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Published in: Cognitive Neurodynamics 6/2022

19-03-2022 | Research Article

Conflicts influence affects: an FMRI study of emotional effects in a conflict task

Authors: Tingting Guo, Fenqi Wang, Ningning Cao, Huanhuan Liu

Published in: Cognitive Neurodynamics | Issue 6/2022

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Abstract

Although prior research has confirmed that conflict itself is likely to be aversive, it is unclear whether and how emotional conflicts influence an individual’s affective processing. The current fMRI study adopted a lexical valence conflict task via instructing participants to shift lexical valence or not. We found that the involvement of positive emotions enhanced the activation of the middle right temporal gyrus (R-MTG) in the non-conflict condition, whereas such activation attenuated in the conflict condition. In addition, the R-MTG was activated in the opposite way when negative emotions were involved. The functional connectivity and correlation analyses further revealed that the faster the participants processed positive emotional words, the weaker the connectivity between R-MTG and positive emotion-related areas of left MTG in the non-conflict condition would be. In contrast, the faster the participants processed negative emotional words, the stronger the connectivity between R-MTG and negative emotion-related areas of the right cerebellum in the conflict condition would become. These findings suggest that conflicts have different influences on emotional processing.

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Appendix
Available only for authorised users
Footnotes
1
The behavioral results showed that our conflict setting is effective, because participants’ response time in the conflict condition was significantly greater than that in the non-conflict condition, no matter the positive or negative condition (M = 1126 ± 359 ms in conflict condition and M = 962 ± 344 ms in non-conflict condition, respectively).
 
2
It should be noted that the absence of a main effect of conflict in this analysis didn't mean that our conflict setting is unsuccessful (the description of our conflict setting, see Procedure section), as the accuracy scores and RTs analyzed here were emotional effects which were obtained by subtracting the corresponding neutral trials from the emotional trials.
 
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Metadata
Title
Conflicts influence affects: an FMRI study of emotional effects in a conflict task
Authors
Tingting Guo
Fenqi Wang
Ningning Cao
Huanhuan Liu
Publication date
19-03-2022
Publisher
Springer Netherlands
Published in
Cognitive Neurodynamics / Issue 6/2022
Print ISSN: 1871-4080
Electronic ISSN: 1871-4099
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s11571-022-09790-6

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