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23-11-2016 | Issue 2/2017

Wireless Personal Communications 2/2017

Clustering Based Energy Efficient and Communication Protocol for Multiple Mix-Zones Over Road Networks

Journal:
Wireless Personal Communications > Issue 2/2017
Authors:
Qasim Ali Arain, Muhammad Aslam Uqaili, Zhongliang Deng, Imran Memon, Jichao Jiao, Muhammad Akram Shaikh, Asma Zubedi, Aisha Ashraf, Usman Ali Arain

Abstract

The collection of information is one of the most crucial processes in many internet-enabled applications for multiple mix-zones over road networks. It is essential to use road networks for prolonged time duration in an energy efficient manner. However, network life time increases in response of reducing the stability period (i.e. time required before first node dies).The stability period reduces due to the high energy variance of nodes. In this paper, we present a protocol named as clustering based energy efficient and communication protocol (CEECP) for multiple mix-zones over road networks, which is proposed to reduce the loop holes of prevailing clustering protocols. Additionally, we present a novel CEECP for chain scenario to connect with the road side units for gaining benefits of V2V as well as, V2I communication for Cooperative Traffic Information Systems. The stability period is responsible to preserve coverage properties of the network. It analysis that as the stability period increases, the trustworthiness of the network increases. Hence, it is indispensable to articulate a clustering protocol that shall be energy efficient, low energy variant and of high stability. It has been proved that our scheme outperforms SEECP and VBN as well as, includes its variants with respect to stability period and energy variance.

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