
Eco Textiles: The Present and the Future
Industrial and financial development plays an important role in any nation’s progress. When it comes to the implementation of new sustainable practices, the textile sector is currently undergoing a period of evolution means making steady and gradual progress toward adopting more ecologically oriented and socially sensitive practices. The purpose of this paper is to examine how sustainable innovations and wastewater management are currently being applied in the textile industry. Textiles are an essential part of our everyday lives and are significant to the world economy. It is commonly acknowledged that the textile industry is among the most difficult to integrate sustainability into its operational framework. There are several implementations such as innovation in sustainable products including sustainable production and packaging materials, life cycle assessment, Eco-design, and Eco-labeling. Textile sustainable process innovation includes the use of enzymes in textile processing, improved waste management techniques, eco-efficiency, supply chain management, and sustainable textile product production. The acquisition of environmental management systems, corporate policies, cooperative practices between businesses and consumers, distinctive business models, culture, and knowledge systems are additional examples of organizational sustainability innovation.
Manpreet Kaur, M. Pavan, Lata Samant
The Conclusion: Overview of the Importance of Eco Textiles and the Commitment to Be Made to Have a Sustainable Environment
The textile industry can have a significant detrimental effect on society and the environment in addition to its enormous economic impact on the world economy. The textile industry’s growing recognition of the value of environmental conservation is demonstrated by the emergence of sustainable textiles. By employing eco-friendly materials, cutting waste, and making better use of natural resources, sustainable textile production seeks to lessen its negative effects on the environment. We can lessen pollution, slow down the natural resources’ depletion, and lessen the negative effects of fast fashion by selecting sustainable textiles.
Sadhna, S. Greeshma, Rajesh Kumar
Climate Action Through Eco-Friendly Textiles
Rajesh Kumar
S. Greeshma
Copyright Year
Springer Nature Singapore
Electronic ISBN
Print ISBN

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