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WZ and PZ have made substantial contributions to conception and design. WZ has been involved in drafting the manuscript. PZ and CZ revising it critically for important intellectual content; LG has given final approval of the version to be published. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.
With unlimited growth of real-world data size and increasing requirement of real-time processing, immediate processing of big stream data has become an urgent problem. In stream data, hidden patterns commonly evolve over time (i.e.,concept drift), where many dynamic learning strategies have been proposed, such as the incremental learning and ensemble learning. To the best of our knowledge, there is no work systematically compare these two methods. In this paper we conduct comparative study between theses two learning methods. We first introduce the concept of “concept drift”, and propose how to quantitatively measure it. Then, we recall the history of incremental learning and ensemble learning, introducing milestones of their developments. In experiments, we comprehensively compare and analyze their performances w.r.t. accuracy and time efficiency, under various concept drift scenarios. We conclude with several future possible research problems.