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01-12-2021 | Original Article | Issue 1/2021 Open Access

Corporate social responsibility and stakeholder engagement in Ghana’s mining sector: a case study of Newmont Ahafo mines

Even though the concept of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) has been applauded for several decades, the concept of stakeholder engagement is relatively new to the Ghanaian mining sector. This study investigates the CSR process of an …

Authors:
Peter Ansu-Mensah, Emmanuel Opoku Marfo, Lyon Salia Awuah, Kwame Oduro Amoako

01-12-2021 | Research | Issue 1/2021 Open Access

Assessing the interplay between travel patterns and SARS-CoV-2 outbreak in realistic urban setting

Modern history is witness to several infectious disease pandemics which have shaped our knowledge of their epidemiology, transmission, and management (Shearer et al. 2020 ). In the past 200 years, at least four strains of influenza, seven waves of …

Authors:
Rohan Patil, Raviraj Dave, Harsh Patel, Viraj M. Shah, Deep Chakrabarti, Udit Bhatia

01-12-2021 | Research | Issue 1/2021 Open Access

Enterprise adoption of cloud computing with application portfolio profiling and application portfolio assessment

With the continued appeal and adoption of cloud computing, an assessment of cloud run costs and migration affordability prior to adoption would assist enterprises that have several legacy applications targeted for cloud migration. However, as …

Authors:
Kent Ramchand, Mohan Baruwal Chhetri, Ryszard Kowalczyk

01-12-2021 | Research | Issue 1/2021 Open Access

Designing a Permissioned Blockchain Network for the Halal Industry using Hyperledger Fabric with multiple channels and the raft consensus mechanism

Halal Supply Chain Management requires an assurance that the entire process of procurement, distribution, handling, and processing materials, spare parts, livestock, work-in-process, or finished inventory to be well documented and performed fit to …

Authors:
Isti Surjandari, Harman Yusuf, Enrico Laoh, Rayi Maulida

01-12-2021 | Regular article | Issue 1/2021 Open Access

Privacy preserving data visualizations

Data visualizations are a valuable tool used during both statistical analysis and the interpretation of results as they graphically reveal useful information about the structure, properties and relationships between variables, which may otherwise …

Authors:
Demetris Avraam, Rebecca Wilson, Oliver Butters, Thomas Burton, Christos Nicolaides, Elinor Jones, Andy Boyd, Paul Burton

01-12-2021 | Original Paper | Issue 1/2021 Open Access

Enhanced speed advice for connected vehicles in the proximity of signalized intersections

Technological advancements in the field of transportation are gradually enabling cooperative, connected and automated mobility (CCAM). The progress in information and communication technology (ICT) has provided mature solutions for …

Authors:
Evangelos Mintsis, Eleni I. Vlahogianni, Evangelos Mitsakis, Seckin Ozkul

01-12-2021 | Original Paper | Issue 1/2021 Open Access

Cooperative messages to enhance the performance of L3 vehicles approaching roadworks

Automation is widely regarded as a disruptive force that will shape many of the aspects of our daily lives in the next decades and driving is no exception. In literature and among stakeholders, it is quite accepted that some form of automation …

Authors:
Serio Angelo Maria Agriesti, Marco Ponti, Giovanna Marchionni, Paolo Gandini

01-12-2021 | Original Article | Issue 1/2021 Open Access

Impact of strategic management, corporate social responsibility on firm performance in the post mandate period: evidence from India

Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) is like a chameleon, that changes its colour according to the context it is in. In the developed economy, it takes the form of sustainability and/ or philanthropy, whereas, in emerging economies, it speaks the …

Author:
Nayan Mitra

01-06-2021 | Technical paper | Issue 2/2021

Effect of the interfacial shearing stress of soil–geogrid interaction on the bearing capacity of geogrid-reinforced sand

A transformed approach has been made to predict the impression of inclusion geogrid on the reinforced soil’s bearing capacity underneath the strip foundation. The influence of the friction factor of the tensile strength of the reinforcement …

Authors:
Hussein Ahmad, Ahmad Mahboubi

01-06-2021 | Technical paper | Issue 2/2021

Experimental and analytical investigation on the age-dependent tensile strength of low-calcium fly ash-based concrete

In this study, the age-dependent splitting and flexural tensile strength have been investigated by incorporating the various percentages of fly ash in the plain concrete mixes. The partial replacement of cement by fly ash was varied from 0 to 60% …

Authors:
A. Fuzail Hashmi, M. Shariq, A. Baqi

01-06-2021 | Practice-oriented paper | Issue 2/2021

Fuzzy simulation of organizational adjustment processes management based on heat supply balanced scorecard

Simulation organizational adjustment management processes in the balanced scorecard (BSC) of the city district heating using fuzzy logic methods. The work engaged a system of balanced scorecard as a tool for strategic performance management, which …

Authors:
Gulmira D. Bazil, Shinar K. Adilova, Laulasyn K. Abzhanova, Laura A. Sugurova, Mira E. Yerzhanova

01-06-2021 | Research Article | Issue 3/2021

DOF: a generic approach of domain ontology fuzzification

Although recent studies on the Semantic Web have focused on crisp ontologies and knowledge representation, they have paid less attention to imprecise knowledge. However, the results of these studies constitute a Semantic Web that can answer …

Authors:
Houda Akremi, Sami Zghal

01-04-2021 | Issue 1/2021 Open Access

Towards a framework for certification of reliable autonomous systems

A computational system is called autonomous if it is able to make its own decisions, or take its own actions, without human supervision or control. The capability and spread of such systems have reached the point where they are beginning to touch …

Authors:
Michael Fisher, Viviana Mascardi, Kristin Yvonne Rozier, Bernd-Holger Schlingloff, Michael Winikoff, Neil Yorke-Smith

01-03-2021 | Issue 1/2021

NDE 4.0—A Design Thinking Perspective

Cyber technologies are offering new horizons for quality control in manufacturing and safety assurance in-service of physical assets. The line between non-destructive evaluation (NDE) and Industry 4.0 is getting blurred since both are sensory …

Authors:
Johannes Vrana, Ripudaman Singh

01-03-2021 | Issue 1/2021 Open Access

Convolutional Neural Networks for Semantic Segmentation as a Tool for Multiclass Face Analysis in Thermal Infrared

Convolutional neural networks were used for multiclass segmentation in thermal infrared face analysis. The principle is based on existing image-to-image translation approaches, where each pixel in an image is assigned to a class label. We show …

Authors:
David Müller, Andreas Ehlen, Bernd Valeske

01-03-2021 | Technical paper | Issue 1/2021

Experimental and numerical studies on the flexural behaviour of GFRP laminated hybrid-fibre-reinforced concrete (HFRC) beams

The main objective of this paper is to study the structural behaviour of hybrid fibre-reinforced concrete beams strengthened with glass fibre-reinforced polymer (GFRP) laminates. For the above purpose, three distinct groups of beam elements were …

Authors:
B. Ramesh, S. Eswari, T. Sundararajan

01-02-2021 | Original Paper | Issue 1/2021 Open Access

Feature-Driven Viewpoint Placement for Model-Based Surface Inspection

The goal of visual surface inspection is to analyze an object’s surface and detect defects by looking at it from different angles. Developments over the past years have made it possible to partially automate this process. Inspection systems use …

Authors:
Dennis Mosbach, Petra Gospodnetić, Markus Rauhut, Bernd Hamann, Hans Hagen

01-02-2021 | Entwicklung | Issue 2/2021

Variables Ventiltriebkonzept zur Erfüllung zukünftiger Emissionsstandards von Dieselfahrzeugen

Mit Einführung der Euro-7-Abgasnorm wird eine weitere Verschärfung der NO x -Emissionsgrenzwerte und der Regularien für die Realfahremissionen erwartet. Die Kaltstartphase gilt zur Erfüllung dieser Grenzwerte als besonders herausfordernd.

Authors:
Michael Elicker, Wolfgang Christgen, Jahaazeb Kiyanni, Maximilian Brauer

01-02-2021 | Research | Issue 2/2021

Thermal Influence on the Overall TC System with Consideration of the Coupled Bearings

Model-based calculation tools are for early design evaluation. They can only be used in a meaningful way if thermodynamic processes can be represented realistically, for which a sufficiently deep understanding is required. For this reason, the …

Authors:
Ole Willers, Jörg R. Seume, Christopher Zeh, Hubert Schwarze

01-02-2021 | Development | Issue 2/2021

Variable Valve Train Concept for Compliance with Future Diesel Emission Standards

With the introduction of the Euro 7 emission standard, a further tightening of the NO x emission limits and the regulations for real driving emissions is expected. The cold-start phase is regarded as particularly challenging in meeting these …

Authors:
Michael Elicker, Wolfgang Christgen, Jahaazeb Kiyanni, Maximilian Brauer

19-01-2021 | Original Paper

The Influence of Political Regime on State-Level Disciplinary Actions of CPAs Sanctioned by the PCAOB

We investigate whether enforcement is influenced by politics by comparing the severity of PCAOB sanctions of individual CPAs to the severity of related state-level disciplinary actions imposed by boards of accountancy (BOAs). Our results provide …

Authors:
Abdullah Al-Moshaigeh, Denise Dickins, Julia L. Higgs

18-01-2021

Mechanisms of perceived accountability in Korean NPOs: activating the dynamics of NPM-driven and confucian-driven cultures

Non-profit organizations (NPOs) have been recognized as critical performers not only in the enhancement of social values and civic integration but also in the construction of a global civil society, which can impact shareholders’ policies and …

Authors:
Min Young Kim, Hyo Joo Lee, Kyoung Ryoul Min

18-01-2021 | Original Paper

Innovation and entrepreneurial ecosystems: fintech in the financial services industry

Technological change that arises outside an industry and is used within it affects entrepreneurship and entrepreneurial ecosystems, but remains understudied. In this project we assess the role of financial technology (fintech) innovation in the …

Authors:
Alexander Berman, Marcelo Cano-Kollmann, Ram Mudambi

18-01-2021 | Original Paper

An efficient 3D homogenization-based topology optimization methodology

Homogenization theory forms the basis for solving the topology optimization problem (TOP) formulated for designing composite materials. Homogenization is proved to be an efficient approach to effectively determine the equivalent macroscopic …

Authors:
Konstantinos-Iason Ypsilantis, George Kazakis, Nikos D. Lagaros

18-01-2021 | Original Paper Open Access

A computational modeling approach based on random fields for short fiber-reinforced composites with experimental verification by nanoindentation and tensile tests

In this study a modeling approach for short fiber-reinforced composites is presented which allows one to consider information from the microstructure of the compound while modeling on the component level. The proposed technique is based on the …

Author:
Natalie Rauter

18-01-2021 | Original Article

Enterprise architecture management as a solution for addressing general data protection regulation requirements in a big data context: a systematic mapping study

Big Data Analytics (BDA) is a rapidly emerging area for both business and IT professionals involving technology, people and organisations (Alharthi et al. 2017 ) and generally refers to the use of analytical applications that process a wide variety …

Authors:
Georgios Georgiadis, Geert Poels

18-01-2021

Mutualism Wildlife Value Orientations Predict Support for Messages About Distance-Related Wildlife Conflict

Wildlife value orientations (WVOs) are used to address human–wildlife conflicts by developing value-framed messaging. However, little is known about whether WVOs (i.e., mutualism, domination) are useful in distance-related wildlife safety …

Authors:
Stephanie Freeman, B. Derrick Taff, Zachary D. Miller, Jacob A. Benfield, Peter Newman

18-01-2021

Hooves on the Beach; Horses Disrupt the Sand Matrix and Might Alter Invertebrate Assemblages on Beaches

Beaches are under increasing pressure from a wide range of anthropogenic threats, including human trampling, vehicular crushing, and horse riding/training. The impacts of horses on beaches are unknown. We index the relative abundance, diversity …

Authors:
Madison Evans-Clay, Nick Porch, Grainne Maguire, Michael A. Weston

18-01-2021

A Review of Biological Monitoring of Aquatic Ecosystems Approaches: with Special Reference to Macroinvertebrates and Pesticide Pollution

Biological monitoring is the evaluating changes in the environment using the biological responses with the intent of using such information in quality control of the ecosystem. Biomarkers and bioindicators are two main components of the hierarchy …

Authors:
R. G. I. Sumudumali, J. M. C. K. Jayawardana

17-01-2021 | ORIGINAL ARTICLE Open Access

Nonlinear mechanical model of the shaft of a roll forming mill and parameter identification

Roll forming is a continuous process in which a moving metal sheet passes through numerous pairs of opposing forming rolls. The shafts of the roll forming mill are equipped with these rolls and must be set up and aligned to achieve the required …

Authors:
Matthias Lamprecht, Emin Koçbay, Martin Leonhartsberger, Yury Vetyukov, Friedrich Bleicher

16-01-2021 | Research Paper

Paved guideway topology optimization for pedestrian traffic under Nash equilibrium

Without proper flow channelization, congestion and overcrowding in pedestrian traffic may lead to significant inefficiency and safety hazards. Thus, the design of guideway networks that provide a fine balance between traffic congestion and …

Authors:
Xiaojia Shelly Zhang, Weichen Li, Yanfeng Ouyang

16-01-2021 | Original Paper

Medical physicists in radiology – present status in AFOMP region

The wide use of ionization radiation in healthcare and increasing high radiation procedures like computed tomography [CT] and interventional radiology [IR] procedures have raised serious safety and health concerns for both patients and health …

Author:
Arun Chougule

16-01-2021 | Original Paper Open Access

Quaker Business Ethics as MacIntyrean Tradition

This paper argues that Quaker business ethics can be understood as a MacIntyrean tradition. To do so, it draws on three key MacIntyrean concepts: community, compartmentalisation, and the critique of management. The emphasis in Quaker business …

Authors:
Nicholas Burton, Matthew Sinnicks

15-01-2021

A new model for the factors that affect interactive whiteboard usage of teachers and its effect on performance

In this study, it was aimed to investigate teachers’ acceptance and use of interactive whiteboard (IWB), technological pedagogical content knowledge (TPACK), transition to use IWB effects on teacher performance. A causal pattern was used based on …

Authors:
Şule Betül Tosuntaş, Zühal Çubukçu, Gary Beauchamp

15-01-2021 Open Access

Trends, insights and effects of the Urban Wastewater Treatment Directive (91/271/EEC) implementation in the light of the Polish coastal zone eutrophication

The intensification of the Baltic Sea eutrophication is associated with the increase of anthropogenic nutrients loads, mainly nitrogen and phosphorus introduced into surface waters from a diffuse, point and natural background sources. Despite the …

Authors:
Michał Preisner, Marzena Smol, Dominika Szołdrowska

15-01-2021

Urethane methacrylate reactive diluents for UV-curable polyester powder coatings

Three urethane methacrylates, one monofunctional derivative and two di-functional derivatives with different chain lengths were used as reactive diluents in UV-curable polyester powder coatings. Each reactive diluent was formulated with a …

Authors:
Theodore J. Hammer, Hamideh M. Shokouhi Mehr, Coleen Pugh, Mark D. Soucek

15-01-2021 | Research Article-Civil Engineering

Predicting Bond Strength of FRP Bars in Concrete Using Soft Computing Techniques

Fiber-reinforced plastic (FRP) rebars can be the futuristic potential reinforcing material in place of mild steel (MS) rebars which are highly prone to corrosion. However, the bond properties of the FRP rebars are not consistent with those of mild …

Authors:
Mohindra Singh Thakur, Siraj Muhammed Pandhiani, Veena Kashyap, Ankita Upadhya, Parveen Sihag

15-01-2021 | Geotechnical Engineering

Detecting Piston Effect on Drilled Shafts Side Resistance Using Instrumented Pile Load Tests

The capacity of drilled shafts is strongly related to the method and adequacy of drilling practices. Despite the accumulated knowledge and experience, there is significant variability in the measured performance of drilled shafts. This paper …

Authors:
Sherif Adel Yahia Akl, Mostafa Elsayed Mossaad

14-01-2021 Open Access

Valuing health-related quality of life using a hybrid approach: Tunisian value set for the EQ-5D-3L

Health Technology Assessment (HTA) has been increasingly used to inform healthcare policy decisions [ 1 ]. Through systematic evaluation of health interventions, decision-makers can support their policies in health care resource allocation by …

Authors:
Jaafar Chemli, Chema Drira, Hajer Felfel, Bram Roudijk, Fatima Al Sayah, Mokhtar Kouki, Amna Kooli, Myriam Razgallah Khrouf

14-01-2021

Evaluation of caregiver burden and coping strategies in parents of paediatric familial Mediterranean fever patients in relation to illness severity, therapy and health-related quality of life

Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) is the most common autoinflammatory disorder. FMF is a lifelong disease. Having to deal with the disease throughout life, receiving continuous therapy and experiencing a sustained disease course can be …

Authors:
Deniz Gezgin Yıldırım, Sevcan A. Bakkaloğlu, A. Şebnem Soysal Acar, Bülent Çelik, Necla Buyan

14-01-2021 Open Access

Patient-reported outcome measures in pediatric solid organ transplantation: Exploring stakeholder perspectives on clinical implementation through qualitative description

Patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) are standardized instruments used to collect data about the subjective assessment of medical care from the patient perspective [ 1 – 4 ]. In this context, PROMs represent “any report of the patient’s health …

Authors:
Samantha J. Anthony, Katarina Young, Sarah J. Pol, Enid K. Selkirk, Tom Blydt-Hansen, Suzanne Boucher, Aviva Goldberg, Lorraine Hamiwka, Lotte Haverman, Joanna Mitchell, Simon Urschel, Maria Santana, Jennifer Stinson, Katie Sutherland, Lori J. West

14-01-2021

Assistive technology in large-scale assessments for students with visual impairments: A systematic review and recommendations based on the Brazilian reality

Currently, computer-based tests are widely used in large-scale assessments in education. However, the effective participation of people with visual impairments (PwVI) through the use of Assistive Technologies (ATs) to take these tests equitably …

Authors:
Lucinda A Leria, Priscila Benitez, Francisco J Fraga

14-01-2021 | Original Paper

An analysis of UK retailers’ initiatives towards circular economy transition and policy-driven directions

The global economic transformation has brought about a revolution that is driving economic excellence not only in the UK context but also all over the world. Businesses are facing a range of challenges such as global competition, raising awareness …

Authors:
Arvind Upadhyay, Anil Kumar, Shaheda Akter

14-01-2021 | Original Paper

Energy performance of typical large residential apartments in Kolkata: implementing new energy conservation building codes of India

Bureau of Energy Efficiency, Government of India, initiated energy conservation building codes (ECBCs) in 2007 to enhance building energy efficiency in the country. ECBC, 2017, for commercial buildings and Eco-Niwas Samhita, 2018, (Part-1) for …

Authors:
Gunjan Kumar, Biswajit Thakur, Sudipta De

14-01-2021 | Research Article

Nonlinear dynamic behavior of rotating blade with breathing crack

This study aims at investigating the nonlinear dynamic behavior of rotating blade with transverse crack. A novel nonlinear rotating cracked blade model (NRCBM), which contains the spinning softening, centrifugal stiffening, Coriolis force, and …

Authors:
Laihao Yang, Zhu Mao, Shuming Wu, Xuefeng Chen, Ruqiang Yan

14-01-2021 | ORIGINAL ARTICLE

Control of machining distortion stability in machining of monolithic aircraft parts

Machining distortion has been a long-term obstacle in the machining of aircraft monolithic parts. Furthermore, its stability has to be considered. The machining distortion stability represents the fluctuation degree of the machining distortion.

Authors:
Longxin Fan, Liang Li, Yinfei Yang, Guolong Zhao, Ning Han, Hui Tian, Ning He

13-01-2021 | Foundations

Experimental investigation and comparative machine-learning prediction of compressive strength of recycled aggregate concrete

In this study, the idea of recycling the concrete wastes and reuse of them for reproduction of green concrete has been presented. Thus, we have tried to study mechanical parameters using recycled aggregate concrete. For this purpose, three mix …

Authors:
S. Reza Salimbahrami, Reza Shakeri

13-01-2021

The development of the entrepreneurial motivation from the university

The entrepreneurial motivation is a previous and indispensable step to the act of starting a company. This paper aims to find the factors that determine the motivation of university students in business degrees to become an entrepreneur. To that …

Authors:
Carlos Alberto Pérez Rivero, Francisco Ubierna

13-01-2021

Measuring audit quality

We document 45 specific allegations related to audit deficiencies based on GAAS, as detailed in 141 AAERs and 153 securities class action lawsuits over the violation years 1978–2016. Next, we use these allegations to validate popular proxies of …

Authors:
Shivaram Rajgopal, Suraj Srinivasan, Xin Zheng

13-01-2021 | Original Research Paper

ReLock: a resilient two-phase locking RESTful transaction model

Service composition and supporting transactions across composed services are among the major challenges characterizing service-oriented computing. REpresentational State Transfer (REST) is one of the approaches used for implementing Web services …

Authors:
Luca Frosini, Pasquale Pagano, Leonardo Candela, Manuele Simi, Cinzia Bernardeschi

13-01-2021 | Research Paper

Structural topology optimization considering both performance and manufacturability: strength, stiffness, and connectivity

Structural topology optimization considering both performance and manufacturability is very attractive in engineering applications. This work proposes a formulation for structural topology optimization to achieve such a design, in which material …

Authors:
Chao Wang, Bin Xu, Zunyi Duan, Jianhua Rong

13-01-2021

Healthcare data management conceptual framework for service delivery

In the context of South Africa, what we do know is that huge amount of healthcare data does exist and that they are consciously and unconsciously scattered in bits and pieces across facilities within the country. This has directly or indirectly …

Authors:
Tiko Iyamu, Khaya Nunu

12-01-2021 | Research Paper

Layout optimization of post-tensioned cables in concrete slabs

This paper presents a new method for optimizing the layout of post-tensioned cables in concrete slabs. The cables are modeled using three-dimensional B-splines so that the prestressing forces are derived according to the exact geometry and …

Authors:
Yakov Zelickman, Oded Amir

12-01-2021 Open Access

Moving from Latent to Manifest Problem: Trajectories Across Scientific and Public Salience of Invasive Alien Species

Who worries first about an invasive alien species: scientists or the general public, or do both become concerned simultaneously? Taking thirteen invasive alien species in the Netherlands, this article reconstructs the development of their public …

Authors:
J. Vaas, P. P. J. Driessen, M. Giezen, F. van Laerhoven, M. J. Wassen

12-01-2021

Blockchain or Aggregator? An Assessment of Service Provision Approaches for Prosumer Engagement in Grid Congestion Management

Distributed load-management is seen as a means to enhance the integration of fluctuating renewable energy sources into the energy system and address the increasing strain on the German electricity grid. However, the advantages and disadvantages of …

Authors:
Gregor Jaschke, Alexander Morgan, Simon Johanning, Ankita Mitra, Thomas Bruckner

12-01-2021

A comprehensive and holistic knowledge model for cloud privacy protection

Although Cloud computing is gaining popularity by supporting data analysis in an outsourced and cost-effective way, it brings serious privacy issues when sending the original data to Cloud servers. Sensitive data have a significant value, and any …

Authors:
Aymen Akremi, Mohsen Rouached

12-01-2021

Dynamic value iteration networks for the planning of rapidly changing UAV swarms

In an unmanned aerial vehicle ad-hoc network (UANET), sparse and rapidly mobile unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs)/nodes can dynamically change the UANET topology. This may lead to UANET service performance issues. In this study, for planning rapidly …

Authors:
Wei Li, Bowei Yang, Guanghua Song, Xiaohong Jiang

11-01-2021

A new blood flow volume sensor with embedded estimation of SpO2 to maximize its accuracy

A new portable blood flow volume (BFV) sensor is developed from the function of estimating oxygen saturation (SpO2) implemented inherently to maximize the accuracy of predicting BFV. The sensor is designed to estimate BFV in high accuracy at the …

Authors:
Duc Huy Nguyen, Yu-Ting Chen, Tse-Yi Tu, Paul C.-P. Chao, Yu-Wei Fang, Bing Shi Lin

11-01-2021 | Original Article

Viscous dissipation and MHD hybrid nanofluid flow towards an exponentially stretching/shrinking surface

The impact of viscous dissipation in hybrid nanofluid plays a prominent role in industrial applications, for instance, in polymer processing flows and aerodynamic heating. Thus, the current investigation scrutinises the heat transfer performance …

Authors:
N. A. Zainal, R. Nazar, K. Naganthran, I. Pop

11-01-2021

Developing a Conceptual Model for Sustainable water Resource Management and Agricultural Development: the Case of the Breede River Catchment Area, South Africa

The complex relationship that exists between water resources and agricultural production has been increasing constantly globally. Several factors are interacting to influence the management of water resources making the system complex and dynamic.

Authors:
Y. S. Nyam, J. H. Kotir, A. J. Jordaan, A. A. Ogundeji

11-01-2021

Averting the Fallouts of the Great Recession in Belgium and the Netherlands: a Research Note

Belgium and the Netherlands recovered fast from the historic economic crisis of 2008. It is imperative for governments to garner some lessons from the experiences over the Great Recession. For this reason, the purpose of this article is to assess …

Author:
Yunsoo Lee

11-01-2021 | Research Paper

Post-Traumatic Growth and Stress-Related Responses During the COVID-19 Pandemic in a National Representative Sample: The Role of Positive Core Beliefs About the World and Others

Given the need to understand both the negative and positive psychological consequences of the current global COVID-19 pandemic (Brewin et al. in Perspectives in Public Health https://doi.org/10.1177/1757913920957365 2020), the aim of this study …

Authors:
Carmelo Vazquez, Carmen Valiente, Felipe E. García, Alba Contreras, Vanesa Peinado, Almudena Trucharte, Richard P. Bentall

11-01-2021

Hygrothermal forced vibration of a viscoelastic laminated plate with magnetostrictive actuators resting on viscoelastic foundations

The article presents a vibration analysis of a laminated composite sandwich plate containing viscoelastic layers in the core and faces of the plate. The sandwich plate includes magnetostrictive actuating layers, rests on a three-parameter …

Authors:
Ashraf M. Zenkour, Hela D. El-Shahrany

11-01-2021 | Original Paper

Anonymous, neutral, and resolute social choice revisited

We revisit the incompatibility of anonymity and neutrality in single-valued social choice. We first analyze the irresoluteness outlook these two axioms together with Pareto efficiency impose on social choice rules and deliver a method to refine …

Authors:
Ali I. Ozkes, M. Remzi Sanver

11-01-2021 | ACOUSTIC MEASUREMENTS | Issue 9/2020

Influence of External Conditions on the Sound Pressure in the Pistonphone Chamber in the Infrasound Frequency Range

Problems of calibrating the instruments for measuring infrasound fluctuations in the atmosphere are considered. The influence of external conditions, including atmospheric pressure, relative humidity and air temperature, on the sound pressure …

Authors:
A. V. Konkov, D. V. Golovin

11-01-2021 | Original Paper Open Access

Milking It for All It’s Worth: Unpalatable Practices, Dairy Cows and Veterinary Work?

Viewing animals as a disposable resource is by no means novel, but does milking the cow for all its worth now represent a previously unimaginable level of exploitation? New technology has intensified milk production fourfold over the last 50 …

Authors:
Caroline Clarke, David Knights

10-01-2021

Challenges of the virtue of friendship (Philia) in the mining industry: a case of multicultural society of Indonesia

This paper aims to explore challenges of the Aristotelian friendship (philia) in multicultural society and in the specific industrial and organizational contexts. Data was collected from forty-eight participant interviews with managers and …

Author:
Unang Mulkhan

10-01-2021 | Original Paper

Effect of surface relief on sliding friction of viscoelastic bodies

A model for calculating the sliding friction force between a surface with regular relief and a viscoelastic foundation in dry conditions is suggested. The Winkler type viscoelastic foundation with both normal and tangential compliances is …

Author:
Yulia Makhovskaya

10-01-2021 | Original Paper

Shoreline mapping based on beachrocks identification in Krakal-Sadranan beach, Yogyakarta, Indonesia

A great deal of progress has been made in recent years to investigate the chemical characteristics of beachrocks. Beachrocks found in Krakal-Sadranan Beach (Yogyakarta, Indonesia) are spread locally, parallel to the coastline with a breadth of …

Authors:
Lutfian R. Daryono, Kazunori Nakashima, Satoru Kawasaki, Anastasia D. Titisari, Didit H. Barianto, Imam Suyanto, Arief Rahmadi

09-01-2021

Prepare for takeoff: improving asset measurement and audit quality with drone-enabled inventory audit procedures

Auditors increasingly employ technologies to improve audit quality. Using a design science approach, we examine whether using drones and automated counting software can improve audit quality and thus financial reporting. We assess three dimensions …

Authors:
Margaret H. Christ, Scott A. Emett, Scott L. Summers, David A. Wood

09-01-2021 | Research Paper

Topology optimization of structural frames considering material nonlinearity and time-varying excitation

An approach for the topology optimization of structures composed of nonlinear beam elements under time-varying excitation is presented. Central to this approach is a hysteretic beam finite element model that accounts for distributed plasticity and …

Authors:
Navid Changizi, Gordon P. Warn

09-01-2021

Topology optimization of continuum structures using element free Galerkin method on irregular nodal distribution

In this paper, topology optimization of structures is achieved through integrating the element free Galerkin (EFG) method and the solid isotropic method with penalization (SIMP). The strain energy is minimized as objective function. In the …

Authors:
Alireza Lavaei, Ali Rahmani Firoozjaee

09-01-2021 | Research Article-Computer Engineering and Computer Science

Requirement Engineering Challenges: A Systematic Mapping Study on the Academic and the Industrial Perspective

Requirement engineering (RE) is the process of discovering stakeholders’ requirements and needs and documenting them in such a way that they can serve as the basis for all other system development activities. Despite recent advances in RE …

Authors:
Muhammad Tukur, Sani Umar, Jameleddine Hassine

09-01-2021

The Influence of Crystallinity on the Weather Resistance of CF/PEEK Composites

The purpose of this work is to investigate how the crystallinity degree of carbon fiber / poly(ether-ether-ketone (CF/PEEK) composites affects their performance when exposed to ultraviolet radiation, hygrothermal, and salt fog conditionings.

Authors:
Natassia L. Batista, Mirabel C. Rezende, Edson C.Botelho

09-01-2021 | Original Paper

A stress-driven computational homogenization method based on complementary potential energy variational principle for elastic composites

Based on the complementary potential energy variational principle, in this work, we proposed a stress-driven homogenization procedure to compute overall effective material properties for elastic composites with locally heterogenous …

Authors:
Yuxi Xie, Shaofan Li

09-01-2021 | Regular Paper

What is a process model composed of?

A systematic literature review of meta-models in BPM

Business process modelling languages typically enable the representation of business process models by employing (graphical) symbols. These symbols can vary depending upon the verbosity of the language, the modelling paradigm, the focus of the …

Authors:
Greta Adamo, Chiara Ghidini, Chiara Di Francescomarino

08-01-2021 | Research Paper Open Access

Multiscale structural optimization with concurrent coupling between scales

A robust three-dimensional multiscale structural optimization framework with concurrent coupling between scales is presented. Concurrent coupling ensures that only the microscale data required to evaluate the macroscale model during each iteration …

Authors:
Ryan Murphy, Chikwesiri Imediegwu, Robert Hewson, Matthew Santer

08-01-2021

QoS-driven metaheuristic service composition schemes: a comprehensive overview

Services Oriented Architecture provides Web Services (WSs) as reusable software components that can be applied to create more complicate composite services for users according to the specified QoS limitations. However, considering many WSs that …

Authors:
Mohammad Masdari, Mehdi Nouzad, Suat Ozdemir

08-01-2021 | Originalbeitrag / Original article Open Access

Entrepreneurial lean thinking for sustainable business modeling: a workshop design for incumbent firms

In times of increasing concerns and extensive political debates about social and environmental problems, incumbent firms are obliged to reduce their negative environmental impact by implementing sustainable business model innovation. Yet …

Authors:
E. J. Schwarz, P. Gregori, I. Krajger, M. A. Wdowiak

08-01-2021 | Geotechnical Engineering

Consolidation of Unsaturated Drainage Well Foundation with Smear Effect under Time-Dependent Loading

In real practice, the construction of drainage wells is always accompanied by smear effect, whereas it is scarcely discussed in the field of unsaturated soils. In this case, on the basis of the widely-accepted consolidation theory for unsaturated …

Authors:
Yuanchun Huang, Tianyi Li, Xianlei Fu

08-01-2021

Fracture Characterization of Base Metal, Seam Weld, and Girth Weld of Welded Line Pipe Steel at Room and Low Temperatures

For fitness-for-service assessment of pipeline cracks, it is necessary to examine toughness values of pipeline steels and their variations with temperature. In this study, experimental values of toughness (KJC) at room temperature have been …

Authors:
N. Choupani, V. Asghari, H. Kurtaran

08-01-2021

Indirect adaptive fuzzy-regulated optimal control for unknown continuous-time nonlinear systems

We present a novel indirect adaptive fuzzy-regulated optimal control scheme for continuous-time nonlinear systems with unknown dynamics, mismatches, and disturbances. Initially, the Hamilton-Jacobi-Bellman (HJB) equation associated with its …

Authors:
Haiyun Zhang, Deyuan Meng, Jin Wang, Guodong Lu

08-01-2021

Event-based H∞ control for piecewise-affine systems subject to actuator saturation

We deal with event-triggered H∞ controller design for discrete-time piecewise-affine systems subject to actuator saturation. By considering saturation information, a novel event-triggered strategy is proposed to conserve communication resources. A …

Authors:
Yonghao Jiang, Wei Wu, Xuyang Lou, Zhengxian Jiang, Baotong Cui

08-01-2021

A 0.20–2.43 GHz fractional-N frequency synthesizer with optimized VCO and reduced current mismatch CP

A 0.20–2.43 GHz fractional-N frequency synthesizer is presented for multi-band wireless communication systems, in which the scheme adopts low phase noise voltage-controlled oscillators (VCOs) and a charge pump (CP) with reduced current mismatch.

Authors:
Wei Zou, Daming Ren, Xuecheng Zou

08-01-2021

EdgeKeeper: a trusted edge computing framework for ubiquitous power Internet of Things

Ubiquitous power Internet of Things (IoT) is a smart service system oriented to all aspects of the power system, and has the characteristics of universal interconnection, human-computer interaction, comprehensive state perception, efficient …

Authors:
Weiyong Yang, Wei Liu, Xingshen Wei, Zixin Guo, Kangle Yang, Hao Huang, Longyun Qi

08-01-2021 | Original Research

Parameter identification of 42CrMo4 steel hot forging plastic flow behaviour using industrial upsetting presses and finite element simulations

An experimental-numerical methodology was proposed for the parameter identification of constitutive laws, when applied to hot forging. Industrial presses were directly used to generate the reference experiments for identification. The strain and …

Authors:
Gabriel Venet, Cyrille Baudouin, Corentin Pondaven, Régis Bigot, Tudor Balan

07-01-2021 | ORIGINAL ARTICLE

Manufacturing processes’ role over the residual stress state evolution of crankshafts

Different residual stress magnitude and profile are generated after every crankshaft manufacturing stage. The processes are often investigated separately, regardless of their possible influence. The acknowledgement of the stress evolution can be …

Authors:
Luiz Guilherme Aun Fonseca, Alfredo Rocha de Faria, Mário Henrique Fernandes Batalha, Hamid Jahed

07-01-2021 | Original

Design and validation of a dynamic parameter identification model for industrial manipulator robots

This article presents the design and validation of a regression model for the identification of dynamic parameters in manipulator robots. The model exhibits implementation advantages as it is based on the acquisition of position, speed and voltage …

Authors:
Claudio Urrea, José Pascal

07-01-2021 | Original

Detection of torsional guided wave generation using macro-fiber composite transducers and basis pursuit denoising

In engineering structures, such as large fluid-filled pipelines, continuous monitoring for damage detection is needed. To address this issue, we study the generation of guided waves in pipes by using a circumferential strip of macro fiber …

Authors:
K. Fernandez, E. Rojas, A. Baltazar, R. Mijarez

07-01-2021 | Original

An optimal parameter identification approach in foil bearing supported high-speed turbocharger rotor system

High-speed turbocharger rotors are often supported on double film floating ring bearings. In recent times, foil bearings are increasingly used as an alternative to floating ring bearings for supporting such lightweight rotors. Present work aims at …

Authors:
Rajasekhara Reddy Mutra, J. Srinivas, Romuald Rządkowski

07-01-2021 | Research Paper

Intra- and inter-specific scaling laws of plants and animals

The fractal tree structure exists in nature for conduction and transport [ 1 ]. Based on the fractal symmetric tree structure, West et al. [ 2 ] proposed an original mathematical model referred to as the West-Brown-Enquist (WBE) model to support …

Authors:
Jiahang Li, Hao Wu, Ghassan S. Kassab, Wenchang Tan, Yunlong Huo

07-01-2021 | Original Article

A survey of results on cusped standard and prismatic shells, in particular plates, and bars and on the corresponding singular PDEs

An updated comprehensive exploratory survey of the literature on elastic cusped standard and prismatic shells and bars, in particular, cusped plates, and to the corresponding singular partial differential equations and systems is given. The …

Authors:
George Jaiani, Natalia Chinchaladze

07-01-2021 | S. I.: Effective and Efficient Deep Learning Open Access

Deep learning-based ambient assisted living for self-management of cardiovascular conditions

According to the World Health Organization, cardiovascular diseases contribute to 17.7 million deaths per year and are rising with a growing ageing population. In order to handle these challenges, the evolved countries are now evolving workable …

Authors:
Maria Ahmed Qureshi, Kashif Naseer Qureshi, Gwanggil Jeon, Francesco Piccialli

07-01-2021 | Original Article

Spiral water cycle algorithm for solving multi-objective optimization and truss optimization problems

This paper addresses multi-objective optimization and the truss optimization problem employing a novel meta-heuristic that is based on the real-world water cycle behavior in rivers, rainfalls, streams, etc. This meta-heuristic is called …

Authors:
Heba F. Eid, Laura Garcia-Hernandez, Ajith Abraham

07-01-2021 | Research Paper

Topology optimization of compliant mechanisms and structures subjected to design-dependent pressure loadings

This article presents an extended algorithm for topology optimization of compliant mechanisms and structures with design-dependent pressure loadings using the moving iso-surface threshold (MIST) method. In this algorithm, the fluid-structure …

Authors:
Yifu Lu, Liyong Tong

07-01-2021 | Research Paper

Microstructural topology optimization of periodic beam structures based on the relaxed Saint-Venant solution

Design optimization of beam structures is a significant topic as beams are an efficient load-carrying component in engineering applications. Most of the earlier researches concentrate on the structural optimization of beams with invariant …

Authors:
Liang Xu, Zhenghua Qian

07-01-2021 | Research Paper

Robust adaptive topology optimization of porous infills under loading uncertainties

The majority of topology optimization methods for porous infill designs is based on the assumption of deterministic loads. However, in practice, quantities such as positions, weights, and directions of applied loads may change accidentally.

Authors:
Van-Nam Hoang, Trung Pham, Sawekchai Tangaramvong, Stéphane P. A. Bordas, H. Nguyen-Xuan

07-01-2021 | Research Paper

Topology optimization of thin-walled cross section using moving morphable components approach

Thin-walled beams are extensively applied in the engineering structures, in which the conceptual design of cross-sectional shape and topology is the most important issue. Traditional topology optimization methods cannot easily obtain the …

Authors:
Guikai Guo, Yanfang Zhao, Weihe Su, Wenjie Zuo

07-01-2021 | Research Paper

Two-stage convolutional encoder-decoder network to improve the performance and reliability of deep learning models for topology optimization

A vital necessity when employing state-of-the-art deep neural networks (DNNs) for topology optimization is to predict near-optimal structures while satisfying pre-defined optimization constraints and objective function. Existing studies, on the …

Authors:
Gorkem Can Ates, Recep M. Gorguluarslan

07-01-2021 | Original Article

Structural, mechanical, thermodynamic and electronic properties of Pt3M (M = Al, Co, Hf, Sc, Y, Zr) compounds under high pressure

High-temperature alloys usually refer to one kind of metallic materials that can be long term used above 600 °C in a certain stressed condition. Customarily, high-temperature alloys are called as “superalloys” due to their high …

Authors:
Zong-Bo Li, Kai Xiong, Cheng-Chen Jin, Ying-Jie Sun, Bao-Wen Wang, Shun-Meng Zhang, Jun-Jie He, Yong Mao

07-01-2021 | Original Article

Stacking fault, dislocation dissociation, and twinning in Pt3Hf compounds: a DFT study

Platinum (Pt)-based alloys have potential applications in the ultra-high-temperature domain because of their high melting temperature, good oxidation and corrosion resistance, and outstanding comprehensive mechanical behaviors [ 1 – 4 ]. Pt-based …

Authors:
Shun-Meng Zhang, Kai Xiong, Cheng-Chen Jin, Zong-Bo Li, Jun-Jie He, Yong Mao

07-01-2021 | Regular Paper

Low-cost distance-spoofing attack on FMCW radar and its feasibility study on countermeasure

In this paper, we present a low-cost distance-spoofing attack on a millimeter-wave frequency-modulated continuous wave (FMCW) radar. It uses only a replica radar chipset and a single compact microcontroller board in mass production. No expensive …

Authors:
Shoei Nashimoto, Daisuke Suzuki, Noriyuki Miura, Tatsuya Machida, Kohei Matsuda, Makoto Nagata

07-01-2021 | Original Article

An Ontology for Privacy Requirements via a Systematic Literature Review

Privacy has emerged as a key concern for business and social computing as security breaches have compromised personal data for millions. Despite this, much of existing work on privacy requirements deal with them as a special case of security …

Authors:
Mohamad Gharib, Paolo Giorgini, John Mylopoulos

07-01-2021

Optimal training for adversarial games

We consider adversarial games solved by a continuous version of the simultaneous gradient descent method, whose associated differential system is induced by a Hamiltonian function. In this case the solution obtained by training does never converge …

Author:
Ovidiu Calin

07-01-2021 | Research Article Open Access

A microfluidic bleeding model to investigate the effects of blood flow shear on microvascular hemostasis

Hemorrhage is the phenomenon of blood loss caused by vascular trauma or other pathological reasons, which is life-threatening in severe cases. Because microhemorrhage is difficult to visually monitor and pre-treat in vivo, it is necessary to …

Authors:
Xiangyu Hu, Haosheng Chen, Jiang Li, Kuilin Meng, Yuming Wang, Yongjian Li

07-01-2021 | Research Article Open Access

Chinese Service Multinationals: The Degree of Internationalization and Performance

We investigate the degree of internationalization of Chinese service multinational enterprises (MNEs) and their performance relative to global peers operating in the same industries, using the benchmarking method with the industry financial data.

Authors:
Ziyi Wei, Quyen T. K. Nguyen

07-01-2021

Aid Management, Trust, and Development Policy Influence: New Evidence from a Survey of Public Sector Officials in Low-Income and Middle-Income Countries

Bilateral and multilateral development agencies spend a great deal of time, money, and effort trying to shape the reform priorities and processes of their counterpart countries. However, the means by which development agencies can achieve these …

Authors:
Takaaki Masaki, Bradley C. Parks, Jörg Faust, Stefan Leiderer, Matthew D. DiLorenzo

07-01-2021

Digital competences of residents in Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship in the light of the polish training project “E-active”

The purpose of the article is to describe the trainings implemented as part of the project “E-Active Residents of the Kuyavian-Pomeranian and Łódź Voivodeships” and to present the results of partial assessment of the level of digital competence of …

Authors:
Małgorzata Kowalska-Chrzanowska, Przemysław Krysiński, Marcin Paweł Karwowski

07-01-2021 | Original Article | Issue 1/2021

Accelerometry as an objective measure of upper-extremity activity

Most studies evaluating the effectiveness of treatments targeting shoulder pathologies use subjective outcome measures such as self-administered questionnaires. To date, there are no validated tools that objectively measure shoulder-specific …

Authors:
Samuel Larrivée, Emma Avery, Jeff Leiter, Jason Old

07-01-2021 | Original Paper

The Radical Behavioral Challenge and Wide-Scope Obligations in Business

This paper responds to the Radical Behavioral Challenge (RBC) to normative business ethics. According to RBC, recent research on bounded ethicality shows that it is psychologically impossible for people to follow the prescriptions of normative …

Author:
Hasko von Kriegstein

07-01-2021 | Original Paper

Can Corporate Ethics Programs Reduce Unethical Behavior? Threat Appraisal or Coping Appraisal

While a corporate ethics program is expected to reduce employees’ unethical behavior, understanding the effects of the ethics program elements on reducing the unethical behavior is a crucial issue. This study aims to explore how a corporate ethics …

Authors:
Taslima Jannat, Syed Shah Alam, Yi-Hui Ho, Nor Asiah Omar, Chieh-Yu Lin

06-01-2021 | Original Article

Big data in cybersecurity: a survey of applications and future trends

With over 4.57 billion people using the Internet in 2020, the amount of data being generated has exceeded 2.5 quintillion bytes per day. This rapid increase in the generation of data has pushed the applications of big data to new heights; one of …

Author:
Mohammed M. Alani

06-01-2021 | Original

Free vibration analysis of an aluminum beam coated with imperfect and damaged functionally graded material

In this paper, the free vibration of an aluminum beam coated with imperfect and damaged functionally graded material is investigated. The imperfections consist of porosities, while 4 evenly distributed cracks represent the damage profile. A …

Authors:
E. F. Erdurcan, Y. Cunedioğlu

06-01-2021

LGBT+ Training Needs for Health and Social Care Professionals: A Cross-cultural Comparison Among Seven European Countries

Evidence shows there is a need to ensure that health and social care professionals (i.e. teachers/trainers/workers, for theory and practice, in health and social care settings) are capable to deliver care and support to lesbian, gay, bisexual, and …

Authors:
Roberto Baiocco, Alfonso Pezzella, Jessica Pistella, Christiana Kouta, Elena Rousou, Patricia Rocamora-Perez, Remedios López-Liria, Victor Dudau, Ana Maria Doru, Andrea Kuckert-Wöstheinrich, Sabine Ziegler, Dorthe Nielsen, Laila Twisttmann Bay, Irena Papadopoulos

06-01-2021

Social Support in the Transition to Parenthood Among Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Persons: A Systematic Review

Parenting is a challenging life-cycle transition, particularly for lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) persons who have to deal with prejudice and discrimination. Considering this position of social disadvantage and the potential protective role of …

Authors:
Daniela Leal, Jorge Gato, Susana Coimbra, Daniela Freitas, Fiona Tasker

06-01-2021

Effects of swift heavy ion irradiation on the performance of HfO2-based resistive random access memory devices

In this work, the effects of 120 MeV Ag ion irradiation on the switching properties of Au/HfO2/Au-based Resistive Random Access Memory (RRAM) devices are reported. The ion fluence is varied between 5 × 1010 and 5 × 1012 ions/cm2 while two device …

Authors:
N. Arun, L. D. Varma Sangani, K. Vinod Kumar, A. Mangababu, M. Ghanashyam Krishna, A. P. Pathak, S. V. S. Nageswara Rao

06-01-2021

The Global Compact for Migration (GCM), International Solidarity and Civil Society Participation: a Stakeholder’s Perspective

A distinguishing feature of the Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration (GCM) is its “whole-of-society” approach, which includes states, but also engages a “broad multi-stakeholder” partnership to address global migration “in all …

Authors:
Carolina Gottardo, Nishadh Rego

06-01-2021 | Research Paper

Multi-resolution topology optimization using adaptive isosurface variable grouping (MTOP-aIVG) for enhanced computational efficiency

Because finite elements and density elements are separated in multi-resolution topology optimization (MTOP), a relatively fewer number of finite elements can be used, thereby significantly reducing computing cost in finite element analysis (FEA) …

Authors:
Jaeeun Yoo, In Gwun Jang, Ikjin Lee

06-01-2021 | Research Article

The prioritization of visuo-spatial associations during mental imagery

While previous research has shown that during mental imagery participants look back to areas visited during encoding it is unclear what happens when information presented during encoding is incongruent. To investigate this research question, we …

Authors:
Hafidah Umar, Fred W. Mast, Trix Cacchione, Corinna S. Martarelli

06-01-2021 | S.I. : Deep Neuro-Fuzzy Analytics in Smart Ecosystems

Data-driven management for fuzzy sewage treatment processes using hybrid neural computing

With the growing public attention on sustainable development and green ecosystems, the efficient management of fuzzy sewage treatment processes (FSTPs) has been a major concern in academia. Characterized by strong abstraction and analysis …

Authors:
Wenru Zeng, Zhiwei Guo, Yu Shen, Ali Kashif Bashir, Keping Yu, Yasser D. Al-Otaibi, Xu Gao

06-01-2021 | Modelling and analysis of mechanical systems dynamics

Phase transformation in shape memory alloys: a numerical approach for thermomechanical modeling via peridynamics

The work is devoted to the numerical aspects of the modeling tool elaborated to simulate the phenomenon of solid phase transformation in shape memory alloys. Particularly, a nonlocal approach, namely the bond based variant of peridynamics, is of …

Authors:
Adam Martowicz, Sławomir Kantor, Łukasz Pieczonka, Jakub Bryła, Jakub Roemer

06-01-2021

Topology optimization of composite hyperelastic material using SPIMFO-method

Fiber reinforced materials are used in assorted engineering application and for this reason, new additive manufacturing technologies have been developed for this type of materials. With these technologies, it is possible to construct composite …

Authors:
Andre Luis Ferreira da Silva, Ruben Andres Salas, Emilio Carlos Nelli Silva

06-01-2021

Bullying and victimization among Turkish adolescents: the predictive role of problematic internet use, school burnout and parental monitoring

This study aims to examine the paths between excessive Internet use, school burnout and parental monitoring and their predictor effects in peer bullying and victimization among Turkish adolescents. The relational survey design was employed in the …

Authors:
Özge Çevik, Rıdvan ATA, Mustafa Çevik

06-01-2021 | ORIGINAL ARTICLE | Issue 7-8/2021

Augmented product information: crafting physical-digital transparency strategies in the materials supply chain

The adoption of digitally enabled manufacturing requires new strategies for managing information about the construction materials beyond the traditional project-driven perspective. This paper contributes an approach to improving transparency and …

Authors:
João Barata, Paulo Rupino da Cunha

05-01-2021 | Research Article-Civil Engineering

Artificial Intelligence Approach in Predicting the Effect of Elevated Temperature on the Mechanical Properties of PET Aggregate Mortars: An Experimental Study

In this study, the effect of high temperature on the flexural and compressive strength of mortars containing waste PET aggregates was investigated experimentally. The mortar samples prepared in 5 different concentrations with a total of 2.5%, 5% …

Authors:
Andaç Batur Çolak, Kubilay Akçaözoğlu, Semiha Akçaözoğlu, Gülhan Beller

05-01-2021

A Touching Connection: How Observing Robotic Touch Can Affect Human Trust in a Robot

As robots begin to occupy our social spaces, touch will increasingly become part of human–robot interactions. This paper examines the impact of observing a robot touch a human on trust in that robot. In three online studies, observers watched …

Authors:
Theresa Law, Bertram F. Malle, Matthias Scheutz

05-01-2021 Open Access

The Struggle for Legitimacy in Business and Human Rights Regulation—a Consideration of the Processes Leading to the UN Guiding Principles and an International Treaty

After the UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights (UNGPs) were adopted in 2011, an international treaty has been being negotiated since 2014. The two instruments reveal similarities and also conflicts regarding the adequate organization …

Author:
Brigitte Hamm

05-01-2021

Outsourcing or Not? The OEM’s Better Collecting Mode under Cap-and-Trade Regulation

Many original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) carry out collecting operations by themselves or a third party. Most of the existing research papers in the literature consider the collecting mode selection problem from an economic perspective.

Authors:
Lei Yang, Caixia Hao, Yijuan Hu

05-01-2021

Wetland Compensation and Landscape Change in a Rapidly Urbanizing Context

While there are regulatory requirements that regulators should assess the impact of landscape-scale changes on the success of US Clean Water Act wetland compensatory mitigation sites, these requirements are poorly specified and very little work …

Authors:
Morgan Robertson, Susan M. Galatowitsch, Jeffrey W. Matthews

05-01-2021

Workload, staff composition, and sickness absence: findings from employees in child care centers

Persistently, high workload may raise sickness absence with associated costs to firms and society. We proxy workload by the number of adults per child in Norwegian child care centers and find that more educated teachers per child are associated …

Authors:
Nina Drange, Trude Gunnes, Kjetil Telle

05-01-2021 | Original Paper

Micromechanical modeling of time-dependent and nonlinear responses of magnetostrictive polymer composites

The overall time-dependent and nonlinear responses of two-phase magnetostrictive polymer composites are obtained by coupling micromechanical analysis for magnetoelastic coupled composites with a time-integration algorithm for thermorheologically …

Authors:
Kuo-Jung Shen, Chien-hong Lin

05-01-2021

Optical and resistive switching properties of Chitosan-aluminum-doped zinc oxide composite thin films for transparent resistive random access memory application

The preparation of chitosan-aluminum-doped zinc oxide (AZO) composite thin films for transparent resistive random access memory applications is reported. The variation in optical transmission, refractive index and optical bandgap of the composite …

Authors:
Sreedevi Vallabhapurapu, L. D. Varma Sangani, M. Ghanashyam Krishna, J. Das, A. Srinivasan, V. V. Srinivasu

05-01-2021 | Research Paper

Topological derivative-based topology optimization of structures subject to self-weight loading

Topology optimization of structures subject to self-weight loading has received considerable attention in the last decades. However, by using standard formulations based on compliance minimization under volume constraint, several difficulties …

Authors:
A. A. Novotny, C. G. Lopes, R. B. Santos

05-01-2021 | Research Article

Sino-US Competition in the South China Sea: Power, Rules and Legitimacy

The increasing competition between China and the United States in the South China Sea necessitates that some important issues be resolved. What are China and the US fighting over? What is causing the two sides to increasingly diverge on this issue …

Author:
Bo Hu

05-01-2021 Open Access

Challenges to open innovation in traditional SMEs: an analysis of pre-competitive projects in university-industry-government collaboration

Governments are increasingly focusing their efforts on stimulating innovation within small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). As a result, university-industry-government collaboration is gaining importance among the agenda of policymakers to …

Authors:
Alberto Bertello, Alberto Ferraris, Paola De Bernardi, Bernardo Bertoldi

05-01-2021 | ORIGINAL ARTICLE

Technological behaviour and leaching tests in ceramic tile bodies obtained by recycling of copper slag and MSW fly ash wastes

The substitution of standard clays to residues, in this case copper smelter slag and fly ashes coming from the incineration process of MSW in traditional ceramics manufacturing, could suppose cost savings due to the use of recycling by-products as …

Authors:
Manuel Miguel Jordán, María Adriana Montero, Francisco Pardo-Fabregat

05-01-2021 | Methodologies and Application

Security-aware multi-cloud service composition by exploiting rough sets and fuzzy FCA

With the emergence of cloud computing and to better satisfy users’ complex requirements in front of the huge number of cloud services, these latter may be combined while considering the virtualized environment’s constraints, including quality of …

Authors:
Fatma Lahmar, Haithem Mezni

05-01-2021 | Issue 1/2021

Analysis of Boundary Layer Effects Due to Usual Boundary Conditions or Geometrical Defects in Elastic Plates Under Bending: An Improvement of the Love-Kirchhoff Model

We propose a model of flexural elastic plates accounting for boundary layer effects due to the most usual boundary conditions or to geometrical defects, constructed via matched asymptotic expansions. In particular, considering a rectangular plate …

Authors:
Andrés León Baldelli, Jean-Jacques Marigo, Catherine Pideri

04-01-2021

Screening for losers: Trade institutions and information

Trade law scholars have often argued that international institutions can serve a useful domestic political role by providing a constraint against domestic demands for protection. In this paper, I identify a new way in which such institutions and …

Author:
Jason S. Davis

04-01-2021

The impact of state legitimacy on entrepreneurial activity

The purpose of this research is to analyze the influence of the state legitimacy on of the different countries’ entrepreneurial activity’s development, the opportunities’ perception and the entrepreneurship’s motivations. This paper is set into …

Authors:
Francisco Díez-Martín, Alicia Blanco-González, Giorgia Miotto

04-01-2021 | LCI METHODOLOGY AND DATABASES Open Access

An economic assessment framework for decommissioning of offshore wind farms using a cost breakdown structure

Offshore wind energy has been gaining a lot of attention in the renewable energy sector in recent years. A large number of offshore wind turbines have been installed recently due to more stable and steady flow of wind and less noise and visual …

Authors:
Tosin Adedipe, Mahmood Shafiee

04-01-2021

The Design of Spillway Structures of the Krasnogorskaya Small HPP-1 and HPP-2 on the Kuban River

The special features of project design for spillway structures of the Krasnogorskaya small HPP-1 and HPP-2 are studied, as was the selection of a variant of the layout of hydromechanical equipment and the criteria for selection of the basic …

Authors:
V. A. Eskin, D. I. Ermakov, R. M. Ikhsanov

04-01-2021

Performance of a Steam Pipeline with Defects in Knot Welded Joints

The analysis of the possibility of temporary operation of a steam pipeline with defects in knot welded joints was performed on a specific example. Based on the conservative approach, the tensile stresses in the working sections of the pipeline …

Authors:
E. A. Grin’, A. V. Zelenskii

04-01-2021

Concerning Participation in the Survey and Design of the Infrastructure of the Facilities of the Mountain Ski Health Resort “Arkhyz” in the North Caucasus

This article presents a description of the complex engineering surveying conducted by the company Mosoblgidroproekt JSC as well as the design and operational documentation for the infrastructure in the Lunnaya Polyana and Romantik settlements of …

Authors:
R. M. Ikhsanov, A. L. Aleksandrova, M. A. Skripkin-Kuznetsov, L. A. Musaeva

04-01-2021

Measuring industrial design self-efficacy and anxiety

Both evaluating students’ design works and also understanding their cognition in the industrial design process are equally important for students’ learning. This study used the design activities and design competencies required by the industrial …

Authors:
Yu-Hung Chien, Kuen-Yi Lin, Hsien-Sheng Hsiao, Yu-Shan Chang, Shaio-Chung Chan

04-01-2021

Voluntary provision of environmental offsets under monopolistic competition

In a general equilibrium model where individuals voluntarily provide offsets which compensate for degradation of environmental quality by consuming differentiated goods produced by monopolistically competitive firms, this paper examines how the …

Authors:
Masatoshi Yoshida, Stephen J. Turnbull

04-01-2021 | Original Paper Open Access

The role of managerial characteristics in FX risk management: Who increases risk?

We examine the impact of managerial characteristics on the choice of risk-decreasing and risk-increasing/-constant strategies. Using unique data on firm-, year-, and currency-specific FX exposure before and after hedging with corresponding hedging …

Author:
Andreas Hecht

04-01-2021 | Industrial Application Paper

Designing lightweight diesel engine alternator support bracket with topology optimization methodology

Decreasing fuel consumption and tailpipe emissions have been an important issue nowadays for automotive industry after new regulations. Fuel consumption is also an important parameter that highly affects the customers’ choice. Reduction of total …

Authors:
Erkan Talay, Cengiz Özkan, Emre Gürtaş

04-01-2021 | Special Section Paper Open Access

Asynchronous session subtyping as communicating automata refinement

We study the relationship between session types and behavioural contracts, representing Communicating Finite State Machines (CFSMs), under the assumption that processes communicate asynchronously. Session types represent a syntax-based approach …

Authors:
Mario Bravetti, Gianluigi Zavattaro

04-01-2021 | Special Section Paper

Testing cockpit display systems of aircraft using a model-based approach

Avionics are highly critical systems that require extensive testing to comply with international safety standards. Cockpit display systems (CDS) are a mandatory part of modern cockpits of both manned and unmanned aircraft. The information from …

Authors:
Hassan Sartaj, Muhammad Zohaib Iqbal, Muhammad Uzair Khan

04-01-2021 | Research Paper

Concurrent topology optimization design of stiffener layout and cross-section for thin-walled structures

Stiffened plates are widely applied in engineering structures for its high rigidity-to-weight ratio, easy fabrication, and convenient application [ 1 , 2 ]. Previous research showed that the stiffened plate structures' static and dynamic properties …

Authors:
Quhao Li, Yongxin Qu, Yunfeng Luo, Shutian Liu

04-01-2021 | Regular Paper

PAMTEL-RT: web-based multimedia platform for tele-assistance of pediatric health emergencies in real time in training centers

In this paper, PAMTEL-RT, a web-based platform to provide remote health professional support and guidance during the initial assistance of emergency situations is presented. In particular, this platform focuses on the pediatric population and has …

Authors:
Fernando Boronat, Pascual Escrivá, Pau Salvador, Fátima Pareja, Javier Pastor

04-01-2021 | Technical Paper

Two-objective metaheuristic optimization for floating gate transistor-based CMOS-MEMS inertial sensors

In this work, a study case is presented in which the design of the layout for a CMOS sensor cell is partially automated by implementing a metaheuristic algorithm to find the best tradeoff between two conflicting objectives (two quantitative …

Authors:
B. Granados-Rojas, M. A. Reyes-Barranca, Y. E. González-Navarro, G. S. Abarca-Jiménez, M. A. Alemán-Arce, S. Mendoza-Acevedo, L. M. Flores-Nava

04-01-2021

Experimental Analysis of Impact Resistance of 3D Polycarbonate and Nylon + Carbon Fiber Specimens

This paper studies the influence of factors such as printing speed, layer height, infill density, and type of material, over the mechanical properties of 3D printed pieces. A statistical analysis was conducted in order to determine the effect of …

Authors:
R. A. García-León, M. Rodríguez-Castilla, W. Quintero-Quintero

04-01-2021 | Research Paper

Structural topology optimization using a level set method with finite difference updating scheme

In conventional level set methods for topology optimization, the evolution of level set function is solved by upwind scheme and needs to be reinitialized frequently throughout the optimization. The upwind scheme is complicated in numerical …

Authors:
Yi Lin, Weidong Zhu, Jiangxiong Li, Yinglin Ke

04-01-2021 | Research Paper

A new model and direct slicer for lattice structures

This paper presents a model for generating strut-based lattice structures using topology optimization and their efficient direct slicing. These structures exhibit better physical properties and can represent the partial densities at the …

Authors:
Syed Shahid Mustafa, Ismail Lazoglu

04-01-2021 | Research Paper

Topology optimization for additive manufacturing with self-supporting constraint

Topology optimization can devise structures with superior performance, while the results produced by topology optimization are often very complex and difficult to be manufactured directly. The additive manufacturing is a free-form manufacturing …

Authors:
Jun Zou, Yuechao Zhang, Zhenyu Feng

04-01-2021 | Original Paper

Assessing sustainability of Islamic countries via data envelopment analysis (DEA)

The increasing rate of development leads to unsustainable status where future descendants cannot meet their own needs (Mota et al. 2014 ). Sustainable development (SD) has a vital role in infrastructure improvement of countries (Keshavarz and Toloo …2018

Authors:
Sara Yousefi, Amir Hassanzadeh, Reza Farzipoor Saen, Zohreh Mousavi Kashi

04-01-2021 | ORIGINAL ARTICLE | Issue 5-6/2021

Mechanical behavior and collapse mechanisms of innovative aluminum foam-based sandwich panels under three-point bending

Recent studies on innovative solutions in structural engineering fields highlight the effectiveness of closed-cell aluminum foams as traditional material/architecture core replacement in sandwich structures. This study aims to investigate the …

Authors:
Antonio Formisano, Massimo Durante, Antonio Viscusi, Luigi Carrino

04-01-2021 | ORIGINAL ARTICLE | Issue 5-6/2021

Study on surface integrity and material removal mechanism in eco-friendly grinding of Inconel 718 using numerical and experimental investigations

Knowledge of material removal behavior and generated surface characteristics are crucial to improve grinding performance. A finite element model was developed using a single grit approach with the consideration of uncut chip thick variations along …

Authors:
Hamed Esmaeili, Hamed Adibi, Seyed Mehdi Rezaei

04-01-2021 | Original Research

Assessing the Quality of Service of Water Companies: a ‘Benefit of the Doubt’ Composite Indicator

Evaluating the quality of service (QS) provided by water companies is essential to benchmark and regulate them. Composite indicators (CIs) are a useful tool for this as they consist of aggregated multiple performance indicators in a single index …

Authors:
Ramon Sala-Garrido, Manuel Mocholí-Arce, María Molinos-Senante

04-01-2021 | Original Paper

Extracting Legitimacy: An Analysis of Corporate Responses to Accusations of Human Rights Abuses

We ask what type of neutralization techniques corporations apply to allegations of human rights abuses. We proceed by undertaking a Qualitative Content Analysis (QCA) of 162 responses by ten extractives-sector firms over a period of 14 years. The …

Authors:
Rajiv Maher, Moritz Neumann, Mette Slot Lykke

04-01-2021 | Original Paper

Place Matters: (Dis)embeddedness and Child Labourers’ Experiences of Depersonalized Bullying in Indian Bt Cottonseed Global Production Networks

Engaging Polanyi’s embeddedness–disembeddedness framework, this study explored the work experiences of Bhil children employed in Indian Bt cottonseed GPNs. The innovative visual technique of drawings followed by interviews was used. Migrant …

Authors:
Premilla D’Cruz, Ernesto Noronha, Muneeb Ul Lateef Banday, Saikat Chakraborty

03-01-2021 | Original Article

Exfoliating decision support system: a synthesis of themes using text mining

Decision support systems (DSS) have evolved significantly since the past 50 years. The existing bouquet of DSS contributions offering the prevalent emphasis and future orientations of the field also point towards several shortcomings. The existing …

Authors:
Rahul Kumar, Rahul Thakurta

03-01-2021 | Original Paper

Does an agent’s touch always matter? Study on virtual Midas touch, masculinity, social status, and compliance in Polish men

Traditional gender roles that define what is feminine and masculine also imply that men have higher social status than women. These stereotypes still influence how people interact with each other and with computers. Touch behaviour, essential in …

Authors:
Justyna Świdrak, Grzegorz Pochwatko, Andrea Insabato

03-01-2021 | Technical Paper

Effects of fringing capacitances and electrode’s finiteness in improved SiC membrane based micromachined ultrasonic transducers

The influence of fringing electric fields at the edges of the Capacitance Micromachined Ultrasonic Transducer’s (CMUT’s) gap and insulation layers are included into the parallel plate capacitance phenomenon. Its effect on various CMUT parameters …

Authors:
Moumita Pal, C. Lalengkima, Reshmi Maity, Srimanta Baishya, N. P. Maity

03-01-2021 | Technical Paper

Efficient HW/SW partitioning of Halo: FPGA-accelerated recursive proof composition in blockchain

The blockchain space has seen tremendous innovation and advancement, in the last few years with an explosion of functionality and use cases. However, several challenges naturally arise from the nature of these distributed systems—energy …

Authors:
Rami Akeela, Mitchell P. Krawiec-Thayer

03-01-2021 | Original Paper

Expressive Politics as (Costly) Norm Following

When deciding whether to support a political candidate, policy or cause, individuals are observed to prioritize the expression of their political identities. They even knowingly incur personal costs (a lower wage, strained family relations) to do …

Authors:
Mark Pickup, Erik O. Kimbrough, Eline A. de Rooij

03-01-2021 | Original Paper

A nonlocal damage model for concrete with three length scales

In the presented work, a nonlocal gradient enhanced damage model for concrete is proposed with a stress decomposition, to account for shear induced damage. The nonlocal model is an extension of the recently proposed local plasticity damage model …

Authors:
Bilal Ahmed, George Z. Voyiadjis, Taehyo Park

03-01-2021 | Composites & nanocomposites

Effect of rapid manufacturing on the performance of carbon fibre epoxy polymers

The effect of cure rate on the mechanical and fracture properties of both bulk epoxy polymers and carbon fibre-reinforced polymers (CFRP) containing reaction-induced phase-separating liquid rubber was investigated in the current work. The fracture …

Authors:
Kirill Khraponichev, Daniele Incerti, Declan Carolan, Alexander Fergusson

03-01-2021 | Computation & theory

Equilibrium segregation in the stressed Ni(111)(Au) nano-films on inert substrate

Based on the network model and the regular solution model, the equilibrium surface and interface segregations are investigated for the Ni(111)2 at%(Au) nano-films under diffusion-induced stress and intrinsic stress. The size effect with respect to …

Authors:
Songyou Lian, Man Man Zhou, Yi Yan, Jacobus J. Terblans, Hendrik C. Swart, Jiangyong Wang, Congkang Xu

03-01-2021 | Original Article

Utilizing Facebook for professional integration of three ethnic groups in Israel

This study proposes a conceptual model for utilization of Facebook for professional integration of ethnic minorities, based on the social capital and weak social ties theories. In particular, the research focuses on differences among ethnic groups …

Authors:
Maayan Zhitomirsky-Geffet, Avraham Weic

03-01-2021 | Composites & nanocomposites | Issue 9/2021

Study of the acoustic emission response to a core-shell rubber-toughened, high-temperature composite

This work explores the effect of core-shell rubber (CSR) addition on the cure reaction and resulting mechanical and thermal properties of a highly cross-linked network made from 4,4′- tetraglycidyl diamino diphenyl methane and 3,3′-diamino …

Authors:
Samuel R. Swan, Timothy M. Devenport, Seyed Mohsen Seraji, James M. Griffin, Bekim V. Gashi, Claudia Creighton, Russell J. Varley

03-01-2021 | Ceramics | Issue 9/2021

Dislocation-based crack initiation and propagation in single-crystal SrTiO3

Understanding the irreversible deformation (dislocation activation and crack formation) of functional oxides, based on which various advanced electronic devices are fabricated, is critical for the optimal structural design and mechanical …

Authors:
Xufei Fang, Kuan Ding, Christian Minnert, Atsutomo Nakamura, Karsten Durst

03-01-2021

Family influence on undergraduates’ career choice implementation

This study examined the influence of family on career choice implementation, assuming that implementation can be assessed through goal progress and satisfaction, and that family influences the latter through perceived environmental supports or …

Authors:
Jaisso Vautero, Ana Daniela Silva, Maria do Céu Taveira

03-01-2021 | Original Article

Semi-refined Crambe abyssinica (Hochst. EX R.E.Fr.) oil as a biobased hydraulic fluid for agricultural applications

Vegetable oils are well known for their potential applications in green chemistry, including use as hydraulic fluids. Among oilseed crops, Crambe abyssinica Hochst. EX R.E.Fr . gained attention for its low-input requirements during cultivation and …

Authors:
Roberto Fanigliulo, Daniele Pochi, Paolo Bondioli, Renato Grilli, Laura Fornaciari, Liliana Folegatti, Lorena Malaguti, Roberto Matteo, Luisa Ugolini, Luca Lazzeri

03-01-2021 | Original Research

Does firm payout policy affect shareholders’ dissatisfaction with directors?

In this study we investigate the information content of firm payout policy to shareholders. We focus on the association between a firm’s payout policy and shareholders’ satisfaction with board directors, as expressed by the percentage of negative …

Authors:
Paul Tanyi, David B. Smith, Xiaoyan Cheng

03-01-2021 | Research Paper

On the Role of Passion in Second Language Learning and Flourishing

This study aimed to examine a positive-oriented model of two types of motivational constructs (i.e., harmonious passion and obsessive passion) for learning a second language (L2) and their relationship to self-growth indicators. The dualistic …

Authors:
Xinjie Chen, Robert J. Vallerand, Amado M. Padilla

03-01-2021 | Original Paper

Sustainability performance of the Indian cement industry

The cement industry in India has witnessed a remarkable growth making India presently the second largest producer of cement in the world. However, the production of cement involves emission of pollutants that are considered to be a severe threat …

Authors:
Debanjali Dasgupta, Sukanya Das

03-01-2021 | ORIGINAL ARTICLE | Issue 5-6/2021

Literature review and prospect of the development and application of FMEA in manufacturing industry

In order to enable failure mode and effects analysis (FMEA) to play a better quality control role in complex manufacturing products or systems, the current research status of FMEA is reviewed from failure mode identification, risk assessment, and …

Authors:
Zhongyi Wu, Weidong Liu, Wenbin Nie

03-01-2021

Mathematization of experts knowledge: example of part orientation in additive manufacturing

The use of expert knowledge by manufacturing companies to support everyday activities has become an emerging practice thanks to the new knowledge management tools. A big set of knowledge is available in the organizations but its profitable use to …

Authors:
Mouhamadou Mansour Mbow, Christelle Grandvallet, Frederic Vignat, Philippe Rene Marin, Nicolas Perry, Franck Pourroy

03-01-2021 | Original Paper

Escaping the Fantasy Land of Freedom in Organizations: The Contribution of Hannah Arendt

This article examines why and how workers adhere and contribute to the perpetuation of the freedom fantasy induced by neoliberal ideology. We turn to Hannah Arendt’s analysis of the human condition, which offers invaluable insights into the …

Authors:
Yuliya Shymko, Sandrine Frémeaux

03-01-2021 | Original Paper

Hiding in the Crowd: Government Dependence on Firms, Management Costs of Political Legitimacy, and Modest Imitation

Although previous studies primarily claim that government-dependent firms can actively engage in compliance activities in order to achieve political legitimacy, access government resources, and build competitive advantages, these studies largely …

Authors:
Yi Xiang, Ming Jia, Zhe Zhang

03-01-2021 | Original Paper

Board Gender Diversity and Corporate Response to Cyber Risk: Evidence from Cybersecurity Related Disclosure

Cyber risk has become one of the greatest threats to firms in recent years. Accordingly, boards of directors must be continually vigilant about this danger. They have a duty to ensure that the companies adopt appropriate cybersecurity measures to …

Authors:
Camélia Radu, Nadia Smaili

02-01-2021

Fabrication of Cr–ZnO photocatalyst by starch-assisted sol–gel method for photodegradation of congo red under visible light

In this work, a sol–gel method has been employed to fabricate Cr-doped ZnO nanoparticles (NPs) in the presence of starch at different annealing temperatures. The obtained products were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron …

Authors:
Nuha Elamin, A. Modwi, M. A. Ben Aissa, Kamal K. Taha, Omer K. Al-Duaij, T. A. Yousef

02-01-2021

Pricing for a Common Good: beyond Ethical Minimalism in Commercial Practices

Pricing policies and fair-trade practices are critical for sustaining commercial relationships between firms and customers. Nevertheless, in current business practices, fairness has been mistakenly reduced to a minimalistic ethic wherein justice …

Authors:
Javier Pinto-Garay, Ignacio Ferrero, Germán Scalzo

02-01-2021 | Research Article

Heuristic solution using decision tree model for enhanced XML schema matching of bridge structural calculation documents

Research on the quality of data in a structural calculation document (SCD) is lacking, although the SCD of a bridge is used as an essential reference during the entire lifecycle of the facility. XML Schema matching enables qualitative improvement …

Authors:
Sang I. Park, Sang-Ho Lee

02-01-2021 | Original Research Article

High-Productivity and High-Strength Fe/Al and Al/Al Dissimilar Joining by Spot Forge-Welding

To realize high-speed and high-strength joining of dissimilar materials that can be used in an automobile manufacturing line, two types of dissimilar lap-joining were examined using spot forge-welding. The material combinations were high-tensile …

Author:
Hideki Yamagishi

02-01-2021 | Open Forum

The regulatory intersections between artificial intelligence, data protection and cyber security: challenges and opportunities for the EU legal framework

The presented paper focuses on the analysis of strategic documents at the level of the European Union (EU) concerning the regulation of artificial intelligence as one of the so-called disruptive technologies. In the first part of the article, we …

Authors:
Jozef Andraško, Matúš Mesarčík, Ondrej Hamuľák

02-01-2021

Profit-splitting rules and the taxation of multinational digital platforms

This paper analyzes the strategy of a monopolistic digital platform serving users from two jurisdictions with different corporate tax rates. We consider two profit-splitting rules, Separate Accounting and Formula Apportionment based on the number …

Authors:
Francis Bloch, Gabrielle Demange

02-01-2021

Structural, electrical and humidity sensing properties of nano-structured nickel oxide prepared by sol–gel method

In this paper, we have presented the synthesis of nickel oxide (NiO) nanoparticles using sol–gel method and measured its structural, electrical and humidity sensing properties using different measurement tools after annealing at three different …

Authors:
Priya Gupta, Savita Maurya, N. K. Pandey, Vernica Verma

02-01-2021

Presence of capacitive memory in GLAD-synthesized WO3 nanowire

We report on the capacitive memory of the WO3 nanowire (NW) MOS capacitor on Si substrate synthesized by glancing angle deposition (GLAD) technique inside an electron beam evaporator system. The field-emission gun scanning electron microscope …

Authors:
Rajshree Rajkumari, Chitralekha Ngangbam, Naorem Khelchand Singh

02-01-2021

Solvothermal preparation of Co-doped CoxV6−xO13 of cathode materials for lithium-ion batteries

V6O13 cathode materials have received great attention owing to its high theoretical specific capacity and energy density; however, the poor cycle stability and rate performance have constrained their development. In this experiment, the …

Authors:
Huanhuan Zhang, Zhengguang Zou, Shengyu Li, Yanjiao Zhang, Shuchao Zhang, Jie Liu

02-01-2021 | Research Article

Coping with intelligence deficits in poverty-alleviation policies in low-income countries

Poverty-alleviation initiatives in lower-income countries are challenged by intelligence deficits that cause suboptimal designs that threaten their effectiveness, targeting, and sustainability. The uncertainty of theory and information, the …

Author:
William Ascher

02-01-2021

Effect of Rock Wool Waste on Compressive Behavior of Pumice Lightweight Aggregate Concrete After Elevated Temperature Exposure

In the present study, the mechanical properties and the residual stress–strain behavior of lightweight concrete (LWC) containing pumice coarse aggregate and rock wool waste (consisting of mineral fibers) were explored prior to and following …

Authors:
Amirreza Bahrami, Mahdi Nematzadeh

02-01-2021

SaMW: a probabilistic meta-heuristic algorithm for job scheduling in heterogeneous distributed systems powered by microservices

Applications are evolving in ways that demand geographically distributed resources to co-operate in order to give users better Quality of Service (QoS). There is a plethora of ways to implement such systems, but a Heterogeneous Distributed System …

Authors:
Dimitrios Tychalas, Helen Karatza

02-01-2021

Early DGA-based botnet identification: pushing detection to the edges

With the first commercially available 5G infrastructures, worldwide’s attention is shifting to the next generation of theorised technologies that might be finally deployable. In this context, the cybersecurity of edge equipment and end-devices …

Authors:
Mattia Zago, Manuel Gil Pérez, Gregorio Martínez Pérez

02-01-2021 | Research Paper

Emotional Well-Being Under Conditions of Lockdown: An Experience Sampling Study in Austria During the COVID-19 Pandemic

The coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic and attendant lockdown measures present serious threats to emotional well-being worldwide. Here, we examined the extent to which being outdoors (vs. indoors), the experience of loneliness, and screen-time are …

Authors:
Stefan Stieger, David Lewetz, Viren Swami

02-01-2021 | Special Section: Feedback Tools

Smartphone App for monitoring Asthma in children and adolescents

Asthma is a chronic condition that affects more than 300 million people worldwide [ 1 ], and it is the most common chronic disease during childhood, affecting around 14% of children globally [ 2 ]. The stepwise treatment approach proposed by the …

Authors:
K. Mayoral, O. Garin, M. A. Caballero-Rabasco, M. Praena-Crespo, A. Bercedo, G. Hernandez, J. Castillo, C. Lizano Barrantes, Y. Pardo, M. Ferrer, ARCA group

02-01-2021

Discrepancies between proxy estimates and patient reported, health related, quality of life: minding the gap between patient and clinician perceptions in heart failure

1. What is the key problem/issue/question this manuscript addresses?

Authors:
Roslyn A. Prichard, Fei-Li Zhao, Julee Mcdonagh, Stephen Goodall, Patricia M. Davidson, Phillip J. Newton, Ben Farr-Wharton, Christopher S. Hayward
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