Skip to main content
main-content
Top

Hint

Swipe to navigate through the articles of this issue

10-07-2019 | Research Article | Issue 1/2020

Cognitive Neurodynamics 1/2020

Cluster burst synchronization in a scale-free network of inhibitory bursting neurons

Journal:
Cognitive Neurodynamics > Issue 1/2020
Authors:
Sang-Yoon Kim, Woochang Lim
Important notes

Publisher's Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Abstract

We consider a scale-free network of inhibitory Hindmarsh–Rose (HR) bursting neurons, and make a computational study on coupling-induced cluster burst synchronization by varying the average coupling strength \(J_0\). For sufficiently small \(J_0\), non-cluster desynchronized states exist. However, when passing a critical point \(J^*_c~(\simeq 0.16)\), the whole population is segregated into 3 clusters via a constructive role of synaptic inhibition to stimulate dynamical clustering between individual burstings, and thus 3-cluster desynchronized states appear. As \(J_0\) is further increased and passes a lower threshold \(J^*_l~(\simeq 0.78)\), a transition to 3-cluster burst synchronization occurs due to another constructive role of synaptic inhibition to favor population synchronization. In this case, HR neurons in each cluster make burstings every 3rd cycle of the instantaneous burst rate \(R_w(t)\) of the whole population, and exhibit burst synchronization. However, as \(J_0\) passes an intermediate threshold \(J^*_m~(\simeq 5.2)\), HR neurons fire burstings intermittently at a 4th cycle of \(R_w(t)\) via burst skipping rather than at its 3rd cycle, and hence they begin to make intermittent hoppings between the 3 clusters. Due to such intermittent intercluster hoppings via burst skippings, the 3 clusters become broken up (i.e., the 3 clusters are integrated into a single one). However, in spite of such break-up (i.e., disappearance) of the 3-cluster states, (non-cluster) burst synchronization persists in the whole population, which is well visualized in the raster plot of burst onset times where bursting stripes (composed of burst onset times and indicating burst synchronization) appear successively. With further increase in \(J_0\), intercluster hoppings are intensified, and bursting stripes also become dispersed more and more due to a destructive role of synaptic inhibition to spoil the burst synchronization. Eventually, when passing a higher threshold \(J^*_h~(\simeq 17.8)\) a transition to desynchronization occurs via complete overlap between the bursting stripes. Finally, we also investigate the effects of stochastic noise on both 3-cluster burst synchronization and intercluster hoppings.

Please log in to get access to this content

To get access to this content you need the following product:

Springer Professional "Wirtschaft+Technik"

Online-Abonnement

Mit Springer Professional "Wirtschaft+Technik" erhalten Sie Zugriff auf:

  • über 69.000 Bücher
  • über 500 Zeitschriften

aus folgenden Fachgebieten:

  • Automobil + Motoren
  • Bauwesen + Immobilien
  • Business IT + Informatik
  • Elektrotechnik + Elektronik
  • Energie + Umwelt
  • Finance + Banking
  • Management + Führung
  • Marketing + Vertrieb
  • Maschinenbau + Werkstoffe
  • Versicherung + Risiko

Testen Sie jetzt 30 Tage kostenlos.

Springer Professional "Technik"

Online-Abonnement

Mit Springer Professional "Technik" erhalten Sie Zugriff auf:

  • über 50.000 Bücher
  • über 380 Zeitschriften

aus folgenden Fachgebieten:

  • Automobil + Motoren
  • Bauwesen + Immobilien
  • Business IT + Informatik
  • Elektrotechnik + Elektronik
  • Energie + Umwelt
  • Maschinenbau + Werkstoffe




Testen Sie jetzt 30 Tage kostenlos.

Springer Professional "Wirtschaft"

Online-Abonnement

Mit Springer Professional "Wirtschaft" erhalten Sie Zugriff auf:

  • über 58.000 Bücher
  • über 300 Zeitschriften

aus folgenden Fachgebieten:

  • Bauwesen + Immobilien
  • Business IT + Informatik
  • Finance + Banking
  • Management + Führung
  • Marketing + Vertrieb
  • Versicherung + Risiko




Testen Sie jetzt 30 Tage kostenlos.

Literature
About this article

Other articles of this Issue 1/2020

Cognitive Neurodynamics 1/2020 Go to the issue