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01-06-2020 | Research Article-Electrical Engineering | Issue 8/2020

Arabian Journal for Science and Engineering 8/2020

Data Forecasting and Storage Sizing for PV Battery System Using Fuzzy Markov Chain Model

Journal:
Arabian Journal for Science and Engineering > Issue 8/2020
Authors:
M Ilius Pathan, Mohammad Al-Muhaini

Abstract

Although photovoltaic (PV) power is a green energy source, the high output variability of PV power generation leads to lags in network availability. To increase PV power plant reliability, an energy storage system can be incorporated. However, improper selection of storage size increases system cost or decreases network availability due to over- or under-sizing of the storage capacity, respectively. For this reason, we develop a generalized Markov chain-based battery charging–discharging procedure for determining proper storage size. In this work, multi-objective clustering and fuzzy decision-making (FDM) techniques for selecting the most optimal storage size with optimal availability are also proposed to avoid issues associated with conventional selection procedures. The reliability of our approach is analyzed based on forecasted data. As better prediction yields more dispatchable storage sizing, thereby improving system reliability, a first-order fuzzy time-series, Markov chain-based prediction method is used owing to its high prediction efficiency. To explore PV power generation performance in both cool and hot, sunny conditions, the temperature effect is considered in the storage sizing–availability analysis.

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