The aim of this research was to investigate the role of telecommunications sector in transition countries, to find out its special features and based on these, to suggest adequate strategies for the future development of this sector. The empirical investigations focus on the whole group of transition countries. With respect to key policy issues, Russia has been a special focus.
The investigation of the telecommunications sector in transition countries cannot be considered without knowing the historical developments on the central-planned economy. Here telecommunications were considered as a non-profit-oriented production process aiming to support the socio-economic superstructures. The stateowned telecommunications industry was characterized by very poor performance and high access deficit. As result, the starting point for the reforming processes in transition countries was a public monopoly with quite poor performance but it was under other circumstances as in the market economy.