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17-03-2020 | Issue 4/2020 Open Access

Cognitive Computation 4/2020

Cognitive Template-Clustering Improved LineMod for Efficient Multi-object Pose Estimation

Journal:
Cognitive Computation > Issue 4/2020
Authors:
Tielin Zhang, Yang Yang, Yi Zeng, Yuxuan Zhao
Important notes
Tielin Zhang and Yang Yang contributed equally to this article and should be considered as co-first authors.

Ethical Approval

This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.

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Abstract

Various types of theoretical algorithms have been proposed for 6D pose estimation, e.g., the point pair method, template matching method, Hough forest method, and deep learning method. However, they are still far from the performance of our natural biological systems, which can undertake 6D pose estimation of multi-objects efficiently, especially with severe occlusion. With the inspiration of the Müller-Lyer illusion in the biological visual system, in this paper, we propose a cognitive template-clustering improved LineMod (CT-LineMod) model. The model uses a 7D cognitive feature vector to replace standard 3D spatial points in the clustering procedure of Patch-LineMod, in which the cognitive distance of different 3D spatial points will be further influenced by the additional 4D information related with direction and magnitude of features in the Müller-Lyer illusion. The 7D vector will be dimensionally reduced into the 3D vector by the gradient-descent method, and then further clustered by K-means to aggregately match templates and automatically eliminate superfluous clusters, which makes the template matching possible on both holistic and part-based scales. The model has been verified on the standard Doumanoglou dataset and demonstrates a state-of-the-art performance, which shows the accuracy and efficiency of the proposed model on cognitive feature distance measurement and template selection on multiple pose estimation under severe occlusion. The powerful feature representation in the biological visual system also includes characteristics of the Müller-Lyer illusion, which, to some extent, will provide guidance towards a biologically plausible algorithm for efficient 6D pose estimation under severe occlusion.
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