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2013 | OriginalPaper | Chapter

Data Protection and Data Security by Design Applied to Financial Intelligence

Authors: Paolo Balboni, Udo Kroon, Milda Macenaite

Published in: ISSE 2013 Securing Electronic Business Processes

Publisher: Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden

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Abstract

EU Financial Intelligence Units (‘FIUs’) have recently started using the Ma3tch technology as additional feature to the existing exchange of information via the FIU.NET decentralised computer network. The authors of the paper analyse this concrete case of data processing as a possible practical implementation of the data protection and data security by design principle. They conclude that the Ma3tch technology can be seen as a valuable example of data protection and data security by design, as it can guarantee its fundamental elements such as data anonymisation, data minimisation and data security. Therefore, it is able not only to improve the exchange of information among FIUs and allow for the data processing in line with the applicable data protection requirements, but also remarkably enhance privacy of related data subjects. At the same time, the case study clearly shows that data protection and data security by design need to be supported and complemented by appropriate organizational and technical procedures to assure that the technology solutions devised to protect privacy will in reality do so.

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Footnotes
1
Art. 6(b) of the Directive 95/46/EC; Article 3(1) of the Council Framework Decision 2008/977/JHA; Art. 5(1) of the Council Decision 2000/642/JHA; Art. 5(b) of the Convention ETS. No.108; Article 46(7) of the Convention CETS No. 198
 
2
Art. 4(2) and 4(3) of the Council Framework Decision 2008/977/JHA
 
3
Art. 6(a) and (c) of the Directive 95/46/EC; Art.3 (1) of the Council Framework Decision 2008/977/JHA; Art. 5 of the Convention ETS. No. 108
 
4
Art. 6(d) of the Directive 95/46/EC; Art. 4(1) of the Council Framework Decision 2008/977/JHA; Art. 5 of the Convention ETS. No. 108
 
5
Art. 6(d) of the Directive 95/46/EC; Art. 8(1) of the Council Framework Decision 2008/977/JHA
 
6
Art. 8(2) of the Council Framework Decision 2008/977/JHA
 
7
Art. 5 of the Council Framework Decision 2008/977/JHA
 
8
Art. 10 of the Directive 95/46/EC; Art. 16(1) of the Council Framework Decision 2008/977/JHA; Art. 8 of the Convention ETS. No. 108
 
9
Art. 16(1) of the Council Framework Decision 2008/977/JHA;
 
10
Art. 12 of the Directive 95/46/EC, Art. 8 of the Convention ETS. No. 108.
 
11
Art. 17 of the Council Framework Decision 2008/977/JHA
 
12
Art. 12(b) of the Directive 95/46/EC; Art. 18 of the Council Framework Decision 2008/977/JHA; Art. 8 of the Convention ETS. No. 108
 
13
Art. 17 of the Directive 95/46/EC; Art. 22 of the Council Framework Decision 2008/977/JHA; Art. 5(4) of the Council Decision 2000/642/JHA; Art. 7 of the Convention ETS. No. 108; Art. 46(10) of the Convention CETS No. 198)
 
14
Art. 22(2) of the Council Framework Decision 2008/977/JHA
 
15
Art. 10(1) of the Council Framework Decision 2008/977/JHA
 
16
Art. 10(2) of the Council Framework Decision 2008/977/JHA
 
17
For a more detailed definition of personal data see Article 29 Working Party, Opinion 4/2007 on the concept of personal data, 01248/07/EN, WP 136.
 
18
Even though Directive 95/46/EC is not directly applicable to FIUs, this definition of personal data is the core definition in the European legal framework concerning data processing.
 
19
Stepping up cross-border cooperation (Prum Decision) http://​europa.​eu/​legislation_​summaries/​justice_​freedom_​ security/police_customs_cooperation/jl0005_en.htm
 
20
Council Decision 2008/616/JHA of 23 June 2008 on the implementation of Decision 2008/615/JHA on the stepping up of cross-border cooperation, particularly in combating terrorism and cross-border crime. [2008] OJ L 210 of 06/08/2008, p. 28.
 
21
Art. 17 of the Directive 95/46/EC; Art. 22 of the Council Framework Decision 2008/977/JHA; Art. 5(4) of the Council Decision 2000/642/JHA; Art. 7 of the Convention ETS. No. 108; Art. 46(10) of the Convention CETS no. 198.
 
Literature
[A29WP07]
go back to reference Article 29 Working Party, Opinion 4/2007 on the concept of personal data, 01248/07/EN, WP 136. Article 29 Working Party, Opinion 4/2007 on the concept of personal data, 01248/07/EN, WP 136.
[Albr12]
go back to reference Albrecht, Jan Philipp (Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs): Draft Report on the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on the protection of individual with regard to the processing of personal data and on the free movement of such data (General Data Protection Regulation). COM (2012)0011 e C7-0025/2012e2012/0011(COD). Albrecht, Jan Philipp (Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs): Draft Report on the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on the protection of individual with regard to the processing of personal data and on the free movement of such data (General Data Protection Regulation). COM (2012)0011 e C7-0025/2012e2012/0011(COD).
[Comm10]
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[Coun00]
go back to reference Council of the European Union: Decision of 17 October 2000 concerning arrangements for cooperation between financial intelligence units of the Member States in respect of exchanging information. [2000] OJ L 271 , 24/10/2000 P. 0004 – 0006 Council of the European Union: Decision of 17 October 2000 concerning arrangements for cooperation between financial intelligence units of the Member States in respect of exchanging information. [2000] OJ L 271 , 24/10/2000 P. 0004 – 0006
[Coun97]
go back to reference Council Recommendation (EC) R97/5 of February 13, 1997, on the protection of medical data Council Recommendation (EC) R97/5 of February 13, 1997, on the protection of medical data
[KeLS09]
go back to reference Kerr, I., Lucock, C., Steeves V.(Eds.): Lessons from the Identity Trail: Anonymity, Privacy, and Identity in a Networked Society. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2009. Kerr, I., Lucock, C., Steeves V.(Eds.): Lessons from the Identity Trail: Anonymity, Privacy, and Identity in a Networked Society. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2009.
[NiPD03]
go back to reference Nicoll, C.; Prins, J. E. J.; van Dellen, M. J. M. (Eds.): Digital Anonymity and the Law: Tensions and Dimensions, Information Technology and Law Series. T.M.C. Asser Press, 2003. Nicoll, C.; Prins, J. E. J.; van Dellen, M. J. M. (Eds.): Digital Anonymity and the Law: Tensions and Dimensions, Information Technology and Law Series. T.M.C. Asser Press, 2003.
[Parl05]
go back to reference European Parliament and the Council: Directive 2005/60/EC on the prevention of the use of the financial system for the purpose of money laundering and terrorist financing. 26 October 2005. [2005] OJ L 309, 25.11.2005, p. 15-36. European Parliament and the Council: Directive 2005/60/EC on the prevention of the use of the financial system for the purpose of money laundering and terrorist financing. 26 October 2005. [2005] OJ L 309, 25.11.2005, p. 15-36.
[Schr09]
go back to reference Schreuders, E.: The Legal Aspects of Cooperation between FIUs using FIU.NET. 2009. Schreuders, E.: The Legal Aspects of Cooperation between FIUs using FIU.NET. 2009.
Metadata
Title
Data Protection and Data Security by Design Applied to Financial Intelligence
Authors
Paolo Balboni
Udo Kroon
Milda Macenaite
Copyright Year
2013
Publisher
Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-658-03371-2_7

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