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Published in: Cellulose 3/2022

27-01-2022 | Original Research

Conversion of carbohydrates into furfural and 5-hydroxymethylfurfural using furfuryl alcohol resin-based solid acid as catalyst

Authors: Ting Huang, Yaohong Zhou, Xiaohua Zhang, Dayong Peng, Xuliang Nie, Jing Chen, WanMing Xiong

Published in: Cellulose | Issue 3/2022

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Abstract

A furfuryl alcohol resin-based solid acid (SC-FAR-800) was prepared and applied in the conversion of carbohydrates into furan platform compounds in microwave. The results showed that SC-FAR-800 was an irregular mesoporous material containing sulfonic acid groups with an acid density of 3.43 mmol/g, which was quite stable below 200 °C. SC-FAR-800 showed good catalytic activity, and the yield of furfural from xylose could reach 60.46%; the yield of 5-HMF from fructose, glucose, cellobiose and cellulose macromolecules could reach 89.35%, 38.17%, 42.6%, 14.73%, respectively. However, the effect of reaction temperature, reaction time, catalyst dosage and water content on various carbohydrate’s conversion was different. SC-FAR-800 could be reused more than 6 times in fructose conversion, and could be regenerated after a re-sulfonation process. Moreover, the catalytic activity of SC-FAR-800 was super to some biomass-based solid acid. Therefore, this catalyst may be an attractive alternative in the conversion of biomass to prepare furan compounds.

Graphical abstract

Furfuryl alcohol resin-based solid acid (SC-FAR-800), which has a high acidity of 3.43 mmol/g, was applied in the conversion of carbohydrates in a microwave oven. The peak yield of furfural from d-xylose could reach 60.46%; the yield of 5-HMF from d-fructose, glucose, cellobiose and cellulose macromolecules could reach 89.35%, 38.17%, 42.6%, 14.73%, respectively.

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Appendix
Available only for authorised users
Literature
go back to reference Sarkar C, Shit SC, Dao DQ, Lee J, Tran NH, Singuru R, An K, Nguyen DN, Le QV, Amaniampong PN, Drif A, Jerome F, Huyen PT, Phan TTN, Vo DN, Binh NT, Trinh QT, Sherburne MP, Mondal J (2020) An efficient hydrogenation catalytic model hosted in a stable hyper-crosslinked porous-organic-polymer: from fatty acid to bio-based alkane diesel synthesis. Green Chem 22:2049–2068. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1039/​C9GC03803E CrossRef Sarkar C, Shit SC, Dao DQ, Lee J, Tran NH, Singuru R, An K, Nguyen DN, Le QV, Amaniampong PN, Drif A, Jerome F, Huyen PT, Phan TTN, Vo DN, Binh NT, Trinh QT, Sherburne MP, Mondal J (2020) An efficient hydrogenation catalytic model hosted in a stable hyper-crosslinked porous-organic-polymer: from fatty acid to bio-based alkane diesel synthesis. Green Chem 22:2049–2068. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1039/​C9GC03803E CrossRef
Metadata
Title
Conversion of carbohydrates into furfural and 5-hydroxymethylfurfural using furfuryl alcohol resin-based solid acid as catalyst
Authors
Ting Huang
Yaohong Zhou
Xiaohua Zhang
Dayong Peng
Xuliang Nie
Jing Chen
WanMing Xiong
Publication date
27-01-2022
Publisher
Springer Netherlands
Published in
Cellulose / Issue 3/2022
Print ISSN: 0969-0239
Electronic ISSN: 1572-882X
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10570-021-04375-8