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2021 | OriginalPaper | Chapter

Comparing Machine Learning Based Segmentation Models on Jet Fire Radiation Zones

Authors: Carmina Pérez-Guerrero, Adriana Palacios, Gilberto Ochoa-Ruiz, Christian Mata, Miguel Gonzalez-Mendoza, Luis Eduardo Falcón-Morales

Published in: Advances in Computational Intelligence

Publisher: Springer International Publishing

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Abstract

Risk assessment is relevant in any workplace, however, there is a degree of unpredictability when dealing with flammable or hazardous materials so that detection of fire accidents by itself may not be enough. An example of this is the impingement of jet fires, where the heat fluxes of the flame could reach nearby equipment and dramatically increase the probability of a domino effect with catastrophic results. Because of this, the characterization of such fire accidents is important from a risk management point of view. One such characterization would be the segmentation of different radiation zones within the flame, so this paper presents exploratory research regarding several traditional computer vision and Deep Learning segmentation approaches to solving this specific problem. A data set of propane jet fires is used to train and evaluate the different approaches and given the difference in the distribution of the zones and background of the images, different loss functions, that seek to alleviate data imbalance, are also explored. Additionally, different metrics are correlated to a manual ranking performed by experts to make an evaluation that closely resembles the expert’s criteria. The Hausdorff Distance and Adjusted Rand Index were the metrics with the highest correlation and the best results were obtained from the UNet architecture with a Weighted Cross-Entropy Loss. These results can be used in future research to extract more geometric information from the segmentation masks or could even be implemented on other types of fire accidents.
Literature
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Metadata
Title
Comparing Machine Learning Based Segmentation Models on Jet Fire Radiation Zones
Authors
Carmina Pérez-Guerrero
Adriana Palacios
Gilberto Ochoa-Ruiz
Christian Mata
Miguel Gonzalez-Mendoza
Luis Eduardo Falcón-Morales
Copyright Year
2021
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-89817-5_12

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