Skip to main content
main-content
Top

Hint

Swipe to navigate through the chapters of this book

2020 | OriginalPaper | Chapter

Consensus Based Distributed Optimal Reactive Power Control in Power Distribution Systems

Authors: Irfan Khan, Mashood Nasir, Affaq Qamar

Published in: Handbook of Optimization in Electric Power Distribution Systems

Publisher: Springer International Publishing

share
SHARE

Abstract

High penetration level of the renewable energy resources in the power distribution network is one of the main issues of the distribution system operator due to voltage deregulation, power losses and other control problems associated with intermittency of renewable energy resources. To resolve these problems following the increasing penetration level of distributed generators (DGs), appropriate reactive power control of DGs, that can lead to the voltage profile improvement and power loss minimization, should be addressed. This chapter proposes a consensus-based distributed algorithm for the optimal reactive power control (OPRC) of DGs in the power system. Proposed algorithm is found to be effective to optimize the multi-objective function including power loss, and voltage deviation of the distribution systems. The effectiveness and scalability of the proposed algorithm have been validated by testing it on 6-bus and 162-bus distribution systems and then comparing its results with the centralized control scheme.
Literature
2.
go back to reference Babalola, A.A., Belkacemi, R., Zarrabian, S.: Real-time cascading failures prevention for multiple contingencies in smart grids through a multi-agent system. IEEE Trans. Smart Grid 9, 373–385 (2018) CrossRef Babalola, A.A., Belkacemi, R., Zarrabian, S.: Real-time cascading failures prevention for multiple contingencies in smart grids through a multi-agent system. IEEE Trans. Smart Grid 9, 373–385 (2018) CrossRef
3.
go back to reference Khan, I., Xu, Y., Kar, S., Chow, M.Y., Bhattacharjee, V.: Compressive sensing and morphology singular entropy-based real-time secondary voltage control of multi-area power systems. In: IEEE Transactions on Industrial Informatics (2018) Khan, I., Xu, Y., Kar, S., Chow, M.Y., Bhattacharjee, V.: Compressive sensing and morphology singular entropy-based real-time secondary voltage control of multi-area power systems. In: IEEE Transactions on Industrial Informatics (2018)
4.
go back to reference Matvoz, D.; Leskovec, R.; Maksić, M.: Optimized reactive power characteristics for distributed generation sources in the low voltage network. In: 2017 IEEE Manchester PowerTech, pp. 1–6. IEEE, Manchester (2017) Matvoz, D.; Leskovec, R.; Maksić, M.: Optimized reactive power characteristics for distributed generation sources in the low voltage network. In: 2017 IEEE Manchester PowerTech, pp. 1–6. IEEE, Manchester (2017)
5.
go back to reference Majumdar, A., Agalgaonkar,Y.P., Pal, B.C., Gottschalg, R.: Centralized Volt/Var optimization strategy considering malicious attack on distributed energy resources control. IEEE Trans. Sustain. Energy 9, 148–156 (2018) CrossRef Majumdar, A., Agalgaonkar,Y.P., Pal, B.C., Gottschalg, R.: Centralized Volt/Var optimization strategy considering malicious attack on distributed energy resources control. IEEE Trans. Sustain. Energy 9, 148–156 (2018) CrossRef
6.
go back to reference Li, D., Ho, C.N.M., Liu, L., Escobar, G.: Reactive power control for single-phase grid-tie inverters using quasi-sinusoidal waveform. IEEE Trans. Sustain. Energy 9, 3–11 (2018) CrossRef Li, D., Ho, C.N.M., Liu, L., Escobar, G.: Reactive power control for single-phase grid-tie inverters using quasi-sinusoidal waveform. IEEE Trans. Sustain. Energy 9, 3–11 (2018) CrossRef
7.
go back to reference Dong, P., Xu, L., Lin, Y., Liu, M.: Multi-objective coordinated control of reactive compensation devices among multiple substations. IEEE Trans. Power Syst. 33(3), 2395–2403 (2018) CrossRef Dong, P., Xu, L., Lin, Y., Liu, M.: Multi-objective coordinated control of reactive compensation devices among multiple substations. IEEE Trans. Power Syst. 33(3), 2395–2403 (2018) CrossRef
8.
go back to reference Yang, Z., Zhong, H., Bose, A., Xia, Q., Kang, C.: Optimal power flow in AC/DC grids with discrete control devices. IEEE Trans. Power Syst. 33(2), 1461–1472 (2018) CrossRef Yang, Z., Zhong, H., Bose, A., Xia, Q., Kang, C.: Optimal power flow in AC/DC grids with discrete control devices. IEEE Trans. Power Syst. 33(2), 1461–1472 (2018) CrossRef
9.
go back to reference Taranto, G.N., Assis, T.M., Falcao, D.M., de Carvalho, R.C.: Highlighting the importance of chronology on voltage protection and control in active distribution networks. IEEE Trans. Power Deliv. 32(1), 361–369(2017) CrossRef Taranto, G.N., Assis, T.M., Falcao, D.M., de Carvalho, R.C.: Highlighting the importance of chronology on voltage protection and control in active distribution networks. IEEE Trans. Power Deliv. 32(1), 361–369(2017) CrossRef
10.
go back to reference Xu, Y., Sun, H., Gu, W., Xu, Y., Li, Z.: Optimal distributed control for secondary frequency and voltage regulation in an islanded microgrid. IEEE Trans. Ind. Inf. 15(1), 225–235 (2018) CrossRef Xu, Y., Sun, H., Gu, W., Xu, Y., Li, Z.: Optimal distributed control for secondary frequency and voltage regulation in an islanded microgrid. IEEE Trans. Ind. Inf. 15(1), 225–235 (2018) CrossRef
11.
go back to reference Bell, M., Berkel, F., Liu, S: Real-time distributed control of low voltage grids with dynamic optimal power dispatch of renewable energy sources. IEEE Trans. Sustain. Energy 10(1), 417–425 (2018) CrossRef Bell, M., Berkel, F., Liu, S: Real-time distributed control of low voltage grids with dynamic optimal power dispatch of renewable energy sources. IEEE Trans. Sustain. Energy 10(1), 417–425 (2018) CrossRef
12.
go back to reference Wang, Q., Cheng, M., Jiang, Y., Zuo, W., Buja, G.: A simple active and reactive power control for applications of single-phase electric springs. IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron. 65(8), 6291–6300 (2018) CrossRef Wang, Q., Cheng, M., Jiang, Y., Zuo, W., Buja, G.: A simple active and reactive power control for applications of single-phase electric springs. IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron. 65(8), 6291–6300 (2018) CrossRef
13.
go back to reference Ansari, J., Gholami, A., Kazemi, A.: Holonic structure: a state-of-the-art control architecture based on multi-agent systems for optimal reactive power dispatch in smart grids. IET Gener. Transm. Distrib. 9(14), 1922–1934 (2015) CrossRef Ansari, J., Gholami, A., Kazemi, A.: Holonic structure: a state-of-the-art control architecture based on multi-agent systems for optimal reactive power dispatch in smart grids. IET Gener. Transm. Distrib. 9(14), 1922–1934 (2015) CrossRef
14.
go back to reference Mantovani, J.R.S., Modesto, S.A.G., Garcia, A.V.: VAr planning using genetic algorithm and linear programming. IEE Proc. Gener. Transm. Distrib. 148(3), 257–262 (2001) CrossRef Mantovani, J.R.S., Modesto, S.A.G., Garcia, A.V.: VAr planning using genetic algorithm and linear programming. IEE Proc. Gener. Transm. Distrib. 148(3), 257–262 (2001) CrossRef
15.
go back to reference Sivasubramani, S., Swarup, K.S.: Sequential quadratic programming based differential evolution algorithm for optimal power flow problem. IET Gener. Transm. Distrib. 5(11), 1149–1154 (2011) CrossRef Sivasubramani, S., Swarup, K.S.: Sequential quadratic programming based differential evolution algorithm for optimal power flow problem. IET Gener. Transm. Distrib. 5(11), 1149–1154 (2011) CrossRef
16.
go back to reference Tian, Z., Wu, W., Zhang, B., Bose, A.: Mixed-integer second-order cone programing model for VAR optimisation and network reconfiguration in active distribution networks. IET Gener. Transm. Distrib. 10(8) 1938–1946 (2016) CrossRef Tian, Z., Wu, W., Zhang, B., Bose, A.: Mixed-integer second-order cone programing model for VAR optimisation and network reconfiguration in active distribution networks. IET Gener. Transm. Distrib. 10(8) 1938–1946 (2016) CrossRef
17.
go back to reference Khan, I., Xu, Y., Kar, S., Sun, H.: Compressive sensing-based optimal reactive power control of a multi-area power system. IEEE Access 5, 23576–23588 (2017) CrossRef Khan, I., Xu, Y., Kar, S., Sun, H.: Compressive sensing-based optimal reactive power control of a multi-area power system. IEEE Access 5, 23576–23588 (2017) CrossRef
18.
go back to reference Chen, S., Hu, W., Su, C., Zhang, X., Chen, Z.: Optimal reactive power and voltage control in distribution networks with distributed generators by fuzzy adaptive hybrid particle swarm optimisation method. IET Gener. Transm. Distrib. 9(11), 1096–1103 (2015) CrossRef Chen, S., Hu, W., Su, C., Zhang, X., Chen, Z.: Optimal reactive power and voltage control in distribution networks with distributed generators by fuzzy adaptive hybrid particle swarm optimisation method. IET Gener. Transm. Distrib. 9(11), 1096–1103 (2015) CrossRef
19.
go back to reference Srivastava, L., Singh, H.: Hybrid multi-swarm particle swarm optimisation based multi-objective reactive power dispatch. IET Gener. Transm. Distrib. 9(8), 727–739 (2015) CrossRef Srivastava, L., Singh, H.: Hybrid multi-swarm particle swarm optimisation based multi-objective reactive power dispatch. IET Gener. Transm. Distrib. 9(8), 727–739 (2015) CrossRef
20.
go back to reference Ahn, C., Peng, H.: Decentralized voltage control to minimize distribution power loss of microgrids. IEEE Trans. Smart Grid 4(3), 1297–1304 (2013) CrossRef Ahn, C., Peng, H.: Decentralized voltage control to minimize distribution power loss of microgrids. IEEE Trans. Smart Grid 4(3), 1297–1304 (2013) CrossRef
21.
go back to reference Maknouninejad, A., Qu, Z.: Realizing unified microgrid voltage profile and loss minimization: a cooperative distributed optimization and control approach. IEEE Trans. Smart Grid 5(4), 1621–1630 (2014) CrossRef Maknouninejad, A., Qu, Z.: Realizing unified microgrid voltage profile and loss minimization: a cooperative distributed optimization and control approach. IEEE Trans. Smart Grid 5(4), 1621–1630 (2014) CrossRef
22.
go back to reference Khan, I., Li, Z., Xu, Y., Gu, W.: Distributed control algorithm for optimal reactive power control in power grids. Int. J. Electr. Power Energy Syst. 83, 505–513 (2016) CrossRef Khan, I., Li, Z., Xu, Y., Gu, W.: Distributed control algorithm for optimal reactive power control in power grids. Int. J. Electr. Power Energy Syst. 83, 505–513 (2016) CrossRef
23.
go back to reference Khan, I., Xu, Y., Sun, H., Bhattacharjee, V.: Distributed optimal reactive power control of power systems. IEEE Access 6, 7100–7111 (2018) CrossRef Khan, I., Xu, Y., Sun, H., Bhattacharjee, V.: Distributed optimal reactive power control of power systems. IEEE Access 6, 7100–7111 (2018) CrossRef
24.
go back to reference Xu, Y., Liu, W.: Novel multiagent based load restoration algorithm for microgrids. IEEE Trans. Smart Grid 2(1), 152–161 (2011) CrossRef Xu, Y., Liu, W.: Novel multiagent based load restoration algorithm for microgrids. IEEE Trans. Smart Grid 2(1), 152–161 (2011) CrossRef
26.
go back to reference Divya, P., Rao, G.S.K.: Proposed strategy for capacitor allocation in radial distribution feeders. Int. J. Res. Eng. Technol. 1(3), 85–92 (2013) Divya, P., Rao, G.S.K.: Proposed strategy for capacitor allocation in radial distribution feeders. Int. J. Res. Eng. Technol. 1(3), 85–92 (2013)
Metadata
Title
Consensus Based Distributed Optimal Reactive Power Control in Power Distribution Systems
Authors
Irfan Khan
Mashood Nasir
Affaq Qamar
Copyright Year
2020
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-36115-0_2

Premium Partner