Skip to main content
Top
Published in: Bulletin of Engineering Geology and the Environment 2/2024

01-02-2024 | Original Paper

Compaction, compression, and hydraulic characteristics of micaceous residual soil

Authors: Haodong Gao, Xianwei Zhang, Ran An, Gang Wang, Xinyu Liu, Xuewen Lei

Published in: Bulletin of Engineering Geology and the Environment | Issue 2/2024

Log in

Activate our intelligent search to find suitable subject content or patents.

search-config
loading …

Abstract

The presence of mica is considered to be why the physical and mechanical properties of micaceous soil differ significantly from those of common clay and sand, such as the difficulty in compacting micaceous soil and its high compressibility and resilience. However, despite micaceous residual soil being widespread in transportation engineering, the specific role played by mica in determining its geotechnical properties remains ambiguous, as does the underlying mechanism for doing so. Presented here is a systematic investigation of the compaction, compression, and hydraulic characteristics of residual soil with varying mica content, with scanning electron microscopy used to scrutinize the structural features of mica and the resulting microstructural changes within the soil under different compression stress levels. The findings show that adding mica to residual soil results in coarser gradation, and the distinctive flaky layered structure and interlayer pores of mica particles characterize the residual soil with high compressibility, water retention, swelling potential, and inadequate compaction. The specific effects of particle arrangement between mica and soil particles—such as bridging and ordering—contribute to the high porosity and permeability of soil. Also, the breakdown of the mica stacking structure and the degradation of bridging and ordering effects under high consolidation stresses decrease the resilience and permeability of soil, leading to further compression deformation. This study elucidates the microscopic mechanism whereby mica influences the physical and mechanical properties of micaceous residual soil, thereby contributing to enhanced insights into the compaction, compression, and hydraulic properties of such soils.

Dont have a licence yet? Then find out more about our products and how to get one now:

Springer Professional "Technik"

Online-Abonnement

Mit Springer Professional "Technik" erhalten Sie Zugriff auf:

  • über 67.000 Bücher
  • über 390 Zeitschriften

aus folgenden Fachgebieten:

  • Automobil + Motoren
  • Bauwesen + Immobilien
  • Business IT + Informatik
  • Elektrotechnik + Elektronik
  • Energie + Nachhaltigkeit
  • Maschinenbau + Werkstoffe




 

Jetzt Wissensvorsprung sichern!

Springer Professional "Wirtschaft+Technik"

Online-Abonnement

Mit Springer Professional "Wirtschaft+Technik" erhalten Sie Zugriff auf:

  • über 102.000 Bücher
  • über 537 Zeitschriften

aus folgenden Fachgebieten:

  • Automobil + Motoren
  • Bauwesen + Immobilien
  • Business IT + Informatik
  • Elektrotechnik + Elektronik
  • Energie + Nachhaltigkeit
  • Finance + Banking
  • Management + Führung
  • Marketing + Vertrieb
  • Maschinenbau + Werkstoffe
  • Versicherung + Risiko

Jetzt Wissensvorsprung sichern!

Literature
go back to reference Angel APM (2011) Effects of mica on soil properties for embankment construction. MS Thesis. University of South Carolina Angel APM (2011) Effects of mica on soil properties for embankment construction. MS Thesis. University of South Carolina
go back to reference ASTM D4186M–20 (2020) Standard test method for one-dimensional consolidation properties of saturated cohesive soils using controlled-strain loading. ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA ASTM D4186M–20 (2020) Standard test method for one-dimensional consolidation properties of saturated cohesive soils using controlled-strain loading. ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA
go back to reference ASTM D698–12 (2021) Standard test methods for laboratory compaction characteristics of soil using standard effort (12 400 ft-lbf/ft3 (600 kN-m/m3)). ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA ASTM D698–12 (2021) Standard test methods for laboratory compaction characteristics of soil using standard effort (12 400 ft-lbf/ft3 (600 kN-m/m3)). ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA
go back to reference Blight GE, Leong EC (2012) Mechanics of residual soils. CRC Press, London Blight GE, Leong EC (2012) Mechanics of residual soils. CRC Press, London
go back to reference Das BM (2010) Principles of geotechnical engineering, 7th edn. Cengage Learning, USA Das BM (2010) Principles of geotechnical engineering, 7th edn. Cengage Learning, USA
go back to reference Gilboy G (1928) The compressibility of sand-mica mixtures. In Proc Am Soc of Civil Engineers, New York, pp 555–568 Gilboy G (1928) The compressibility of sand-mica mixtures. In Proc Am Soc of Civil Engineers, New York, pp 555–568
go back to reference Gogo JO (1984) Compaction and strength characteristics of decomposed mica schist. Proc 8th regional conference for Africa on soil mechanics and foundation engineering. Harare, Zimbabwe, pp 275–84 Gogo JO (1984) Compaction and strength characteristics of decomposed mica schist. Proc 8th regional conference for Africa on soil mechanics and foundation engineering. Harare, Zimbabwe, pp 275–84
go back to reference de Graft–Johnson JWS, Bhatia, HS, Gidigasu DM (1969) The strength characteristics of residual micaceous soils and their application to stability problems. In Proc 7th Int Conf on Soil Mech and Fdn Eng, Mexico, 165–172 de Graft–Johnson JWS, Bhatia, HS, Gidigasu DM (1969) The strength characteristics of residual micaceous soils and their application to stability problems. In Proc 7th Int Conf on Soil Mech and Fdn Eng, Mexico, 165–172
go back to reference Harvey JC (1982) Geology for geotechnical engineers, 1st edn. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK Harvey JC (1982) Geology for geotechnical engineers, 1st edn. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK
go back to reference Kondelchuk D (2008) Studies of the free mica properties and its influence on the quality of road construction. PhD Thesis. Luleaa university of technology Kondelchuk D (2008) Studies of the free mica properties and its influence on the quality of road construction. PhD Thesis. Luleaa university of technology
go back to reference Lambe TW, Whitman RV (1979) Soil mechanics. John Wiley & Sons, New York Lambe TW, Whitman RV (1979) Soil mechanics. John Wiley & Sons, New York
go back to reference McCarthy DF, Leonard RJ (1963) Compaction and compression characteristics of micaceous fine sands and silts. Highway Research Record, Transportation Research Board, Washington, D.C 23–37 McCarthy DF, Leonard RJ (1963) Compaction and compression characteristics of micaceous fine sands and silts. Highway Research Record, Transportation Research Board, Washington, D.C 23–37
go back to reference Mitchell JK, Soga K (2005) Fundamentals of soil behavior. John Wiley & Sons, Hoboken, New Jersey Mitchell JK, Soga K (2005) Fundamentals of soil behavior. John Wiley & Sons, Hoboken, New Jersey
go back to reference Moore CA (1971) Effect of mica on Ko compressibility of two soils. J Soil Mech and Found Div 97(9):1275–1291CrossRef Moore CA (1971) Effect of mica on Ko compressibility of two soils. J Soil Mech and Found Div 97(9):1275–1291CrossRef
go back to reference Mshali MR, Visser AT (2014) Influence of mica on compactability and moisture content of cementetreated weathered granite gravel. Proc 33rd southern African transport conference. Pretoria, South Africa, pp 546–555 Mshali MR, Visser AT (2014) Influence of mica on compactability and moisture content of cementetreated weathered granite gravel. Proc 33rd southern African transport conference. Pretoria, South Africa, pp 546–555
go back to reference Netterberg F, Hefer A, Preez HD (2011) Cracking and staining of an airport asphalt. Proc 10th conference on asphalt pavements for South Africa (CAPSA 11): roads of the future. KwaZulu, South Africa, pp 1–17 Netterberg F, Hefer A, Preez HD (2011) Cracking and staining of an airport asphalt. Proc 10th conference on asphalt pavements for South Africa (CAPSA 11): roads of the future. KwaZulu, South Africa, pp 1–17
go back to reference Olson RE, Mesri G (1970) Mechanisms controlling the compressibility of clay. J Soil Mech Found Div 96(6):1863–1878CrossRef Olson RE, Mesri G (1970) Mechanisms controlling the compressibility of clay. J Soil Mech Found Div 96(6):1863–1878CrossRef
go back to reference Paige-Green P, Semmelink CJ (2002) Road compaction problems related to the presence of biotite. Proc 9th congress of the International association of engineering geology and the environment. Durban, South Africa, pp 2605–10 Paige-Green P, Semmelink CJ (2002) Road compaction problems related to the presence of biotite. Proc 9th congress of the International association of engineering geology and the environment. Durban, South Africa, pp 2605–10
go back to reference Rogers CA, Szoke SI, Gorman RG (1995) Granular base failures in low-volume roads in Ontario, Canada. Proc 6th International Conference on Low-Volume Roads. Minneapolis, Minnesota, pp 23–32 Rogers CA, Szoke SI, Gorman RG (1995) Granular base failures in low-volume roads in Ontario, Canada. Proc 6th International Conference on Low-Volume Roads. Minneapolis, Minnesota, pp 23–32
go back to reference Tubey LW, Bulman JN (1964) Micaceous soils: methods of determining mica content and the use of routine tests in the evaluation of such soils. In Proc 2nd Australian Road Research Board (ARRB) Conference, Melbourne, 880–901 Tubey LW, Bulman JN (1964) Micaceous soils: methods of determining mica content and the use of routine tests in the evaluation of such soils. In Proc 2nd Australian Road Research Board (ARRB) Conference, Melbourne, 880–901
go back to reference Weinert HH (1980) The natural road construction materials of Southern Africa. H&R Academica, Cape Town, South Africa Weinert HH (1980) The natural road construction materials of Southern Africa. H&R Academica, Cape Town, South Africa
Metadata
Title
Compaction, compression, and hydraulic characteristics of micaceous residual soil
Authors
Haodong Gao
Xianwei Zhang
Ran An
Gang Wang
Xinyu Liu
Xuewen Lei
Publication date
01-02-2024
Publisher
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Published in
Bulletin of Engineering Geology and the Environment / Issue 2/2024
Print ISSN: 1435-9529
Electronic ISSN: 1435-9537
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10064-024-03554-8

Other articles of this Issue 2/2024

Bulletin of Engineering Geology and the Environment 2/2024 Go to the issue