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04-06-2019 | Original Paper | Issue 4/2020

Numerical Algorithms 4/2020

Computing the roots of sparse high–degree polynomials that arise from the study of random simplicial complexes

Journal:
Numerical Algorithms > Issue 4/2020
Authors:
Rida T. Farouki, Jeffrey A. Strom
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Abstract

The problem of computing the roots of a particular sequence of sparse polynomials pn(t) is considered. Each instance pn(t) incorporates only the n + 1 monomial terms \(t,t^{2},t^{4},\ldots ,t^{2^{n}}\) associated with the binomial coefficients of order n and alternating signs. It is shown that pn(t) has (in addition to the obvious roots t = 0 and 1) precisely n − 1 simple roots on the interval (0,1) with no roots greater than 1, and a recursion relating pn(t) and pn+ 1(t) is used to show that they possess interlaced roots. Closed–form expressions for the Bernstein coefficients of pn(t) on [0,1] are derived and employed to compute the roots in double–precision arithmetic. Despite the severe variation of the graph of pn(t), and tight clustering of roots near t = 1, it is shown that for n ≤ 10, the roots on (0,1) are remarkably well–conditioned and can be computed to high accuracy using both the power and Bernstein forms.

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