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Published in: Cellulose 5/2022

29-06-2021 | Original Research

Comparative characterization of phosphorylated wood holocelluloses and celluloses for nanocellulose production

Authors: Mengchen Zhao, Yuko Ono, Yuichi Noguchi, Shuji Fujisawa, Tsuguyuki Saito

Published in: Cellulose | Issue 5/2022

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Abstract

Raw material selection for cellulose nanofiber (CNF) production is a crucial step for tailoring CNF properties for its intended applications. Thus, understanding the dependency of the raw material on the resulting CNF properties is imperative. However, this understanding is lacking for newly emerging phosphorylated CNFs. Herein, four types of wood cellulosic materials, namely softwood- and hardwood-derived holocelluloses and purified celluloses, were subjected to phosphorylation. The holocelluloses possessed greater amounts of phosphate groups (up to 2.8 mmol/g) than celluloses (2.2–2.4 mmol/g). Significant amounts of hemicelluloses were retained after phosphorylation in both holocelluloses. The amounts of hemicellulose-derived residual neutral sugars significantly differed depending on the wood species. The disintegration into CNFs was governed not only by the amount and structure of the phosphate groups, but also by the fiber morphology and hemicellulose content of the raw material. Polyphosphate groups, cross-linking via phosphates, and carbamates, which were formed by side reactions, were also quantified.
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Metadata
Title
Comparative characterization of phosphorylated wood holocelluloses and celluloses for nanocellulose production
Authors
Mengchen Zhao
Yuko Ono
Yuichi Noguchi
Shuji Fujisawa
Tsuguyuki Saito
Publication date
29-06-2021
Publisher
Springer Netherlands
Published in
Cellulose / Issue 5/2022
Print ISSN: 0969-0239
Electronic ISSN: 1572-882X
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10570-021-04013-3